My name is Vivian Timon
and I started this site a few years ago. This site was created using MyHeritage.com. This is a very good system that allows anyone like you and me to create a private site for their family, build their family tree and share family photos. Please contact me if you have any comments or feedback about this site, The site also allows me to publish articles about the Timon Family on the site. If you scroll down to the end of this page you will find those articles about the Timon Family that are currently published; others will follow in due course. However, I have also published a number of Articles as Posts on the Timon website, http://www.timon.ie/ Feel free to move to this website as a means of getting a more complete story about the Timon Family Please click here to contact me.
Our family tree is posted online on this site! There are 1422 names in our family site. The site was last updated on Dec 4 2019, and it currently has 67 registered member(s). If you wish to become a member too, please click here. Enjoy!
Etracts from talk given to the Lough Gara Historical Society
Patrick Timon, Fairymount, 1969,
and later published in the
Roscommon Archeological and Historical Society Journal, vol 1.
Tibohine, Ti Baethin in Airteach, also known as Tir Eanna or Tir Enda, comprised the present parishes of Tibohine, Frenchpark and Loughlinn. It had 15 ancient ‘baile’ or ‘sen cleithi’ from which it can be inferred it was half a ‘Triocha Cead’ or’ Barony’ or’ Hundred’. It was referred to frequently by Tireachan as Tir Eanna in Airteach.
On the east, it was separated from’ Magh Ai’ of Cruchan by a sruill from the Castlerea area down through Belach na gCarr (Ballinagare) to meet the Brideog River with which and Lough Technet* it was bounded on the north. Abha na Luinge flowed along most of its west side to almost Bun Suicin in Co. Mayo. The Suck on the South separated it from Cill Caoimhin (Castlerea) parish.
Who was this Enda of Airteach?
He was son of the famous King Niall Mor and a brother of Laeghaire. Enda with his brother, Fiach, rudely opposed St. Patrick at Uisneach 433, and when Patrick pronounced a course on Uisneach and Fiach, Enda listened to Patrick and was baptised. In sorrow, he made atonement and offered to Patrick for the church – “ a Ridge in every Nine” in all his territory, as a dowry with his infant son, Cormac, whom he placed as foster son with Patrick’s sister Darerca**. King Laoire confirmed this grant of territory to Patrick. It comprised 15’ sen cleithi’ in Airteach, Connacht, in which Laoire had previously installed Enda as ruler. There was at the time a literary as well as a civil fosterage in Ireland.
This Cormac was reared and educated by Patrick’s nephews (sons of Darerca) to wit: Bishop Donal of Aileach Airtigh (now Castlemore, Ballaghaderreen), Bishop Coimid of Cluain San Mhaoil (Frenchpark) and Bishop De Bonne (Davone in Kilnamanagh, Frenchpark – Boyle road).
Incidentally, this Cormac Mac Enna Mac Neill was Patrick’s successor in Armagh. In accordance with the “servitude of the church” (Book of Armagh) as the land of Airteach really belonged by spiritual descent to Cormac the four churches in Airteach had to send a cow each to Cormac and his successors until it was remitted by Nuda, Abbot of Armagh, in 801 A.D.
In 437 Lallocc, daughter of Darerca, niece of St. Patrick and foster sister of Cormac was brought by Patrick and Bishop Cathach to Ard Senila, ancient name of Fairymount. They came 5 miles north from Ard Lice (near Cloonalis where they founded a church and left Deacon Caoimhin who gave his name to Castlerea parish (Kilkeevan). In Fairymount on the side of Maighean Iontach, a mile west of the old fort on top of Ard Sen Lios, Patrick founded a church to which Lallocc her name, Cill Lallocc, a name which down the years has been very badly pronounced and the spot is now known as Cill i Hooley. There are no ruins of the church, but it was known as sacred ground and was used as a burial place for unbaptised infants until a short time ago.
According to Dr. Hanley, Patrick founded another church nearby for Bishop Cethech of whom there is no mention again in Fairymount. He is found with Patrick and Cethech’s brother, Sichill, in Oran where a Basilica was built.
The site of the old Don Lios in Fairymount is the present Carn Cloch on the summit of Fairymount hill. It commands a great view over Airteach and to Cruachan. The name Ard Sean Lios and Maighean Iontach have disappeared in the last 30 years. The name Mullach an Si has been adopted and there are two meanings given for its origin by old people. Mullach na Sidhi - the mount of the whirlwinds (586 ft.) and Fairymount – the hill of the fairies supposed to be given to it by ancient pagans who saw Lallocc and her holy virgins in the distance near Ard Sean Lios. There remains no other name as a saint other than St. Lalocc in the Fairymount area.
Patrick did not travel from Fairymount to the Tibohine end of Airteach from Fairymount. Instead he went on to Oran. Why? We must remember he travelled by Carbad (chariot) and there was no ramhad from here to Tibohine.
According to Cormac’s Glossary there were 5 classes of roads in Erin.
1.Sed, Semita Unius Animalia.
2.Lamh Rod – a Bridle road
3.Tuath Rod – a people’s path from fort to fort.
4.Bothar – a road for flocks.
5.Ramhad – a road so wide that the chariot of a king or a Bishop could pass by each other without touching.
Instead we find that Patrick came to the present place called Tibohine from Moylurg. He was proceeding north through Hugh Loirg when his horses were stolen from his camp or Eas na Erc. He came to his friends in Airteach for fresh horses and to the present place called Baethin. Here he founded a church which later came to be known as Domus Baethini – Ti Baethin, which gave its name to the parish. Local tradition held that Baothin was with him but Tireachan in the Book of Armagh states that Baethin, grandson of Enda of Airteach, inherited (spiritual) this church a century later. In the Tripartite Baethin is given as a contemporary of St. Nathy and St. Attracta of Breedouge.
Baethin of Airteach apparently extended this church and the number of cealla covered several acres in hill in Tibohine overlooking Domus Baethin. It flourished from the 6th to early 18th century and was described in the Book of Lecan and the Annals. In “An ait be mho Cliu in Airteach ba e Ti Beatha e” – The most famous place in Airteach, Ti Baethin. The civil rulers were Clann Diarmaid Gall of Enda.
There was not to be found a ceard in Erin that was not to be found in Ti Tibohine. It is frequently mentioned in the Book of Lecan, Book of Armagh and the Annals.
1225. An entry states “Giolla an Coimhdere Mac Giolla Coraig, uasal, sagart agus pearson, d’eag.”
A few years later, a similar entry – “ Mac Giolla Eanaig, Tigh Baethin d’eag.” In 1230 Aodh Muineach O’ Concubhar and his brother plundered (slad) Ti Baethin and its cealla and carried away considerable quantities of gold. silver and leather goods (Book of Armagh).
Ti Baethin recovered from these raids and several others from Ulster.
It was not until the Cromwellian soldiers, who had settled in the area – The Frenches, later De Freynes, arrived that Domus Baetheni suffered its final destruction. They invaded Airteach after much bloodshed and spent nine days carrying away the total contents to Dun Gar camps.
They burned Ti Baethin and took possession of many of the fifteen sean Cleithi of Airteach. Over these we find them as landlords in the following century.
The manaigh fled with many articles, which they buried in bogs and even in Lough Technet. There was an old saying in Tibohine: “Ta sadhbhreass sa loch nach eisc.”
One article stolen, a silver chalice, was given by the De Freynes years later, to the Minister of the Protestant Church in Portahard. It was inscribed Ecclesia Airtigh 1707. It is still there I presume. In like manner these De Freynes with Davises and Cornwalls burned and plundered churches in Cloonshanville, Kilnamanagh, Kilrodain and Kilrain.
After Catholic Emancipation the old unit of Airteach Enda was no more. Churches were built in Frenchpark, Tibohine (in O Connor Don’s property) and Loughlynn. One of the De Freynes married a Catholic in early 19th century and gave a patch of land for the present church in Tibohine which previously had temporary accommodation in Carragharriffe and Teevnacreeva in O’Connor’s property.
The roofless walls of Ti Baethin remained for nearly a century when the County Council took over the graveyards. They pulled down the walls and used the stones for road material. We are told that old men with tears in their eyes begged the engineer not to take away Baethin’s house. He laughed and said he would leave some. He did. It remains, a small portion covered with ivy in Tibohine cemetery.
During the Famine the parish suffered very badly. Scores had been driven west from the good lands “the Machaire” and they died in their hundreds. The grounds around the old monastery, where Baethin and his monks were buried, were used to bury the unfortunate victims at night as well as by day and were completely filled up.
There was a stone over a door in the monastery with the inscription Domus Baetheni and a worn date. It is supposed to be in the old fothrach that remains.
What an inglorious end to a church founded by Baethin, one of St. Patrick’s 300 bishops. The present parish is not one-third of the ancient parish of Tibohine – Tir Enda Airteach. Here are now two new churches, one in Tibohine and one in Fairymount and the parish is now frequently called Fairymount parish as the present parish priest lives there since the end of the last century.
Mention of Tibohine would not be complete without a special mention of Dr. Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland, 1938 – 1945. Tigh Baethin is the “Gleann in ar togadh e”, Rath Trae.
Old Place names:
Mt. Sen Lios, Maighean Iontach.
Fothrach in Tibohine cemetery.
Some Leasa – Lios ar gcul, Lios s’choirce, Lios adhaim.
In 2006, I visited Nora Timon, then in her 90th year, and was instantly fascinated by her interest in and knowledge on the Timon family in Tibohine. Her enthusiasm, clarity of memory and the stories she recalled challenged me there and then to commence the task of researching and building the ‘Timon Family Tree’. Now three years later and with a considerable amount of research on the genealogy of the Timon family initiated, I consider it timely to publish a 1st. draft of the Tree. I dedicate this draft to Nora Timon, as the matriarch of the ‘Timon Family Tree’.
The Starting Point
As can be seen in the statement on ‘Information Sources’ that follows, the starting point was the 1749 Elphin Diocesian Census initiated by Church of Ireland Bishop Edward Synge. This is the first documented record found thus far on the Timon family in Tibohine. The name listed in the census was M. Timon, presumably Michael Timon, as the Christain name Michael features regularly across several generations. He is listed in the family tree as Michael (Elphin) Timon albeit he had no habitable connection with Elphin. Based on Nora Timon’s recollections that all the earlier Timon generations had very large families and that they consistently used the same Christian names (Michael, Patrick, John, Edward, Thomas, Martin and James) in each generation, I have listed these names with approximate dates of birth in the first, second and third generations, basically in an attempt to search records of Timon family members across the many genealogical databases that exist on the Internet. This has already proven useful in a number of cases and new databases (e.g., US and UK Census records) are being uploaded on the Internet regularly; so it’s an ongoing process.
Information from the 3rd generation onwards is record specific. There were six brothers in this post famine generation, three of whom settled and reared families in Tibohine. Arising from these three families, there are now three distinct albeit related branches within the Timon Family Tree, which I have termed as follows: The ‘Michael Timon Branch’, The ‘John Timon Branch’ and The ‘Edward Timon Branch’. To facilitate ease of identification of relatives across the generations, two versions of a ‘Descendant’s Report’ have been prepared, viz.,
Family-Branch based Descendants Report
Trans-Generational Descendants Report.
The Family-Branch based report groups the descendants of Michael, John and Edward Timon in separate family lines across the nine generations; the Trans-Generational Report simply lists all Timon relatives in each branch across all generations. A fourth branch, descendants of James Timon (Athlone) is currently being researched.
The earliest authenticated records of the Timon family in Tibohine, Co. Roscommon date back to the Elphin Diocesian Census, initiated in 1749 by Edward Synge, the Church of Ireland Bishop of Elphin. It is understood that Bishop Synge wished to know the proportion of Protestants to "Papists" (a name he used to refer to Catholics) with a particular interest in the collection of church dues.
In any event, it recorded two Timon “Papists” in the town land of Tibohine, an M. Timon (a labourer - farmer) married with three children and a T. Timon (a labourer - farmer) without any children. There were two other Timon families in the parish (then known as the Parish of Tibohine), one in Rathkeery (two children) and one in Currenturpane (one child); quite possibly, these families were interrelated. There was only one other Timon record for the entire County of Roscommon and that was a John Timon (Cotier), Eastersnow, Ardcarn, Boyle. The Timon Family Tree is based on the presumption that M. Timon referred to Michael Timon – a male Christian name that features regularly across successive generations.
The next definitive record located was found in the Church of Ireland Applotments Survey carried out in the 1820’s, again with the purpose of assessing Church dues; these records are available in the National Library, Dublin. This survey showed two Timons in the parish, a Patrick Timon, farmer, in the townland of Tibohine (presumably a grandson of Michael Timon) and a T. Timon (Cotier) in the townland of Leitrim.
Tibohine Parish Church records (Birth and Marriage entries, albeit incomplete and very difficult to read) from the 1830’s to 1860’s are available in the National Library, Dublin and were searched. The Griffith’s Land Survey, undertaken in the 1850’s was also consulted, as was the 1901 and 1911 National Census Records. The most important contemporary information sources were the Fairymount/Tibohine Church Baptism records and the National Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths, available on a county basis from 1864 onwards.
The next stage in the development of the ‘Timon Family Tree’ involved the initiation of searches of the now numerous genealogical databases on the Internet; currently, there are billions of records on the Internet in a range of databases that include census records, birth, marriage and death registrations, immigration records and many other documents and record sources. To access these it was necessary to select an appropriate Family Tree software package and to establish a Timon Family Tree Website. Three different software packages were and still are being used, viz., “Family Tree Legends”, “ Family Tree Maker” and “MyHeritage Family Tree Builder”. Each has it’s own particular characteristics but the most important advantage in using the different packages and their associated Internet Genealogy Search Engines is the spread of global records (USA, British, Canadian, Australian etc.) that can be researched. I have located quite a considerable number of Timon relations through these Internet searches.
The ‘Timon Family Tree’ currently extends to 674 persons spread over nine generations. The tree is accessible on three websites, viz.,MyHeritage.com, Ancestry.co.uk, Genesreunited.co.uk. If you wish to access the tree on any of these sites please contact me by e-mail (email@example.com) and I will arrange access. Please know that it is inevitable that there are errors and omissions on the tree. Consequently, additions and corrections to the tree will be very much appreciated.
The next challenge is to add photographs, videos and other material that will add life to the family tree. I also plan to make and upload on the tree an Introductory Timon FamilyTree DVD. Please let me know of any photographs or other material that you have that I could use; I can scan them and return the original material to you by return post.
It is difficult to be definitive as to the origin or meaning of the Timon Family name or any family name for that matter. Irish Family historians and heraldists provide a range of suggested origins that on scrutiny lack consistency and indeed any logical credible evidence of the asserted origins of the name.
Often, it is asserted that the name Timon and its variant spellings (Tymon, Tyman) are modern anglicised synonyms of the Connaught name Timmons. That the name Timon in Ireland has been anglicised from the Gaelic name Ó Tiomáin is not in question and its different spellings (Timon, Tymon, Tyman) in various Church and Governmental records and publications probably reflect the imprecision and variability of a phonetic translation of the Gaelic name ‘Ó Tiomáin’ into English. However, there is little convincing evidence that the name Timon is in any way a derivative of Timmons or Timony; rather Timmons and Timoney may well have been anglicised plural forms of the name ‘Ó Tiomáin’. The Gaelic ‘Ó Tiomáin’ name denotes descendent of Tiomáin.
It is of interest to note that translation into English of the Gaelic word ‘Tiomáin’ has the same meaning in a number of languages. It means to ‘drive’ to ‘steer’ or ‘be at the helm’ (helmsman). It has similar meaning in the French, Spanish, Italian and Greek (Τιμων) languages; and in some other European (Slovakia, Hungary and the Baltic countries) languages also. Indeed the family name Timon is quite common in France, Spain (Celto-Iberian region) and Northern Italy and particularly common in parts of Greece*, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and in the Rhine valley of Southern Germany. It is also worth noting that these countries straddle the route of the Celtic migration across Europe during the Le Téne period (500 BC), following the over-population of their settlements in Bohemia during the Hallstatt period(700 BC). As the Celts spread across Europe they became dominant in France and Spain in the early centuries of the first millennium and spread to Britain and Ireland towards the final stages of their migration.However, there is increasing archaeological evidence of much earlier Celtic migrations in Ireland, possibly dating from the Hallstatt period.
It is also interesting to note that it was a Celtic custom to assign names to families relating to the work they did. Consequently, families assigned the role of ‘helmsman’, ‘steersman’ or ‘driver’ would be assigned the family name ‘Timon’. It is quite plausible, therefore, that the name Timon has a Celtic origin and the meaning of the Gaelic name “Tiomáin” evolved from this Celtic custom. The corollary of this thesis is that there are not necessarily any genetic relationships between the many families that bear the surname ‘Timon’, be they in mainland Europe, Britain or indeed in Ireland.
The Timon Family Name in Ireland
Seventeenth and eighteenth century records make reference to the name Timon in mid Ulster (Fermanagh, Cavan), mid Leinster (Wicklow, Kildare and Carlow) and Connaught; the name was not uncommon in Mayo, Sligo and Roscommon. It has been suggested that the Timon family name followed the movement of St. Patrick’s christianising entourage (oxen drawn carriages and carts) across Ireland, passing through Tibohine in Roscommon in 437 AD and ending up in Mayo where it is said he spent much of his time.[i] St. Patrick’s travels across the then open countryside of Ireland would not have been possible without the protection of various chieftain-led clans along the way, one of whom is said to have been Eanna (Enda) of Airteach, son of the famous King Niall Mór. It has been further suggested that the family names of the helmsman or drivers of the oxen drawn entourage were called ‘Tiomáin’, following Celtic tradition, and that some of these families settled at particular points along the route.
The Timon Family in Tibohine
As to the origins of the Timon Family in Tibohine there is anecdotal and circumstantial evidence that the family may have been in the parish since the 5th century; coinciding with the arrival of St. Patrick’s in the area and his setting up a monastery there. In fact, the name Tibohine owes its name to that monastery (Domus Baethini) and its first bishop whose name was Baethin. Baethin, it is said, was a grandson of Enda of Airteach. The name Tibohine is an anglicised synonym of the Gaelic place name Tígh Baethin[ii]. A quite comprehensive narrative on the history of the parish and St. Patrick’s visit there, as recalled by Edward Timon, with detail that most likely would only be known to direct descendents of the family or long established families in the area (Ó ghlúin go glúin tradition) would suggest that the Timon family may have been in Tibohine since the 5th. Century[iii]. The reality that the family farmed the lands around the church and the ruin of the old monastery adds further credence to this claim.
Timon Coat of Arms
The Timon Coat of Arms shown above has been issued and commercialised by Historic Families Limited, Clonskeagh, Dublin. Their interpretation of the coat of arms is as follows. “On a black field, traditionally the heraldic colour of Wisdom and Constancy, and between four white plates (representing Communion plates and denoting Christian faith, Charity and Generosity), is a white chevron representing the roof-tree of a house and denoting Protection. Upon the chevron is a pellet, representing a cannon ball, which was often borne by one who had braved a siege of war.” This statement makes interesting albeit comical reading but its validity and authenticity as relating to the Timon family name is very questionable. Firstly, the origin and existence of the Timon family name predates the Anglo Norman practice of developing Family Coat of Arms and there is no evidence that the indigenous Irish people ever embraced this practice as many Anglo Irish families found it prudent to do in post Cromwellan Ireland.
* Not to mention - ‘Timon of Athens’, The philosopher - ‘Timon of Phlius’ or ‘Deacon Timon’ - one of the seven ‘Deacons of the Church’.
 Chadwick, Nora, 1971. The Celts. Penguin Books; Republished by the Folio Society, Ltd. London.
[i]Timon, Patrick, 1986. Extracts from talk on Tibohine given to Lough Gara Historical Society, 1969. The Roscommon Archaeological and Historical Journal, Volume 1, 1986.
[ii] Ní Thiomáin, Úna, 1905. Tigh – Baethin (Tibohine). Dissertation written by the author in part fulfilment of the National Teacher Training programme. Roscommon County Library.
[iii]Ó Tiomáin, Pádraic, 1937. The Tibohine Parish - Story told to the author by Edward Timon, Christmas 1918. Published in the Irish Folklore Collection 1937, University College, Dublin.