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Genealogy:Descendants of Thomas Aaron Caudill
Posted by: Stephen P. Caudell, Jr. on Sep 1 2014 11:44

Descendants of Thomas Aaron Caudill

Our 4th Great Grandfather, Thomas Aaron Caudill was son of James Caudill, Sr. and Mary Yarborough and Grandson of Stephen and Mary Elizabeth Betsy Fields. Beyond that, all is speculation.

The reader should keep in mind that although the Caudill family has been researched for many years by many different people, most far more educated than I, it would be wise to take everything not documented with a “grain of salt.”

Most claim we (the Caudills) came from Scotland. Some say from Spain, through Scotland.

My paternal side is just about as Caudill as one can get without being

“ their own Grandma”

On Gedmatch-Eurogenes K9b model, my DNA kit # F296765 says I’m 6.77% Southwest Asian; 1.24% Native American; 0.23% Northeast Asian; 15.91% Mediterranean; 71.58% North European; 2.75% Southeast Asian; 0.08% Oceanian; 0.63% South African and 0.81% Saharan African.

Can we claim the Campbell Plaid? Today there are few Caudills in Scotland.

Is the Caudill Coat of Arms ours to claim? I believe Coats of Arms were awarded to individuals and not all those with the same surname. Which Caudill’s were awarded a Coat of Arms.

Do we add an “O” ? There are lots of “Caudillo’s”in Spain but somehow I really don’t feel Spanish.

Are we Caudle’s from “Jolly Ole’ England”? There were several Caudles in England. There was even a John Caudle who was a Town Clerk.

It comes back to…are we Caudills or Caudles, both pronounced the same. My Grandmother CAUDILL married my Grandfather who was a CAUDLE and of course they were NOT related, that is until DNA has proved otherwise. Indeed, the two families (looking back from where I am) were in fact quite different. The Wilkes County, North Carolina CAUDILL family were farmers, hunters, whiskey makers, strong healthy, hard working mountain people while the Surry County, North Carolina CAUDLE family were merchants, postmasters, carpenters and millrights. My grandfathers immediate family were diabetic and died young, for the most part.

Do we have Native American? (some branches do but I am pretty sure that my NA came from my maternal Medley side).

Are we Melungan? (some branches are).

Mary Polly Earnest, Caudill was the daughter of Jacob and Agnes Young, Earnest. I haven’t proved it yet but Agnes MAY have been a sister to Captain William Young.

From Find a Grave, “” …..Revolutionary War Veteran. Captain William Young was known as "Five-T" or "That Terror to the Tories." He fought in the Snow Campaign at the the Battle of the Great Cane Break when he was sixteen. He was also in the battles of Brair Creek, Stono, Augusta, King's Mountain, Ninety-Six, Musgrove's Mill and Cowpens. He served throughout the war and retired as a Captain.

From Ancestry.com:

William "Billie" Young (son of John Young, Sr and Margaret (or Emily) Wood)621 was born 21 Jul 1759 in Loudoun Co, VA622, and died 07 Nov 1826 in Greenville, SC623, 624, 625. He married Mary "Polly" Salmon on Bet. 1789 - 1790626, daughter of John Sammon, Sr and Elizabeth "Betty" Walker.

Notes for William "Billie" Young:

William Young (1759-1826) enlisted at 16 and served through the close of the American Revolution. He fought at Brair Creek, Stono, Musgrove Mills, Cowpens, and King's Mountain. He was wounded at the siege of Augusta and rose to the rank of Captain of Cavalry. He subsequently gave valuable civil service. He died in Greenville Co, SC, and is buried at the "Stone House" where the tombstone gives his record. [DAR record books #43859, page 324 and #27145]…””


There are more questions than answers and perhaps we will never fully know. Perhaps we aren’t meant to know. The search takes us down many interesting roads. We learn about what they had to endure in order for us to be here. We meet many new friends along the way so for me at least, the search will continue.

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Family stories:Family History Questionair
Posted by: Patricia Caudill on June 21 2014 18:59
A guideline to fill in the blanks in your own Family History. Questions to answer to pass along stories and information.
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Family stories:History of Indian Bottom Church
Posted by: Stephen P. Caudell, Jr. on Dec 17 2013 20:05
The following is from the 1974 Thornton Union Association Minutes:

Indian Bottom Church

TabThe early settlers who came to Letcher County from Virginia and North Carolina were mostly deeply religious people, who came here to this beautiful country where they might worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences and to start life anew in this "Happy Hunting Ground." You might say they came here carrying the Holy Bible in one hand and the Kentucky rifle in the other.
TabThe first church to be established in Letcher County was the Indian Bottom Church, established in 1810, one hundred and sixty-four years ago. In the fall of that year (1810) a little band of Regular Baptists, numbering about twenty, met at the home of Isaac Whitaker, near the home of Ance Cornett, about two miles up the Kentucky River from what is now Blackey, near a bottom known as Indian Bottom, so named because Indians had camped there and many Indian artifacts were found there. There this little band of christians organized the Indian Bottom Church.
TabFor ten years or more prior to this time, settlers had been traveling into these hills to find homes for themselves and their children, getting away from the more despotic rule of some of the colonies farther east. Among the first was John Adams, together with his five sons and two daughters, and other kindred, who settled near the mouth of Bottom Fork in the year 1800. James Caudill coming up the Kentucky River, settled near the mouth of Frank's Creek, and nearby, settled James Webb, about the same time. Stephen Caudill, with his family and some of his kinsfolk, settled near the mouth of Sandlick Creek a year or so later, while Isaac Whitaker and John Dixon and others, settled near the mouth of Rockhouse Creek. Others came in the year 1810. There was then about 100 families in what is now Letcher County. These settlers had come in from Virginia and North Carolina, some direct, while others had stopped for a while in what is now Whitley County, and then came on into this section.
TabThese settlers had not more than settled down, until they were desirous of worshiping the One who had preserved them and brought them hither. No doubt letters were sent, inviting preaching brethren back in the land whence they had come, to visit them, and, anyway, we find in the year 1807, one Electious Thompson, a Baptist minister, preaching among these people. Elder Thompson had formerly lived in North Carolina, and had come into this state perhaps first into Madison County, thence to Montgomery and Morgan, and then to Floyd County in 1805. In the year 1808, he settled near the mouth of Rockhouse and constantly preached among the first settlers.
TabElder Thompson was the first ordained minister in what is now Letcher County. Then in the year 1809, Elder William Saulsberry came into this section from the Beaver Valley, preaching in company with Elder Thompson. Perhaps had requested him, as he had lived in the same section where Elder Saulsberry had lived in North Carolina, and had been in meetings before. These two ministers, together with Elder Simeon Justice, another noted Baptist minister, who then lived at the mouth of Mud in Floyd County, constituted the presbytery that organized this Indian Bottom Church. These ministers were from the North District Association, which had been organized the first Friday in October 1802, at the Unity Meeting House in Clark County. The North District and the South District Associations, being a division of the South Kentucky Association, which was organized the last Friday in October, 1787, at the Tates Creek Meeting House in Madison County.
TabThese Heralds of the Cross were men of great zeal and ability. They were earnest men, and feeling called to preach, gave themselves wholly to the work, their time, talents and life. They did not shrink from their work, but endured the hardships and fatigue, going through winter's cold and summer's heat, they labored for souls, and today our churches are monuments of their piety and zeal.
TabSome of the members organized into this Indian Bottom Church were James Webb, and Benjamin Webb his son, who lived over on Cumberland River; John Adams, who lived at the mouth of Bottom Fork; Electious Thompson; John Dixon, Isaac Taulbee, who lived near the mouth of Rockhouse; James Harris, who lived on Rockhouse Creek; Benjamin Adams, another son of John Adams; Stephen Caudill, and his wife Sarah Caudill, who lived at the mouth of Sandlick Creek; Rachel Adams, who was the wife of Benjamin Adams; Mathias Kelly and his wife Amey Kelly, who lived on Cumberland River; James Caudill and Mary Caudill, his wife; Benjamin Caudill, son of Stephen Caudill; Spencer Adams, another son of John Adams; Isaac Whitaker, who lived near the mouth of Rockhouse Creek; Archelous Craft, who lived on Craft's Colly; Isaac Taulbee and John Bunyard. Electious Thompson was chosen pastor and Isaac Whitaker, clerk of this church.
TabThese settlers had brought their letters from the churches to which they belonged back in the colonies from whence they had come, and thus were organized into this new church. Some had come from North Carolina, where Baptist churches had long before been organized by Baptist preachers from Virginia and Pennsylvania, while some had come from the eastern settlements of Virginia, belonging to the older churches of that colony. Most of them had come from churches in the Holstein Association and Mountain Association, and some churches in the North District Association.
TabThe Indian Bottom Church prospered. Its membership by 1815, is shown in the record as 70, but in this year 41 members lettered out to form the Sandlick Church, and they were called together on the 13th day of August, 1815, at the home of Stephen Caudill near the mouth of Sandlick Creek, and there were organized into the Sandlick Church, so named for Sandlick Creek, nearby. This same presbytery, Elder Electious Thompson, Elder William Saulsberry and Elder Simeon Justice, also organized the Sandlick Church, and on October 21, 1820, an arm was given off the Sandlick Church to form the Ovenfork Church.
TabIn 1811, the Indian Bottom Church was received into the Washington Association, which consisted of churches lying in Southwest Virginia. The record shows that the Washington Association met in 1811 with the North Church in Washington County, Virginia, on the third Saturday in October 1811, and states that the Indian Bottom Church asked to be received into that association, and the delegate from Indian Bottom was Electious Thompson, and that the church was received. Again, in 1812, 1813, and 1814, the Indian Bottom Church sent delegates to this association. In 1814, a letter of dismission was asked by the church at the hand of her delegates, who were Electious Thompson, Spencer Adams and James Harris, and the request was granted. The Association met that year with the Castlewoods Church in Russell County, Virginia, and the same year the Indian Bottom Church petitioned admission into the Burning Springs Association and was received by them. The Burning Springs Association met that year with the New Salem Church in Floyd County. In 1815 and thereafter regularly the Indian Bottom Church and the Sandlick Church lettered to the association. In 1825, when the New Salem Association was organized, both churches were in the new association.
TabThese churches moved along very well. The records show that in the year 1842, the Indian Bottom Church had a membership of 40, and the Sandlick Church 42. Regardless of distance these churches were represented each year in the far distant association, most of the time by its ministers.
TabThe Indian Bottom Church remained in the New Salem Association until the year 1876, when the Sandlick District Association was formed and it remained with that association until the Indian Bottom Association was formed in 1895.
TabIn 1876, Elder James Dixon was elected Moderator of the Indian Bottom Church and Brother John W. Dixon, elected Clerk. They each held these positions until their death - John W. Dixon in 1902, and Elder James Dixon in 1914.

Arthur Dixon

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