这一网站是使用MyHeritage.com建立起来的。这一强劲的系统可以让就像你和我一样的每个人，建立一个家族网站并在网上发布我们的家谱。如果您对本网站有任何意见和建议请联系我。 Our family tree is posted online on this site! There are 246 names in our family site. 本网站最后更新于May 2 2018, 目前拥有32名注册会员。If you wish to become a member too, please click here.
Hi! My name is Kenny Gan. I am the station master of this site. The purposes of the website to allow our family members became closer and keep in touch with each other.
Use of this site is to set up MyHeritage.com. This robust system allows everyone like you and me to create a family Web site and in our family tree online. If you have any comments and suggestions on this website, please do not hesitate to contact me at email@example.com.
Our online family tree is published on this site! Our family trees there are 251 names. The incident was the first birth of GAN SENG JIOK (October 3, 1904). Recent activities are the birth of GAN JING LIANG (August 13, 2009). The most recent event is the death of GAN JING LIANG (NOV 27, 2011). The latest updated was on 18th July 2013, now has 29 registered members.
2010 Ching Ming Festival on 5th of April (Monday) .
Ching Ming Festival, in ancient times known as "Arbor Day", "riding the Spring Festival", "smart festival." China's folk festivals.
(* Note: 1) As the festival is based on moral courage and determined, so clear and bright a few broadly in line with the Western calendar, the Chinese traditional festivals.
2) In ancient times, Ching Ming is not as important to the day before the Cold Food Festival. Cold Food Festival as a ban on the main section of vulgar fire, and not allowed to light a fire for cooking, can only be prepared to eat well cooked food, cold, hence the name. As close to the date the Song Dynasty, the Cold Food Observance gradually moved to the Ching Ming grave among the vulgar. Qingming Festival by a simple increase in agricultural solar terms as an important major events and festivals, but there are a number of Cold Food's Sisu distorted in a way to pass down and preserve in the festival. ) Qingming is also one of China's 24 solar terms. As the 24 solar terms more objectively reflect the year-round temperature, rainfall, such as changes in phenology, so use it to arrange the working people of ancient agricultural activities. "Huainanzi? Astronomical training" goes: "After the vernal equinox on the 15th, the Big Dipper that B, then the wind to the Ching Ming Festival." Click "when the 100-year-old asked," saying: "All things grow this time, are clean and bright and clean. So that the Ching Ming Festival. "clear and bright one that temperatures, rainfall increased, it is an excellent spring spring planting season. Therefore, "clear and bright before and after the point of melon kinds of beans", "afforestation, source is clear and bright" and Nongyan. This shows that the solar term and agricultural production has a close relationship.
However, as the Tomb Sweeping festival, with the pure solar terms is radically different. Solar Terms in China phenology changes in seasonal sequence of signs, while the festival will include a certain amount of customs activities and a commemorative significance.
Ching Ming Festival is a traditional Chinese festivals, the most important festival of the sacrifice, is ancestor worship and grave day. Shangfen known grave, and the festival of the deceased an activity. Most of the Han people and some ethnic minorities are in the Ching Ming grave.
In accordance with the old customs, grave, people want to bring Food & Wine fruit, paper money and other items to the cemetery will be food for the festival in the family tomb, and then burning paper money for a new grave Pei soil, verdant fold Jizhi new branches inserted in Grave then kowtow salute worship, finally eaten Food & Wine to go home. Tang Dynasty poet Du Mu's poem "Qingming": "Tomb Sweeping Festival is rain in a panic, pedestrians Deep Sorrow. By asking restaurants where there? Cowboy Yao Zhi Heng Fa Chuen." Wrote the Ching Ming Festival, a special atmosphere.
Ching Ming Festival, also known as section hikers, according to the solar calendar, it is the annual April 4 to 6 between, it was greeted with beautiful vegetation Tulv the season, that people have spring tour (ancient called Outing) a good the time, so the ancients a clearer hikers, and carry out a series of sports practices.
Even today, the Ching Ming Festival worship their ancestors and loved ones mourn the late custom still prevalent.
Ming and Qing Dynasties, there have been "eating Ching Ming Group", "send one hundred worms", "water Divertimento" and other customs. Ching Ming and "smart" homophonic, it is also called "smart Festival", Jiangnan people to have this day have children the best argument. Today, Qingming has worship of ancestors, grave, Jisao martyrs tomb, tree planting, hikers and eating customs and other green dumpling.
Origin and Legend of Ching Ming Festival About China's traditional Qingming Festival began in the Zhou dynasty, has 2500 years of history. Qingming is a very important the beginning of the solar terms, clear and bright one to the higher temperatures, it is an excellent spring spring planting season, and therefore, "clear and bright around the melon kinds of beans." "Afforestation, source is clear and bright" in Nong Yan. Later, the day of Ching Ming and the Cold Food close to the fire ban Cold Food grave civil day, gradually, and Cold Food and Qingming on the combined, while the Cold Food will serve both as a lucid another name, has become for the Ching Ming Festival, a custom, Tomb Sweeping Day fireworks not move, eat cold food.
On the Cold Food Observance, there is such a legend: According to legend, Spring and Autumn Period, Duke Xian of Jin's concubine Li Ji In order to make his own son Xi Qi to the throne on the murder of Prince's deadly trap set Nobuo, Nobuo forced to commit suicide. Nobuo's brother Chong Er, to escape the scourge of exile away. In exile, Chong Er suffered the humiliation. Had with him a Chuben the courtiers, most of them one after another went to the Ben Chu Road. There are only a few dedicated people, has been chasing with him. One of them is called Jiezi Tui. On one occasion, Chong Er hungry fainted. Chong Er Jie Zitui to save, from his legs cut off a piece of meat, grilled in the use of fire to give Chong Er to eat. Nineteen years later, made a return to monarchy Chong Er, that is, one of the famous Five Hegemons Duke Wen of Jin.
Duke Wen of Jin came to power, those who through thick and thin and his courtiers big plus Feng Shang, with the exception forgot Jiezi Tui. Someone in front of Duke Wen of Jin Jie Zitui been done an injustice. Duke Wen of Jin suddenly recalled the old things we keep our hearts, immediately send to please Jie Zitui towards a reward by the official seal. However, the messenger went to a few times, Jie Zitui not come. Duke Wen of Jin had no choice but to go pro please. However, when Duke Wen of Jin Jie Zaitui came home, saw the door closed. Jie Zitui would want to see him, and had been carrying a mother and fled into the Mianshan (today's Shanxi Jiexiu County, southeast). Duke Wen of Jin will let him on the RC-Mianshan search not be found. As a result, some people had an idea that I would set fire to mountain fire on three sides, leaving the party, the fire from time to time Jiezi Tui will come out of their own. Duke Wen of Jin are ordered to give forest fires, have guessed that big fire for three days and three nights, the fire extinguished, after all not see Jie Zaitui out. The mountains look, Jie Zitui mother and son holding a big willow trees charred dead. Duke Wen of Jin looked at the bodies of Ku Bai Jie Zaitui a while, and then buried the body and found that the backbone of Du Zhao Jie Zaitui a willow tree holes, the hole seems to have something. Took out a look at the original film skirts are above the title a blood poem:
Bong-Jun flesh to make loyalty, hopefully lord often clear and bright. Liu testimony was eventually not seen a ghost, be superior to Ban Jun Jian Chen. If the lord with my heart, I recalled the often self-reflection. Chen in Jiuquan a clear conscience, diligent Ching Ming Fu Ching Ming.
Duke Wen of Jin possession of the blood and into the sleeve. Then Jiezi Tui and his mother were buried in a large charred under a willow tree. To commemorate Jie Zaitui, Duke Wen of Jin ordered Mianshan changed to "Jie-shan," to establish ancestral temple in the mountains, and to set fire to this day as the Mountain Cold Food Festival, Xiaoyu country, every year on this day taboo fireworks, eat Cold Food.
Travel time, he had a charred willow cutting, to the palace did a double wooden sandals and looked at it every day exclaimed: "How sad indeed a single step." "First step" is the ancient lower right of mutual respect between their superiors or peers of the call, is said to come from this.
The following year, Duke Wen of Jin led the courtiers, wearing clothes of mourning hiking and pay homage to, express their condolences. Line to the grave, we saw the old willow tree resurrection of dead trees, Greenwood 1000, the wind Piaowu. Duke Wen of Jin looking at the resurrection of the old willow, as the same as seen Jiezi Tui. He walked respect to front, cherish to pinch a bit branches, compiled a circle worn on the head. Jisao later, Duke Wen of Jin to revive the old willow Ciming as "Ching Ming Liu," again on this day as the Ching Ming Festival.
Later, Duke Wen of Jin Chang put sleeves in blood at the side, as a spur its own ruling motto. He was diligent, clear and bright, good governance, the state of governance very well.
Since then, Jin's people to live and work, for meritorious non-living, non-figure wealth and Jie Zitui greatly missed. Every day of his death, we come to honor the memory of prohibited fireworks. Also used flour and the Zaoni, shape into the appearance of swallows, with willows of string together, inserted in the door, calling his soul, this thing called "the push-yan" (Jie Jie Zitui also been made to push it). Since then, Cold Food, Qingming has become a grand festival for people nationwide. Every Cold Food, people that do not light a fire for cooking, eating cold foods. In the north, the people eat well in advance of the cold, such as jujube cake, wheat cake, etc.; in the south, is more for the Youth League and glutinous rice sugar lotus root. Each Qingming, people wearing wicker compiled circle on his head, put willow branches inserted in around their houses to show miss.
Ching Ming Festival customs Ching Ming Festival, the custom is to enrich interesting, in addition to pay attention to ban fire, grave, as well as hikers, swinging, Cuju, playing polo, Liu inserted a series of custom sports. According to legend, this is because the Ching Ming Festival to Cold Food Observance ban fire, in order to prevent the Cold Food Observance buffet beverages, so we come to participate in some sports, in order to exercise. Therefore, this festival in both Jisaoxinfen Health Do not die from the acid tears of sorrow, another outing laughter of play, is a distinctive holiday.
Swing This was the ancient custom of the Ching Ming Festival. Swing, which means grabbing Leather Strap and migration. Its history is very ancient, the earliest known future generations, the latter in order to avoid the taboo, replaced by swing. The ancient swing multi-purpose tree Lindera sticks to frame, then bolt on the ribbons made of. Later, the progressive development of the pedal for the use of two Shengsuo Jia swing. Swing can not only play better health, but also can develop courage, so far as the people, especially loved by children.
Cuju Ju is a ball, the ball is made of leather with the leather ball plugged in with the hair. Cuju, is to use enough to play. This is the ancient Ching Ming Festival, when people love a game. Legend has it that the Yellow Emperor invented, the original purpose was to train warriors.
Outing Also known as spring tour. In ancient times called the Tan-chun, look for spring and so on. On Tomb Sweeping Day, spring, nature, scene of thriving vitality everywhere, it is an excellent picnic time. China's civil society long maintained the clear hikers habits.
Planting Before Tomb Sweeping Festival, Chun-yang Zhao Lin, Chun-yang Zhao Lin, Chun Fei Sa, planting seedlings with high survival rate, grow fast. Therefore, since ancient times, our country there is clear and bright tree-planting habits. It was Ching Ming Festival, also known as "Arbor Day." Custom has been circulating since planting. In 1979, the Standing Committee that each year's Arbor Day March 12 for China. This is to mobilize people of all nationalities active in greening the motherland of great significance.
Kite Ching Ming Festival is also one of the favorite activities. Every Tomb Sweeping Festival, people not only put during the day, night is also put. Night in the kite or the wind under a steady pull strings of colored lines hung a small lantern, like a flashing star, known as the "Magic Lamp." In the past, some people have put the blue sky kite after they cut the go-between, brushing breeze sent them away, they said that this will Chubing misfortunes, to bring good luck for himself.
Ghost Festival The Ghost Festival (simplified Chinese: 中元节; traditional Chinese: 中元節; pinyin: zhōngyuánjié, alternatively simplified Chinese: 鬼节; traditional Chinese: 鬼節; pinyin: guǐjié) is a traditional Chinese festival and holiday, which is celebrated by Chinese in many countries. In the Chinese calendar (a lunisolar calendar), the Ghost Festival is on the 15th night of the seventh lunar month.
In Chinese tradition, the fifteenth day of the seventh month in the lunar calendar is called Ghost Day and the seventh month in general is regarded as the Ghost Month (鬼月), in which ghosts and spirits, including those of the deceased ancestors, come out from the lower realm. During the Qingming Festival the living descendants pay homage to their ancestors and on Ghost Day, the deceased visit the living.
On the fifteenth day the three realms of Heaven, Hell and the realm of the living are open and both Taoists and Buddhists would perform rituals to transmute and absolve the sufferings of the deceased. Intrinsic to the Ghost Month is ancestor worship, where traditionally the filial piety of descendants extends to their ancestors even after their deaths. Activities during the month would include preparing ritualistic food offerings, burning incense, and burning joss paper, a papier-mache form of material items such as clothes, gold and other fine goods for the visiting spirits of the ancestors. Elaborate meals would be served with empty seats for each of the deceased in the family treating the deceased as if they are still living. Ancestor worship is what distinguishes Qingming Festival from Ghost Festival because the latter includes paying respects to all deceased, including the same and younger generations, while the former only includes older generations. Other festivities may include, buying and releasing miniature paper boats and lanterns on water, which signifies giving directions to the lost ghosts and spirits of the ancestors and other deities.
The Ghost Festival shares some similarities with the predominantly Mexican observance of El Día de los Muertos. Due to theme of ghosts and spirits, the festival is sometimes also known as the Chinese Halloween, though many have debated the difference between the two.
Buddhist Ghost Festival: Ullambana Both Buddhists and Taoists claim that the Ghost Festival originated with their religion but its roots are probably in Chinese folk religion and antedates both religions (see Stephen Teiser's 1988 book, The Ghost Festival in Medieval China). In the Tang Dynasty, the Buddhist festival Ullambana and the Ghost Festival were mixed and celebrated together.
Ullambana origin The Buddha's joyful day To Buddhists, the seventh lunar month is a month of joy. This is because the fifteenth day of the seventh month is often known as the Buddha's joyful day and the day of rejoice for monks. The origins of the Buddha's joyful day can be found in various scriptures. When the Buddha was alive, his disciples meditated in the forests of India during the rainy season of summer. Three months later, on the fifteen day of the seventh month, they would emerge from the forests to celebrate the completion of their meditation and report their progress to the Buddha. In the Ullambana Sutra, the Buddha instructs his disciple Maudgalyāyana on how to obtain liberation for his mother, who had been reborn into a lower realm, by making food offerings to the sangha on the fifteenth day of the seventh month. Because the number of monks who attained enlightenment during that period was high, the Buddha was very pleased.
Mahāmaudgalyāyana saves his mother from hell Food is offered to the ancestors during the annual Ghost FestivalThe Buddhist origins of the festival can be traced back to a story that originally came from India, but later took on culturally Chinese overtones. In the Ullambana Sutra, there is a descriptive account of a Buddhist monk named Mahāmaudgalyāyana, originally a brahmin youth who later ordained, and later becoming one of the Buddha's chief disciples. Mahāmaudgalyāyana was also known for having clairvoyant powers, an uncommon trait amongst monks.
After he attained arhatship, he began to think deeply of his parents, and wondered what happened to them. He used his clairvoyance to see where they were reborn and found his father in the heavenly realms i.e the realm of the gods. However, his mother had been reborn in a lower realm, known as the Realm of Hungry Ghosts. His mother took on the form of a hungry ghost (preta) – so called because it could not eat due to its highly thin & fragile throat in which no food could pass through, yet it was always hungry because it had a fat belly. His mother had been greedy with the money he left her. He had instructed her to kindly host any Buddhist monks that ever came her way, but instead she withheld her kindness and her money. It was for this reason she was reborn in the realm of hungry ghosts.
Mahāmaudgalyāyana eased his mother's suffering by receiving the instructions of feeding pretas from the Buddha. The Buddha instructed Mahāmaudgalyāyana to place pieces of food on a clean plate, reciting a mantra seven times, snap his fingers then tip the food on clean ground. By doing so, the preta's hunger was relieved and through these merits, his mother was reborn as a dog under the care of a noble family.
Mahāmaudgalyāyana also sought the Buddha's advice to help his mother gain a human birth. The Buddha established a day after the traditional summer retreat (the 15th day of the seventh month in the lunar calendar, usually mid-to-late August) on which Mahāmaudgalyāyana was to offer food and robes to 500 bhikkhus. Through the merits created, Mahāmaudgalyāyana's mother finally gained a human birth.
Due to Confucian influence, the offering became directed towards ancestors rather than the Sangha and ancestor worship has replaced the simple ritual of relieving the hunger of pretas. However, most Buddhist temples still continue the ancient practice of donating to the Sangha as well as to perform rituals for the hungry ghosts.
Festivities A young girl performing on Ghost Festival in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The red seats in front are reserved for ghosts.The Ghost Festival is celebrated during the 7th month of the Chinese Lunar calendar. It also falls at the same time as a full moon, the new season, the fall harvest, the peak of Buddhist monastic asceticism, the rebirth of ancestors, and the assembly of the local community. During this month, the gates of hell are opened up and ghosts are free to roam the earth where they seek food and entertainment. These ghosts are believed to be ancestors of those who have forgotten to pay tribute to them after they had died, or those who have suffered deaths and were never given a proper ritual for a sendoff. They have long thin necks because they have not been fed by their family, or it is a sign of punishment so they are unable to swallow. Family members would offer prayers to their deceased relatives and would burn joss paper. Such paper items are only valid in the underworld, which is why they burn it as offering to the ghosts that have come from the gates of hell. Like in the material world, the afterlife is very similar in some aspects, and the paper effigies of material goods would provide comfort to those who have nothing in the afterlife. People would also burn other things such as paper houses, cars, servants and televisions to please the ghosts.
Families would also pay tribute to other unknown wandering ghosts so that these homeless souls would not intrude on their lives and bring misfortune and bad luck. A large feast is held for the ghosts on the 15th day of the 7th month, where everyone brings samplings of food and places them on the offering table to please the ghosts and ward off bad luck. In some East Asian countries today, live performances would be held and everyone was invited to attend. The first row of seats are always empty as this is where the ghosts would sit. The shows were always put on at night and at high volumes as the sound would attract and please the ghosts. Some shows include Chinese opera, dramas, and in some areas, even burlesque shows. These acts are better known as "Merry-making".
For rituals, Buddhist and Taoists alike would hold ceremonies to relieve ghosts from suffering, many of them holding ceremonies in the afternoon or at night (as it is believed that the ghosts are released from hell when the sun sets). Altars are built for the deceased and priests and monks alike perform rituals for the benefit of ghosts. Monks and priests often throw rice or other small foods into the air in all directions to distribute them to the ghosts.
During the evening, incense is burnt in front of the doors of each household. Incense stands for prosperity in Chinese culture, so families believe that there is more prosperity in burning more incense. During the festival, some shops are closed as they wanted to leave the streets open for the ghosts. In the middle of each street stood an altar of incense with fresh fruit and sacrifices displayed on it.
15 days after the festival, to make sure all the hungry ghosts find their way back to hell, people flow water lanterns and set them outside their houses (a practice mostly found amongst the Japanese). These lanterns are made by setting a lotus flower-shaped lantern on a paper boat. The lanterns are used to direct the ghosts back to the underworld, and when they go out, it symbolizes that they found their way back.
A difference between the two festivals Buddhist monks perform a rite of feeding hungry ghosts during Ullambana.Chinese Buddhists often say that there is a difference between Ullambana and the traditional Chinese Zhongyuan Jie, usually saying people have mixed superstitions (such as burning joss paper items) and delusional thoughts, rather than think that Ullambana is actually a time of happiness. This time of happiness is sometimes used as a reason for the festival to be called as the Chinese Halloween.
World Health Assembly called on the international community were to Face Challenges
A flow-level alert may be raised to the highest level
Section 62 of our comprehensive information session on the 18th World Health Assembly in Geneva, Palais des Nations opened. Since the H1N1 Type A influenza is spreading in some countries and regions, particularly noticeable at this session.
Expected, this session will focus on prevention of influenza pandemic and other international public health issue.
Executive Director United Nations Office at Geneva Ordzhonikidze said in his speech in the financial crisis, the emergence of influenza A H1N1 influenza, public health challenge is global, disease without borders. The international community should assume responsibility, to jointly deal with the challenges facing public health.
President of the General Assembly the previous WHO, Guyana Minister of Health Ramsamy said that the emergence of influenza A H1N1 influenza, the world is facing new challenges, but the lack of concessions on the disease.
Subsequently, the WHO General Assembly elected the Minister of Health of Sri Lanka de Silva for the current President of the General Assembly.
WHO is responsible for health safety and environmental affairs, Assistant Director-General, Dr. Keiji Fukuda said in the General Assembly the same day, WHO is paying close attention to Europe and Japan and other places of the disease, as confirmed cases of proliferation of these places have become the exception of the Americas by the epidemic than most affected areas.
European media reported that, in accordance with the relevant WHO regulations, the epidemic situation in Japan is likely to make the WHO H1N1 Type A influenza alert to the highest level 6. If this becomes a reality, H1N1 Type A influenza in the 21st century will become the largest epidemic since the disease.
WHO on April 29 will be Type A influenza H1N1 alert level rose to 5. WHO has said that once there is evidence that large-scale influenza in an outbreak outside the Americas, it will be upgraded to a six-level alert.
The modern Mother's Day holiday was created by Anna Jarvis as a day for each family to honor their mother, and it's now celebrated on various days in many places around the world. It complements Father's Day, the celebration honoring fathers.
This holiday is relatively modern, being created at the start of the 20th century, and should not be confused with the early pagan and Christian traditions honoring mothers, or with the 16th century celebration of Mothering Sunday, which is also known as Mother's Day in the UK.
In most countries the Mother's Day celebration is a recent holiday derived from the original US celebration. Exceptions are, for example, the Mothering Sunday holiday in the UK.
It is celebrated in the United States each year on the second Sunday of May.
Different countries celebrate Mother's Day on various days of the year because the day has a number of different origins.
In 1912, Anna Jarvis trademarked the phrases "second Sunday in May" and "Mother's Day", and created the Mother's Day International Association.
"She was specific about the location of the apostrophe; it was to be a singular possessive, for each family to honour their mother, not a plural possessive commemorating all mothers in the world."
This is also the spelling used by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in the law making official the holiday in the U.S., by the U.S. Congress on bills, and by other U.S. presidents on their declarations.
Common usage in English language also dictates that the singular possessive "Mother's Day" is the preferred spelling.
Dates around the world
Mother's Day is celebrated on different days throughout the world. Examining the trends in Google searches for the term "mother's day" shows two primary results, the smaller one on the fourth Sunday in Lent, from the British tradition of Mothering Sunday (it is also called ladies day and women's day), and the larger one on the second Sunday in May.
The extent of the celebrations varies greatly. In some countries, it is potentially offensive to one's mother not to mark Mother's Day. In others, it is a little-known festival celebrated mainly by immigrants, or covered by the media as a taste of foreign culture (compare the celebrations of Diwali in the UK and the United States).
International history and traditions
In most countries, Mother's Day is a recent observance derived from the holiday as it has evolved in North America and Europe. Many African countries adopted the idea of one Mother's Day from the British tradition, although there are many festivals and events celebrating mothers within the many diverse cultures on the African continent that long pre-date colonization. In Nepal and other hindu tradition, its called "Mata Tirtha Aunshi" or "Mother Pilgrimage fortnight".
Mata Tirtha Aunshi falls in the month of Baishak dark fortnight (April). This festival falls in the time of dark moon’s time which is why this called "Mata Tirtha Aunshi" derived from words: “Mata” meaning mother; “Tirtha” meaning pilgrimage. This festival is observed in the commemoration and respect of the mother which is celebrated by worshipping and gifting living mother or remembering mothers who have become immortal and are resting in peace. Going to Mata Tirtha Pilgrimage located towards the Kathmandu valley’s eastern side at Mata Tirtha Village development committee’s periphery is another tradition common in Nepal.
There is a very interesting legend regarding this pilgrimage. In ancient times Lord Krishna’s mother Devaki walked out her house to sight-see. She visited many places and delayed a lot to return back at her house. Lord Krishna became very unhappy because of his mother’s disappearance. So he went out in search of his mother to many places without success. Finally, when he reached “Mata Tirtha Kunda”, he happened to see his mother taking bath there in the spouts of that pond. Lord Krishna was very happy to find her there and narrated all of his tragedies in the absence of his mother. Mother Devaki said to lord Krishna that “oh! Son Krishna let then, this place be the pious rendezvous of children to meet their departed mothers”. So legends believe that since then this place had become a noted holy pilgrimage to see back a devotees’ deceased mother. Also legend believes that a devotee saw his mother’s image inside the pond and he happened to die falling there down. So still there is a small pond fenced by the iron rods in the place even on this present day as well. After the worship the pilgrimage enjoy there singing and dancing throughout the day in the festive mood. There is not evidence of happening of this legend as these are coming from elders based on ancient readings.
Mother's Day in Japan was initially commemorated during the Shōwa period as the birthday of Empress Kōjun (mother of Emperor Akihito). Nowadays it is a marketed holiday, and people typically give flowers such as carnations and roses as gifts.
In China, Mother's Day is becoming more popular, and carnations are a very popular gift and the most sold type of flower. In 1997 it was set as the day to help poor mothers, specially to remind people of the poor mothers on rural areas such as China's west. In the People's Daily, the Communist Party of China's journal, an article explained that "despite originating in the United States, people in China take the holiday with no hesitance because it goes in line with the country's traditional ethics -- respect to the elderly and filial piety to parents."
In recent years Communist Party of China's member Li Hanqiu began to advocate for the official adoption of Mother's Day in memory of Meng Mu, the mother of Mèng Zǐ, and formed a Non-governmental organization called Chinese Mothers' Festival Promotion Society, with the support of 100 Confucian scholars and lecturers of ethics. They also ask to replace the Western gift of carnations with lilies, which, on ancient times, were planted by Chinese mothers when children left home. It remains an unofficial festival, except in a small number of cities.
The decision to agree to celebrate Vesak as the Buddha’s birthday was formalized at the first Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists held in Sri Lanka in 1950, although festivals at this time in the Buddhist world are a centuries-old tradition. The Resolution that was adopted at the World Conference reads as follows:
“That this Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists, while recording its appreciation of the gracious act of His Majesty, the Maharaja of Nepal in making the full-moon day of Vesak a Public Holiday in Nepal, earnestly requests the Heads of Governments of all countries in which large or small number of Buddhists are to be found, to take steps to make the full-moon day in the month of May a Public Holiday in honour of the Buddha, who is universally acclaimed as one of the greatest benefactors of Humanity.”
On Vesak Day, Buddhists all over the world commemorate events of significance to Buddhists of all traditions: The birth, enlightenment and the passing away of Gautama Buddha. As Buddhism spread from India it was assimilated into many foreign cultures, and consequently Vesak is celebrated in many different ways all over the world.
The celebration of Vesak
May 2007 had two full moon days, the 1st and the 31st. Some countries (including Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Malaysia) celebrated Vesak on the 1st, while others (Thailand, Singapore) celebrated the holiday on the 31st due to different local lunar observance. This difference also manifests in the observance of other Buddhist holidays, which are traditionally observed at the local full moon.
On Vesak day, devout Buddhists and followers alike are expected and requested to assemble in their various temples before dawn for the ceremonial, and honorable, hoisting of the Buddhist flag and the singing of hymns in praise of the holy triple gem: The Buddha, The Dharma (his teachings), and The Sangha (his disciples). Devotees may bring simple offerings of flowers, candles and joss-sticks to lay at the feet of their teacher. These symbolic offerings are to remind followers that just as the beautiful flowers would wither away after a short while and the candles and joss-sticks would soon burn out, so too is life subject to decay and destruction. Devotees are enjoined to make a special effort to refrain from killing of any kind. They are encouraged to partake of vegetarian food for the day. In some countries, notably Sri Lanka, two days are set aside for the celebration of Vesak and all liquor shops and slaughter houses are closed by government decree during the two days. Also birds, insects and animals are released by the thousands in what is known as a 'symbolic act to liberation'; of giving freedom to those who are in captivity, imprisoned, or tortured against their will. Some devout Buddhists will wear a simple white dress and spend the whole day in temples with renewed determination to observe the Ten Precepts.
Devout Buddhists undertake to lead a noble life according to the teaching by making daily affirmations to observe the Five Precepts. However, on special days, notably new moon and full moon days, they observe the Ten Percepts to train themselves to practice morality, simplicity and humility.
Some temples also display a small image of the baby Buddha in front of the altar in a small basin filled with water and decorated with flowers, allowing devotees to pour water over the statue; it is symbolic of the cleansing of a practitioners bad karma, and to reenact the events following the Buddha's birth, when devas and spirits made heavenly offerings to him.
Devotees are expected to listen to talks given by monks. On this day monks will recite verses uttered by the Buddha twenty-five centuries ago, to invoke peace and happiness for the Government and the people. Buddhists are reminded to live in harmony with people of other faiths and to respect the beliefs of other people as the Buddha had taught.
Bringing happiness to others
Celebrating Vesak also means making special efforts to bring happiness to the unfortunate like the aged, the handicapped and the sick. To this day, Buddhists will distribute gifts in cash and kind to various charitable homes throughout the country. Vesak is also a time for great joy and happiness, expressed not by pandering to one’s appetites but by concentrating on useful activities such as decorating and illuminating temples, painting and creating exquisite scenes from the life of the Buddha for public dissemination. Devout Buddhists also vie with one another to provide refreshments and vegetarian food to followers who visit the temple to pay homage to the Enlightened One.
Paying homage to the Buddha
Tradition ascribes to the Buddha himself instruction on how to pay him homage. Just before he died, he saw his faithful attendant Ananda, weeping. The Buddha advised him not to weep, but to understand the universal law that all compounded things (including even his own body) must disintegrate. He advised everyone not to cry over the disintegration of the physical body but to regard his teachings (The Dhamma) as their teacher from then on, because only the Dhamma truth is eternal and not subject to the law of change. He also stressed that the way to pay homage to him was not merely by offering flowers, incense, and lights, but by truly and sincerely striving to follow his teachings. This is how devotees are expected to celebrate Vesak: to use the opportunity to reiterate their determination to lead noble lives, to develop their minds, to practise loving-kindness and to bring peace and harmony to humanity.