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Daily Mercury (Mackay, QLD)
Publication:Feb 2 1948
 Mackay, Queensland, Australia
Daily Mercury (Mackay, QLD) - Feb 2 1948
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! DO YOUR PLOWING With a "WM IT PLOW DISC Disrt for every purpose, PLOW SHARES. MOULD BOARDS. V ACUFFLER TINES; in sizes from liln. to ?ln, SCUFFLER BOLTS. PLOW BOLTS. PLOW REINS. SHEPHERD'S ANVIL STORES P.O Box 52. Phones 74, 285 OVERSEAS NEWS Overseas News in this newspaper Is Supplied by the Australian Associated Press. Sources include In England (The Times,' 'Dallv Telegraph,' 'Dally Moll,' 'Dally Herald,' ,'Dnllv Express,' 'Manchester Guardian,' Reuter's World Service, Associated Press of Great Britain. British Untied Press and Ex- ' change Telegraph ' Agency; and in America. 'The New York Times,' Herald-Tribune,' Associated Press, United Press Association and . the North American Newspaper Alliance. Mottei from the London 'Times' does not express that newspaper's view unless stated ' < Macrossan & Amiet, SOLICITORS. &c., ARMATI'S CHAMBERS. .VICTORIA-STREET, MACKAY. WILLIAM ALBERT AMIET, JOHN STANLEY AMIET. ; Reg. F. Taylor, REGISTERED OPTOMETRIST, ! 28 SYDNEY -STREET. MACKAY. SIGHT-TESTING ! Complete Spectacle Manufacturing Done on the Premises at Shortest Notice. Dr. Guy E. Riechelmanu, DDE.. Univ. oi Penn., L.D.S. B.C.S., Edinburgh . > G. L. Oarne, DENTAL SURGEONS, VICTORIA-STREET, Phone 278 P.O. Box 54. Peroy E. Armati, OPTICAL DEPARTMENT (Two Testing Rooms. Two Optometrists. Quick Repairs and ReplaceMenta. Muscle ' Training. MAIN PHARMACY P.O. Box 94. Sydney-street. 'Phono 93. S. B, Wright & Wright, SOLICITORS VICTORIA-STREET, MACKAY. WILLIAM ALFRED WRIGHT. Notary Public and Commissioner of Affidavits for the High Court of ' Australia and the Supreme Court of Now South Wales. - JAMES COND1E. Alex. P. Procopis, B.D (Univ. of Qld.) DENTAL SURGEON. Address; Perry's Building, 72A Sydney-street, Mackay. Phone 917. Barron & Allen, . SOLICITORS, ' WRIGHT'S BUILDING, (Over T. J. Leonard's), VICTORIA-STREET. CLIVE, HARTLEY ALLEN, M.A. Beckey & Evans, SOLICITORS, F. H. BECKEY — A. J. EVANS - National Bank Chambers, SYDNEY-STREET, MACKAY. 'Phone 9GB. R, H. Thoraason, L.D.Q., DENTIST, WOOD'S BUILDING, (Over C.C.S.). Corner Wood and Victoria Streets, MACKAY. 'Phone 167. Ernest Barry SOLICITOR, Dalrymple's Buildings, 92 VICTOR1A-STREET. MACKAY. Telephone 613. J, A. Gran, B.D.Sc, DENTAL SURGEON Dalrymple Building, 92 VICTORIA-STREET, (Telephone 587. P.O. Box 324. MOUNT ISA STRIKE "Hopeless, Stupid Fight" MT. ISA, Sunday. — Strikers at a mass meeting to-day de feated a motion to resume work by a two to one majority. The motion urged the men to resume under the conditions laid, down by the Industrial Registrar on January 26, pending the court's decision on the lead bonus application. There were about 150 at the meeting. Twelve refused to vote. Another mass meeting will be held to-morrow About SOU are on strike, losing £2000 dally ill wages. The AWU organiser (Mr. T. Hay) said the strike was no longer a fight between the com pany and the workers but a struggle by Communists to wrest control from the AWU. Mr. Huy accused the Com munists -of organising the strike and said the workers had been led Into a hopeless, stupid fight against the advice of the execu tive of the AWU. EGG PRICES BRISBANE, Sunday.— The re tail prices of nrst quulity lien and first quality medium eggs have been increased to 2/ 10 and 2/4 a dnzen respectively from to-mor- row In the area from the north to Bundaberg and south to Goon- dlwlndi. Other egg prices are unchanged. THANKS ItTR. nnd MRS. H. COX,' Eton North. d&lre to thank all kind friends and relatives who sent floral tri butes and messages of sympathy In the recent loss of their dear mother and mother-in-law, Emily Cox. IN MEMORIAM ANTON YSHYN: IrT sad and loving memory of our old pal and neigh bor, "Tony," who departed this life February 2, 1940. "Gone but not forgotten." (Inserted by his friends May, Chas and little Daphne.) HOBBS: In loving memory of my dear husband and our dear , father, William Henry Hobbs, who de parted this life on February 2, 1946. In our hearts your memory lingers. And we know It's vain to weep; Tears of love will never wake him From his peaceful, happy sleep. The nameless hunger and longing For the face we can never see, For a voice that Is still for ever, Oh, God, why should It be? (Inserted by his loving wife and family.) SMITH: In loving memory, of our dear daughter and sister, Mabel Elizabeth Smith (nee Weight), who departed this day, February 2, 1947, at Brisbane. Not just to-day but every day, - In silence we remember. (Inserted by her loving mother, father, sisters and brothers.) WESCHE: In loving memory of our dear father and grandfather, Henry George, who passed away February 2, 1940. Father Is gone but not forgotten, Nor Is the good advice he gave. Sweetest thoughts shall ever linger Around our darling father's grave. Long days and nights he bore in pain, To -wait pr cure was all In vain, But God alone, who thought it best, Did ease his pain and gave him rest. (Inserted by his loving daughter, son, daughter-in-law and grandchil dren.) FUNERAL NOTICE rPHE Funeral of the late May Cather- Ine Victoria O'Connor, dearly be loved wife of George Mooney O'Con nor, of 185 Victoria-street, and beloved mother of Mrs. Elsie May Clarke and Richard Henry (Mac) Taylor, will move from St. Patrick's Church, River- street, This Day, at 11.39 a.m., to the Mackny Cemetery. Friends will please accept this intimation and invitation. ALEX. GRANT, Funeral Director. , Obituary MRS. HUBERT FAIRFAX SYDNEY, Sunday.— Mrs. Hubert Fairlax died In Sydney to-day In 1922 Mrs. Fairfax founded the Queensland Country Women's As- sociation and became its president, a position she filled with con spicuous success for eight con secutive years.- - She became vice prcsdent and later State, secretary, of the Country Women's Association In New South Wales and In 1934 she was made vice president of the World. Association for Country Women. In 1935 she received the OBE in recognition of her services. Mrs. Fairfax was . associated with St. Luke's Hospital from its foundation in 1919. when she was elected, honorary secretary, and was a member of the State execu tive and later General Council of the Girl Guides' Association. . She is survived by her husband and a son, Vincent Fairfax. LETTER TO THE EDITOR FORTY HOURS AND REPERCUSSIONS Sir,— Mr. W. M'Mahon is off the beam in regard to this matter. The subject matter of my letter has no bearing on any political party. My own personal beliefs are mine, and are sacred, and I have never yet performed the "ostrich trick." The matter in-- yolved is the natural welfare of our progeny— and Australia's pro gress and advancement. Had the pioneers of this district not en gaged in the same tactics — this city and district Would never have advanced. Let us have construc tive criticism, not small and de structive. A sound policy of de cent hours and conditions is neces sary and so is a policy of supply and demand.— Yours etc., M. A. M'COLL. U.K. FOOD MISSION IN T0WNSVILLE TOWNSVILLE. Sunday.— Mem bers of the British Food. Corpor ation landed in Townsville this evening in a Lockheed plane, after leaving Brisbane this after- noon. ' The plane landed at Roma, then continued north over Rolles- ton' and Capella to Townsville ar riving here at 8 o'clock. The leader (Mr, Plummer) stated that no definite plan had yet been evolved and there had been no discussion as yet among the party. They intend departing for Bowen to-morrow morning by road to view the Burdekln River basin. From Bowen they will re turn to Brisbane and then go over the route again, if necessary. COMMUNISTSNOT TO BE EXCLUDED COOLANGATTA, Sunday. — There was no proposal on the AWU Convention agenda that Communists be excluded from membership of the union, the Federal secretary (Mr. T. Dougherty) said to-day He added there was no pro vision under the Federal Arbitra tion law which would allow the union to prevent Communists or members of any other political party becoming or remaining members of tho union. He said he would be happy if a position could be created to en sure that worthwhile unions could prevent Communists attaining office. FUEL OIL CRISIS IN NEW YORK NEW YORK. January 31. — Mayor William O'Dwyer estab lished a fuel oil delivery priority list to-day and assigned several thousand policemen and other clt.y employees to-night to ride all oil delivery trucks in tho city to see that the priorities were re spected. Mr. O'Dwyer said tho industrial plants and amusement plnccs were not to get fuel oil unlll fur ther notice because "there is not and will not be enough oil for all users during tho crisis." VITAMIN DISCOVERY VIENNA (AP): The discovery of a new vitamin, affecting especially the development and growth of new cells in both plant and animal life, has been announced by Dr. Wilholtn Goetsch, of the Univer sity of Grnz. Styrta. Named vita min "T," It Is described as n sub- stnncc which speeds cell growth throuuli a stronger action on albumen which Is incorporated In cell structure. It is sulci lo be de rived from certain types of yeast and plant fungi. The Daily Mercury MONDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1948. Death Of Gandhi ALL crime is stupid; every political crime is unpardonable ; but the slaying of Mohandas Gandhi, while on his way to the praying ground outside the Birla House on Friday evening, must be classified as a calamity, with potential repercussions that might well shake Asia to its foundations. More than 300,000,000 people in India regarded him with extreme veneration, and none exercised a greater influence in central Asia than he. » ' IT is extremely difficult, if not impossible, for the western mind to appreciate or understand the philosophy of this gifted leader of men. At times his pronouncements appeared contradictory. There were times when the British Administration in India had no option but to incarcerate him ; there appeared no other way in which to suppress lawlessness of .which he was thought to be the instigator. At other times the British had cause to bless him for averting bloodshed by an appeal to his millions of followers. /JANDHI, judged by western standards, was an enigma, but there is no question about his unswerving and devoted loyalty to India as a whole. He unhesitatingly opposed the splitting of India into two states, believing the country should be under the control of a single administration. He opposed the establishment of Pakistan as a separate state and undoubtedly was largely responsible' for the delay in reaching agreement upon this question. ' Nevertheless, no man did more ; than he in serving his country's interests, and he must go down in history as a great patriot, a great teacher, and; within limits, a gifted statesman. /JANDHI was deeply religious. He was also a philosopher, and, to the European way of thinking, something of a mystic and a seer. His asceticism was extreme, so much so that those in close touch with him declared his periodical fasts were not much more austere than his customary habits of life. It is beyond question that this man was one of India's greatest sons ' and his death is deplored throughout the world. WHAT effect his assassination will have upon /the international situation has yet to be seen, but it might well prove as' far-reaching as the destruction of the Archduke Ferdinand at Serajevo on June 28, 1914, which precipitated the first World War. It is already obvious, that the bitterness and racial hatred which have been simmering in India for a long time will now boil over and perhaps lead to the embroiling of the greater part of Asia;. and that, in turn, may fan the embers of a third World War. INDIA is already aflame and it is going to be a herculean task to prevent a gigantic outburst of slaughter and rapine Among the vengeful and fanatical peoples 'of- this troubled land and other countries bordering upon it. It behoves every country possessing any restraining influence to employ it to the full to prevent another holocaust. If this is not done it may well mean the end of civilisation as we know it. IatoOr1ervice| TIDAL DIARY MACKAY HARBOR, FEBRUARY, 1948 A.M. P.M. 2 05.21 15 4 17.4013 0. 3 06.40 IS 8 18.5613 5 4 07.45 16 6 19.59 13 6 5 08.3417 4 20.46 13 9 6 09.14 18 00 21.23 14 2 7 09.47 18 4 21.54 14 6 8 10.17 18 8 22.2214 9 9 10.44 18 9 22.49 15 2 10 11.1018 9 23.1615 4 11 11.38 18 6 23.4515 4 12 — 12.0518 1 13 00.1315 3 12.3217 4 14 00.34 15 00 12.58 15 5 15 01.19 14 7 13.31 15 4 16 02.03 14 4 14.09 14 4 17 03.13 14 2 15.14 13 3 18 04.53 14 5 16.59 12 7 19 06.23 15 7 18.35 13 1 20 07.28 17 3 19.41 14 2 21 08.20 19 2 20.35 15 6 22 09.08 20 7 21.22 17 00 23 09.52 21 8 22.07 18 1 24 10.36 22 2 22.52 18 8 2511.20 22 23.36 18 26 12.02 21 00 27 00.22 18 7 12.47 19 5 28 01.11 18 13.3417 6 29 02.95 17 14.26 15 6 METEOROLOGICAL Following are the hours of sunrise, sunset and ntoonrlse during February. 1048: — SUN MOON Feb. Rises Seta Rises 2 .... 5.47 .... 6.48 .... 11.58 p.m. 3 .... 5.48 .... 6.47 .... nil 4 .... 5.48 .... 6.47 .... 12.39 a.m. 5 .... 5.49 .... 6.47 .... 1.22 a.m. 6 .... 5.50 .... 6.47 .... 2.10 a.m. 7 .... 5.50 .... 6.46 .... 3.1 a.m. 8 .... 5.50 .... 6.45 .... 3.53 a.m. 9 .... 5.51 .... 6.45 .... 4.46 a.m. 10 .... 5.52 .... 6.45 .... 5.30 a.m. 11 .... 5.52 .... 6.44 .... 6.31 a.m. 12 .... 5.53 .... 6.44 .... 7.22 a.m. 13 .... 5.53 .... 6.43 .... 8.12 a.m. 14 .... 5.53 .... 6.43 .... 9.1 a.m. 15 .... 5.54 .... 6.43 .... 9.50 a.m. 16 .... 5.55 .... 6.42 .... 10.43 a.m. 17 .... 5.55 .... 6.41 .... 11.37 a.m. 18 .... 5.56 .... 6.40 .... 12.35 p.m. 19 .... 6,57 .... 6.39 .... 1.37 p.m. 20 .... 5.58 .... 6,39 .... 2.41 p.m. 21 .... 5.58 6.38 .... 3.45 p.m. 22 .... 5.59 ... 6.37 .... 4.46 p.m. 23 .... 5.59 .... 6.38 .... 5.41 p.m. 24 .... 5.59 .... 6.35 .... 6.31 p.m. 25 .... 6.0 .... 6.34 .... 7.15 p.m. 28 .... 6.0 ... 6.34 .... 7.56 p.m. 27 .... 6.1 .... 6.33 .... 8.36 p.m. 28 .... 6.1 .... 6.32 .... 9.14 p.m. 29 .... 6.1 .... 6.32 .... 9.53 p.m. PHASES OF THE MOON Feb. 2 Last Quarter .. .. 10.31 a.m. Feb. 10 New Moon ...... 1.2 p.m. Feb. 18 First Quarter .. .. 11-55 a.m. Feb. 25 Full Moon 3.16 am. MIGRANT SHIP SEIZED LONDON, February 1.— The Associated Press Jerusalem re presentative says Haganah reported that British naval forces intercepted and boarded off Palestine, a small ship carrying 200 illegal Jewish migrants. The Navy is taking the vessel to Haifa. The British United Press Jeru salem representative says the Illegal migrant ship has arrived at Haifa and the authorities are transferring the migrants for removal to Cyprus. LONDON, January 31.— The As sociated Press representative at Jerusalem says snipers and booby traps killed six Arabs in Palestine to-day bringing the death roll since the UNO partition decision to 1008. COUPON REMINDER .January 26 .to -February 8 TEA: 1-12 (1-4 . expire 22/2/48). New coupons 13-16 available 23/2/48. BUTTEr: 7-9 (expire 22/2/48). New coupons 10-12 available 23/2/48. MEAT: Red 15-18, Blue 17 and 19 (expire 22/2/48). New coupons Red 19-21, Blue 21 and 23 avail able 9/2/4B. CLOTHING: 1-50 (1947 issue); 1-56 (1948 issue). ON THE AIR MONDAY 6.30 Chimes; 6.30 Prairie Melodies; 7.00 News Service by courtesy ol 'Dally Mercury'; 7.45 Newscast; 8.00 On This Day; 9.00 "My Husband's Love"; 9.15 Famous ArUsts; 9.36 De votional Service; 10.09 "Crossroads ol Life"; 11.00 "Aunt Jenny's Real Life Stories"; 11.30 "Whispers In Tahiti"; 12.00 Populaj Music; 12.15 "Hester's Diary"; l.lfi "Nick Carter"; 1,30 Favorite Waltzes; 2.00 Ballet Music; 2.30 Light Classical Music; 3.00 Coupon Corner; 3.15 Paramount on the Air; 3.30 Housewlle's Hall Hour"; 5.00 Music from the Masters; 6.00 Popular Music; 8.30 "Danger Unlimited"; 6.45 "Martin's Corner"; 7.00 Newscast; 7.30 Cadbury's Hit Tunes; 8.00 Caitex Star Theatre; 8.30 Blng Crosby; 8.42 Piano Time Rhythm; 9.00 More Pops; 10.90 Classics in SwlngUme; 10.15 MarUal Music; 10.30 Close. COMMERCIAL WOOL CLIP ESTIMATE The National Council of Wool Selling Brokers of Australia and the Australian Woolgrowers' Council, having reviewed the esti- mate of the 1947-48 wool clip jointly made by them in July last, find that Queensland pro duction for the season will be rather less than anticipated, but the falling off in that State will be counterbalanced by increased production in other States. The over-all estimate of total Austra lian production on a greasy basis consequently remains unaltered at approximately 3,061,000 bales, Including about 100,000 bales of skin wools. AMUSEMENTS THE CIVIC: At the Civic to night is "Blue Skies" (Bing Crosby, Fred Astaire and Joan Caulfleld). "A Tale of Two Cafes" heads the supporting items, THE ROYAL: At the Royal to night is "Time Out of Mind" (Phyllis Calvert, Robert Hutton and Ella Raines) and "The Bachelor's Daughters" (Gall Rus sell, Claire Trevor and Adolphc Menjou). THE PRINCESS: "My Darling Clementine" (Henry Fondn, Linda Darnell and Victor Mature) is now screening at the Princess. Warner Baxter and Ellen Drew in "Crime Doctor's Man Hunt" Is the supporting feature. Maximum power In petrol- driven engines results when about 12 pounds of air to one pound of fuel are used; the most economi cal mixture Is 17 of air to one of fuel. .. ...j.i. local and general | Harbor Accident Soon after the arrival of the- Fort Buffalo at Mackay harbor on Saturday morning Hasson Adous (30), seaman, was caught in the wire of a winch which was being operated on board ship Both bones of his right leg were fractured. A car and bearer from Mackay Ambulance centre were summoned by telephone and the injured man, after receiving first aid attention aritF-morphine to deaden the pain, was driven to Mackay District Hospital. Temperatures Maximum and minimum tem peratures recorded in Mackay on Saturday were 88 degrees and 78 degrees respectively. Yester day's readings were approximately the same. Sunday's corroded barometer readings were: 29.856 at 9 a.m., 29.860 at' noon and 29.819 at 6 p.m. Those for Satur day were: 29.830 at 9 a.m., 29.822 at noon and. 29.767 at 6 p.m. Cane Conference Delegates from oanegrowers'. district executives in sugar areas north of- Townsville will meet in conference at Innlsfail to-day to discuss industrial and other problems relating to the harvest ing of the 1948 sugarcane crop. It is expected the threatened shortage of labor will be one of the chief subjects on the agenda. Herbert River canegrowers will be represented at the conference by Messrs. E. L. Burke and R. V. Pearson. Coast Highway Mr. F. D. Graham, MLA, ad vises that the Main Roads Com- mlsslor has been authorised to construct a length of the Mackay- Bowen section of northern high way No. 8, in the Shire of Pioneer. The proposed work will commence at Noorfah and extend southward for approximately 1.9 miles. The road forms pait of the Coastal Highway between Rockhampton and Townsville. The construc tion of this section is essential to enable through traffic to use this route This part of the road also serves cane growing areas in the O'Connell River valley. The scheme, which is estimated to cost £11,624, will be carried out under State Highway terms. Mackay Shipping Fort Buffalo (10,000 .tons) ar rived at Mackay early on Satur day morning, and is now loading sugar for Melbourne. Vancouver City, on the inner side of the outer sugar storage shed, is still taking in sugar cargo for Britain. On her voyage out she took a coal cargo from Holland to a north ern Italian port, then transported a large cargo of salt to Nagoya, Japan, before coming to Mackay via Cairns. She will return to Britain via the Panama Canal. Seamen Like Mackay British seamen in the Van couver City yesterday commented on the trim appearance of Mac kay city and Its well laid out streets. Those who saw it for the first time were pleasantly , sur prised. The climate, too, was a welcome change for the crew, after the winter's cold of Japan. The men said they would have liked a better transport service to the city, as they wished to buy things which were plentiful here —mostly foodstuffs — but which were scarce indeed at home in England and Scotland. They thought an hourly bus service would be a boon to merchant sea men visiting the port. The ship has a good soccer team and its crew would have welcomed an opportunity of fielding an eleven against a local cricket team. Yes terday some of the soccer en thusiasts had a little practice alongside the ship, when the tide was at Its height in the after noon. Twice in half an hour the ball went into the water, between the ship and the pier, and most of the time was spent retrieving it. Gammexane v Grub As evidence of the popularity- of gammexane for the control of the grub of the greyback cane Settle, more than 120 tons of the 10 per cent dust (containing 1.3 per cent of the active constituent) were ordered for application to North Queensland caneflelds in 1947. Mr. R. W. Mungomery, officer in charge of the division of entomology and pathology, in the 1947 report of the Bureau of Experiment Stations, indicates that use of the new insecticide is likely to supplant entirely the carbon dlsulphlde method of fumigation formerly adopted. He states that the rate of application recommended is 1001b of 10 per cent dust, put in as a drill dress ing and worked into the soil one or two months before the antici pated bettle flight. Treatment costs would work out at about £5 an acre, compared with about £10 an acre for carbon bisulphide fumigation. Since Mr. Mungom ery prepared his report, it has been suggested gammexane might be mixed with fertiliser for appli cation. This plan, if adopted, would still further reduce treat ment' costs. Mackay has been comparatively free from "grey- back" infection in the past two years. Sugar Sacks Arrive According to a Townsville mes sage there should not be any shortage of sacks when northern sugar mills commence the 1948 crushing season. The steamer. Charles Dickens, which berthed at Townsville during the week-end had 1500 tons of sugar sacks, and other Jute products for discharge here. Nurses' Uniforms Mackay District Hospital nurses are likely to receive uniforms at some not far distant date, if the wishes of the hospitals board, ex pressed at its last meeting, are carried out. Mr. G. Moody told members the suggestion of some distinguishing uniform, to be supplied for nurses, had come be fore the board years ago. He remarked that in the hospital at present there was no means of distinguishing between nurses, wardsmen. or friends of patients, by the clothing they wore. In other hospitals, there was gen erally a provision for nurses' uni forms, he said. Thfe chairman of the board (Mr. C. S. Tait) con curred, and the board resolved to take action accordingly. Our Thoroughfares Some patching of city street surfaces has been in progress during the past few days— a daub of bitumen here and there and a sprinkling of screenings. Sev eral Mackay citizens on Satur day were asked what they thought of the procedure. One or two said it looked all right. They were accustomed to walking on the pavements, or taking an occasional bus ride. Private motorists said the streets at best were "not too good on tyres." Cyclists thought the surface was a great improvement; the streets could be worse. But a visitor who has had experience of roads and streets in the Southern States and abroad said the city's main streets for the most part were "bumpy, uneven, never properly formed, and treated like a patch work auilt. with the patches in three dimensions." He supposed Mackay had been so long accus tomed to this type of surface that it was taken for granted, but suggested it would be a real im provement if instead of patching them periodically, the city's streets were torn up in sections and remade. Ambulance Attention Falling on a scythe blade yes terday, Fred Carvolth (13), of Milton-street, cut the back of his right thigh. After receiving first aid at ambulance headquarters he was advised to obtain medical attention. Lynette Wells (3), of Outer Har bor, who ran into a car yesterday, was lucky to escape with a minor injury to the right foot. With her mother, she attended the ambulance centre, where officers were unable to find «ny other in jury. Alan Talt (17), of Evans-street, who cut his right heel on a broken bottle when pushing a boat into the river yesterday, had the wound dressed at the ambulance centre and was taken by car to the District Hospital. Mr. George Hunt, of Donald son-street. a linesman employed by the PMC's department, had his right thumb punctured by the barb of a stingray yesterday. The wound was dressed at the ambulance centre. Said to have swallowed some kerosene. Cherrol Pask, a child of 19 months, resident in Milton- street, was driven by Mackay ambulance car to a private hospi tal on Saturday, with symptoms of Dolsoning. Mr. Ray Waddlngton, carpenter, of Palmer-street, severely injured his right index finger when his hand caught in a cycle chain on Saturday. The injury was treated at Mackay ambulance centre and he was advised to con sult a doctor. Margaret Hocklngs (8), of Bridge-road, fell from a gate post on Saturday and injured her left elbow. Mackay ambulance centre rendered first aid and she was driven to a city surgery, Mr. George Symons, of Eimeo, who was kicked by a bull and sustained an injury to the left leg. received first aid at Mackay ambulance centre on Saturday. Mr. Bruce Baker, timekeeper employed by the Main Roads Commission, who injured his head when he fell downstairs on Saturday, obtained first aid treat ment at Mackay ambulance centre and was given transport to the District Hospital. iPeioml | Miss Pat Dowde. of Brisbane, is holidaying with her aunt, Mrs. J. O'Brien, senr., of Shakespeare- street, Master John Ballev. Wood- street, has returned after having spent his school holidays in Bris bane. k Eunice and Keith Comrle have returned to Bowen after three weeks with their grandmother, Mrs. W. Weight, 44 Mary-street, Mackny. Mr E. Evans, MLA for Mlranl, leaves to-day by air for Brisbane on parliamentary business, and will return to Mackny at the week-end 19 DEAD IN TWO PLANE CRASHES LONDON, January 31. — The Air Ministry states seven were killed and three injured in the Lancaster crash at istres. The Ministry stated all were members of the crew. There were no troops- aboard. The plane crashed into a partly- demolished hangar and burst into flames. The plane's captain radioed be fore the crash that one engine was unserviceable and he was returning to Istres. DAKOTA WRECK Reuter's Wiesbaden representa tive says rescuers found, dead, three American women and their five children and the crew of four in the wreckage of the Dakota which crashed near Digne on a flight from Istres to Udlne. The bodies were taken to the village oi Chateau Gamier. MACKAY RSL MEMORIAL BURSARY Results of the Mackay RSL Memorial Bursary, which is based on the State Scholarship exami nation results, show that in the boys' section the winner was Rob- ert James M Aleeso, a pupil ol the Mackay Intermediate School, who gained a percentage of 88. He is a son of Mr. Robert M'Alcese, of Schaefer-street, who served overseas with the 2nd Light Horse Regiment in the first AIF. The winner Is continuing his stud ies at the Mackay High School in commercial sub-Junior. In the girls' section, the winner was Lesley Lornn Bnrbnt, also a pupil of Mackny Intermediate School, who obtained 79.2 per cent, and Is tho daughter of Mis. Audrey Bnrbat, of Nebo-road, and of tho late Les. Bnrbat, who served in the first AIF with the 2nd Pioneer Battalion. Lesley will also, continue her studies at the Mackay High School. Each bursary Is valued at £20, payable in half-yearly instal ments for two years, on receipt of school progress reports. BOWEN GIRLS WORKING WAY FOR A HOME SYDNEY, Sunday. —Three Queensland girls, all sisters, in the lasf six years have' travelled in stages from Bowen ) to Sydney looking for a home v which they can share with V their mother. This week they made news by offering help to relieve the re ported labor shortage in Adelaide, if a home could be found for them. Miss D. Cox (26), of Regent's Park, said she and her two sis ters. aged 24 and 22, were three willing workers that Adelaide could nave "if we can get a home." MOTHER IN FROSERPINE She added: ' "We came from Bowen about six years ago. We moved to Mackay, Rockhampton, Brisbane and Sydney looking for a place where Mum could live with us. "She's in Proserpine now, mov ing from one relation to another. "We have plenty of references and always work together. We have worked in munition factories, spinning mills and an aluminium factory, a food-packing factory and at canteens. "We earned £4/12/ each, plus extra at piece-work rates, pack ing food," she added. RAVENSWOOD DUMPSTO BE WORKED TOWNSVILLE, Sunday. — Work on the old mine dumps at Ravenswood Is expected to be Btarted soon. Recently the Gibson Concen trating Mining Company of Syd ney became interested in the dumps. The Chairman of Di rectors of the company (Mr. E. H. Gundry) and the company's con sulting engineer (Mr. G. Tres- trall) have visited Ravenswood, and the result of the visit is that a 6ix months' option has been secured over the dumps, . esti mated at 160,000 tons. The company proposes to send a mobile crushing and oil flotation plant to the field to treat the dumps. The plant is stated to have a capacity of three to five tons an hour, and is expected to reach here in about a month's time. Moscow Targets IONDON, January 31.— Renter's Moscow repre sentative says that the Finance Minister (Mr. Zverev), submitting the Budget report to the session of the Supreme Soviet, said that expendi ture of £3,000,000,000 on the armed forces in 1948, which is the third part of the Five Year Plan, would be £114,000,000 below the 1947 total. Gross produc tion in, 1947 had exceeded ,, the target by 10.5 per cent. OIL PERMITS EXTENDED I ROMA MELBOURNE, Sunday. — Roma Blocks, Kaiimna Aus. tralian Oil Development and Roma North have had their petroleum prospecting per. vmlts in Queensland increased from 13,500 acres to cover 6,400,000 acres, which will em. brace all major oil discoveries in the Roma district. These companies report having drilled since 1929 four wells to bedrock, which is approximately 4000 feet. High grade oil and petroliferous gas, they state, have been pro duced. In October last the Common wealth Government's geophysic- ists started operations on a com bined companies area of 10,000 square miles and by the end of December last completed a pre liminary gravity survey. Investigations are now taking place as to the results of this work; which will determine the next step or the technique to be adopted by the geophysicists. MINERS' CENTRAL COUNCIL MEETING Blair Athol May Come Under Fire SYDNEY, Sunday.— Important decisions, affecting coal produc tion this year, are expected at a meeting this week of the Central Council of the Miners' Federation. The council will discuss the federation's policy on the Queens land Government's plan for the Blair Athol coalfields and a cam paign to ensure that Queensland coal is brought under the control of the Joint Coal Board. Other matters to be discussed will be the export of Queensland coal to Hong Kong, amenities and mechanisation. FARMS RAVAGED BY WILD DOGS BRISBANE. Sunday. — Wild dogs and dingoes were ravag ing farms In the VVatalgan district, 27 miles north of Bundaberg, local residents claimed to-day They claimed the dingoes, which were being joined by tame dogs, were raiding fowl houses and at tacking young cattle. The local statlonmlstress, Mrs. Clayton, said dogs come into the station at night and drag off meat that is stored there. She says that tame dogs gone bush are wilder than the dingoes. "We have done nothing much about them yet, but we intend to ask the council at Bundaberg to help us/" The phrase "losing a 'ship' for a hap'orth of tar" does not apply to a ship at all. It refers to sheep, which word Is generally pro nounced "ship" by rustics. The reference is to marking a sheep with its owner's initials in hoi tar. To lose n sheep through Us not being thus marked is losing it for the want of a hap'orth of tar. OXFORD MAN HAD ' FOUR YEARS' POW LIFE IN JAPAN 'JHE first spate of books from exchanged diplomats and released prisoners of war who had suffered at the hand of the Japanese dealt almost entirely with. suffering and horror. Little else could have been - expected from men emerging from their ordeal. It has been left for a New Zealander, Mr. James Bertram, Hp wait until he got the true perspective on what he Had undergone as a prisoner of war before he started writing. The result is that he Is respon sible for one of the best books to come from the pen of the men who survived nearly four years of hardship. Mr. Bertram was well fitted to tell the story he set out. He spent the middle thirties in China and Japan, with the result that "The Shadow of a War" (Gollancz, Lon don) gives a first-rate picture of the East before Pearl Harbor, and more important still, a scholarly review of Japan since the surren der. Neither the author nor his pub lisher considers it important enough to give Mr. Bertram much background, although we are told on the dust-jacket that he is an "Internationalist" and an Oxford man. CHOSE CHINA'S WAR The book opens with the author on his way back to China as the war clouds were gathering in 1939 —a few years earlier, he "chose China's war," and seems to have been working with his fellow- countryman, Rewl Alley, with his great vision of a democratic war time industry for all China. Bertram resumed work in 1939 with the China Defence League, which was a non-partisan body formed "to act as a liaison . be tween the needs of the Chinese people and the supplies, whether of cash or materials, contributed to their relief by foreign affiliated organisations." The league, backed seemingly by many liberal-minded Chinese, paid chief interest to the guerilla re gions, the most neglected of all in the Slno-Japanese war of the late thirties. In his second chapter the writer reveals himself a close asso ciate of Madame Sun Yat-sen, the second and best-loved of the leg endary Socng sisters. Bertram claims she "Is China, by some quality ol inner serenity and fine ness of spirit, by her steadfastness and loyalty not merely to her dead husband's memory, but to his rev olutionary ideas . . . she sums up more of the qualities and destiny of her own people than any other figure in the Chinese scene." The outbreak of the European war found Bertram in Sian, in the remote sierras of Western China, where he had travelled with a convoy of supplies. The news left him with one over whelming Impulse, to return to New Zealand as fast as boat and plane could take him, an impulse he finds hard to explain. ' AUSTRALIA IN 1939 His trip home took him through Australia in October, 1939, and his comments on our political scene at the time make interesting reading. It is a chapter that Mr. Mpnzles might find embarrassing to-day his Government's naked and un ashamed appeasement policy with Japan; his statement, when re minded of a former alliance with Japan, that "a real friendship of understanding and not merely of words is of the highest import ance." Mr. Menzles went on to castigate as war-mongers thpse people who in 1939 found points of difference with Japan. Bert ram found it disconcerting. The author finds space in this intensely interesting book to trace the history of the New Zealand Labor movement, and its reactions to both world wars. Frustrated in his hunt for a job suitable to his talents, he decided to return to China to resume work with tho China Defence League. To him, at least, in 1940 Japan was the enemy. TAKEN IN HONG KONG The New Year of 1941 found the author acting as press at tache to the British Embassy in Chungking under Sir Alexander Clark Kerr, one of the great Eng lishmen or his generation, who was destined, later as Lord Inver- ohapel, to win fame in Russia and in Indonesia. A trip to Rangoon and back over the Burma Road was sand wiched into the remainder of that year before Bertram returned to his own job in Hong Kong, in time to Join the volunteers, and be caught in the holocaust that over whelmed the helpless colony. He gives a brief but gripping account of the short-lived siege which he spent as a gunner in Fort Stanley with his battery. Christmas day was his "day of battle,' and after some action, came the surrender, a blow to men who thought they were expected to fight it out. "Overnight we turned from men with a purpose into figures of ridicule. We had coached our selves for tragedy, and now we got this shabby farce." Then came nearly four years in Japanese prisoner-of-war, camps, and about two-fifths of the whole book make one of the most thrill ing first-hand stories readers have , yet had from a prisoner's view point. Bertram is a good writer; by now he has revealed himself as a former London 'Times' man, and ' his training stands him in great stead in his dispassionate and ob jective story of these yeare. He writes:— PRISONER OF JAPANESE "We need to remember what happened in Japanese prison camps! But we need more to re member more why it happened, and what the military-FasciBt set up did to unspoilt young Japan- . ese peasants and fishermen, as- well as to the victims war threw / their way. For only if this lesson is learnt thoroughly will it ever be possible to build up a decent " Japan." y In the winter of 1943 he was' transferred from Hong ' Kong v" camp to Tokio, where conditions were infinitely worse. Fortunately for himself he was a person of special importance to - the Japanese, and was soon trans ferred. They had discovered that he was a writer and broadcaster, and tried to persuade, bribe and threaten him into doing propa ganda work for them. When he persisted in refusal he was sent to Omuri, on the city's outskirts, and found himself amongst the "undesirables," the > trouble makers and lncorrigibles of all the services, who had been segregated by their own officers, and it was amongst these people that Bertram spent tho last eight een months of his captivity. It was a queer fate for an Ox ford man, but he found his com pany and his work there had its compensations. In the Shiodome railway yards he was able to see something of the life of the ordin ary Japanese people. OFFICERS CRITICISED Without doubt this book con tains an excellent description of life as a P.O.W. of the Japanese. The author does not Bpare either British or American feelings , in what he has to say, and offloers of both nations come out of it In . a very bad light. The Japanese system Of not segregating officers from the men. was doubtless designed to cause some such trouble, but Bertram, as a private and a worker, has little time for the behavior of most / officers, in captivity, ' The author was repatriated to New Zealand, but 1948 found him back in Japan as a special advisee to the Far Eastern Advisory Com- ' mission. These last few chapters, written by a -skilled observer, are,, possibly the most interesting in ap important and excellent book, v Bertram shrewdly comments on American policy, General Mac-. , Arthur, and ' the ' prospects of bringing democracy to defeated' Japan. He gives the best summary to date of occupation policy, and how far it is being carried out. He ends his book in Shanghai in a China torn by civil war, a China where Chiang Kai-shek received more arms and funds from the United States to fight a civil war , In the first year after V-J day .5 than were made available to tho Chinese Government in all its years of conflict with Japan. — By arrangement with "The Age,' Mel bourne. K With Modern Lathes we are able to execute v? a "On The Spot" all classes of Precision Turn- a ing and General Lathe Work. Q X WHETHER THE JOB IS TO REPAIR AN OLD g $ PART OR MAKE A NEW ONE— ? jL | FIELDS CAN DO IT. 1 FIELDS PTY. LTD. F | MOTOR DEPARTMENT 1 J WOOD STREET MAOKAY | 'TYGMALION" ON TELEVISION LONDON (A.P.).— The British Broadcasting Corporation is pre paring its most ambitious tele vision program— a studio produc tion of George Bernard Shaw's famous play, "Pygmalion." The screening time will be almost three hours— the longest single program yet televised here. Bri tish movie actress, Margaret Lockwood. will star in the rue of Eliza Doolittle in the production, which is scheduled for Feb ruary 8.
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