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Daily Mercury (Mackay, QLD)
Publication:Jan 31 1948
 Mackay, Queensland, Australia
Daily Mercury (Mackay, QLD) - Jan 31 1948
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I Cooking Margarine v V : AVAILABLB AT < C. C. S. : I „ V Price: 1/5 lb. ' fl' GANDHI ASSASSINATED ON WAY TO PRAYER GROUND SHOT FOUR TIMES BY YOUNG HINDU ARMED WITH REVOLVER JEW DELHI, January 30. — Mr. Gandhi was critically injured and died shortly afterwards when he was shot four . times while walking to his prayer ground to-day The assailant : fired, from close range, the assassination occurring shortly after 5 p.m. THE ASSASSIN WAS A YOUNG MAN, WHO USED A REVOLVER. HE WAS SEIZED BY THE POLICE AND IS DESCRIBED AS A CIVILIAN HINDU FROM POONA. DOCTORS RUSHED GANDHI TO THE BIRLA HOUSE, WHERE HE, UNDERTOOK HIS RECENT FAST, AND HE DIED THERE. A member of Gandhi's entourage announced to the silent crowd at 5.56 p.m., "Kabui (father) is -finished." The young mam said to be .between 30 and 38, fired from . 4he hip. .It, took place so suddenly, that nobody realised what had hap pened.. Blood showed on Gandhi's white cotton dhoti from neck to abdomen. Women devotees collapsed or tried to shield Gandhi In their arms. j Members of the crowd over powered the assailant and held hint fo.- a few seconds until the police took charge. NEHRU PRESENT When Gandhi collapsed his granddaughters, Ava, Abd, and Manu, started crying. Manu, when he died, read from a sacred book over the body. The Premier of India (Pandit 'Nehru) stood on one side, alone and whitefaced. . . The BBD, in a bulletin at 1 p.is. GMT. 'announced that its corres pondent, R. Simpson, was 10 yards from Gandhi when the shots were fired. Simpson reported: "The shots fired at Gandhi sounded like fire crackers. "Gandhi fell back and some of his entourage Immediately grap pled with a heavy set man in a khaki coat. Some of Gandhi's followers picked Gandhi up and 'l carried him into the Blrla house. "The crowd of nearly 500 set up a terrible cry of grief. Men and women wept and beat their breasts." Simpson added that Gandhi was a few minutes late for the meeting, but walked across the lawn from the Blra house look ing healthier and sprlghtller than since his recent fast. RIOTING STARTS The British United Press Bom bay correspondent says rioting broke out in Bombay when news , of Gandhi's death was received. The name of Gandhi's assassin is Naturam. He turned the re volver on himself after firing on Gandhi, but the shot only grazed his forehead. A state of extreme tension exists. GANDHI'S CAREER Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869. After an early education in India he finished his schooling in Lon don and was called to tne Bar at the age of 20. For the ensuing 17 years he practised as a barrister and at-, torney in South Africa. He relin quished a lucrative practice there to work for the benefit of Indian settlers coming to the Union. In this connection he led the passive resistance campaign, the outcome, of which was a personal settlement with General Smuts in 1914. Returning to India during World War I. he initiated the Satyagrahra movement and was connected with the non-co-opera tion campaign of 1920. After inaugurating a campaign for A breach of the salt laws he was interned on May 5, 1930, and subsequently released early in the next'year. His series of conversations with the Viceroy and British Govern ment officials led to the signing of the Delhi Pact in 1931. In the same year Gandhi was a delegate to the second Round Table con ference. FAST IN GAOL During another period of in ternment in 1932 ne went on a week's fast while in gaol, which resulted in the alteration of the Premier's award in favor of the untouchable caste. This was followed by another three weeks' fast for the benefit of tho untouchables and he was again released. A further period of imprison ment Was cut shonfe by another fast, in which he .was resolved to get adequate facilities to carry on his work for the untouchables, behind bars. He retired from active leader ship of the Indian National Con gress in 1934, beginning the most significant phase of his life, where, from, the comparative VICTIM' MR. GANDHI, victim of assassination, at the age of 78. anonymity of a recluse, he direc ted the destinies and policies of his millions of followers. From the obscure village of Sevagram, his field headquarters for rural reconstruction activities, he continued to guide the policy of Congress ministers. A widespread campaign under the Satyagrahra code, for freedom of speech and writing and action in war time, was suspends' iylth his consent in 1942. He played a leading role in the political agitations leading up to the British withdrawal from India and since, by fast and pronounce ment, has revealed his tremen dous power in quelling what had been considered critical race riots within a matter of days. ALP INDUSTRIAL GROUPS MELBOURNE, Friday.— A spe cial meeting of the central execu- I tive of the Australian Labor party " on Sunday will discuss the posi tion of ALP industrial groups In the trade unions. Opposition to the groups has been intensified in recent months by action against two union of- .flclals on charges of having op- posed group candidates in trade union elections. The Australian Leather and Al lied Trades Employees' Federa tion, which Is affiliated with the ALP, will ask the Easter confer ence of the State branch of the ALP to recommend the disband- ment of industrial groups. U.N. COMMISSION AGREES TO JEWISH MILITIA IN PALESTINE LAKE SUCCESS, January 29. — The United Nations Palestine Commission agreed to-night to help organise im mediately a Jewish controlled militia in the Holy Land. It derided to accept the Jewish Agency offer to take the lead In forming such a force, which will back up the partition plan. . The commission agreed also to 1 co-operaie with Palestine Arabs if they offered to establish a militia in the proposed new Arab coun try. Senator Vincent Francisco, the Philippines delegate, was directed to begin negotiations immedi ately with the British authorities on problems connected with organ ising the Jewish controlled militia. The Jewish Agency suggested a force ot 30,000 to 35,000 men, which it is proposed to form be tween now and the termination of ths British mandate, tenta tively scheduled for May 16. Informed quarters said Fran cisco would take up at least two major points here with the Brit ish delegate (Sir Alexander Cadogan), first, whether the Brit ish would permit the shipment of weapons into Palestine for the militia's use. The commission is discussing to morrow the question' of whether an international army should be formed for Palestine. This would be in addition to the Jewish mil itia. POLICEMEN SHOT The British United Press Jeru salem correspondent snys Stern gang gunmen shot two British policemen in the back while they were walking along the street. The shots killed one policeman and wounded the other, who died later. El Kaukji, "commander-in- chlet of the Arab forces In Pales tine," warned his men to be pre pared to meet about 42,000 armed Jews. CONVAIR DEAL WAS BAD BARGAIN FOR TAA! |||ELBOURNE, Friday. — The Convair air liner, five of which are being brought to Australia in the next few months, has insufficient range to allow it to fly between capital cities in Australia. The Convairs were bought In America by the Australian Government in December, 1946, at a cost of 1,500,000 dol lars for the main inter.city air services of Trans.Australia Airlines. The first Convair is due to be delivered in March. TAA to-day confirmed a report that the maxi mum range of the Convair liner was only BOO miles, but the De- Jiartment of Civil Aviation regu- atlons rule that to fly between capital cities an aircraft must have sufficient endurance to fly from its destination to an alter native airport and then to carry on for one hour at its normal cruising speed— a total minimum distance between Australian capi tal cities of 1000 miles. CONFIDENTIAL REPORT These facts have been made clear to the Department of Civil Aviation and TAA in a confiden tial report on the Convair's .per formance sent from the offices of the British Overseas Corporation in London. The report suggests that the Convair aircraft as pur. chased by the Government for TAA are unsuitable for Australian distances and will certainly not be able to carry the maximum load. Despite the Implications of the report, it is understood that TAA has been ordered to continue with the purchase, for political reasons. To bring these aircraft from America to Australia via the Paci fic, TAA will have to pay for them to be fitted with four extra petrol tanks, each holding 2000 gallons of aviation spirit, to en able them to make the long hops across. Faced with these difficulties and the increased dollar ex. pendlture involved, TAA is now considering bringing the planes to Australia via Eng. land. Since the official announcement of the capabilities of the Convair liner in American trade magazines early last year, aviation experts in Melbourne have been question ing the purchase ot these aircraft. COMMISSION PURCHASE One of the most surprising things about the deal, experts say, is that the aircraft were pur chased by the National Airlines Commission for TAA before any like machines were operating on commercial services and before a certificate of airworthiness for the type had been issued, The aircraft were bought by the chairman of the National Airlines Commission (Mr. Coles) while on a tour of air craft manufacturing plants in the United States. A private airline operator in Melbourne commented to-night "This is what happens when a politician buys aeroplanes. It will be interesting to watch TAA try to make the Convairs pay." STATEMENT DENIED The chairman of the National Airlines Commission (Mr. Coles) to-night denied that the range of the Convairs he had purchased for the Government was only 800 miles. "They have an effective range of up to 1100 miles," he said, "and can do 1450 with a light load. Somebody must have got their figures wrong." DELAYS TO HOUSING Transportation Main Trouble MELBOURNE, Frid ay .—Trans portation and not supply was now delaying the completion of homes In all States, the Director of In dustrial Development (Mr. H. P. Brcen) said to-dav. Mr. Breen was addressing a conference of Commonwealth and State building authorities and said that the distribution of steel pro- duets for State housing programs was affected by lack of shipping shortage of waterfront labor and the slow turn nround of ships in Australian ports. The supply position had Im proved and the outlook for the year was promising, but if trans port problems could not be over come it would be difficult to at tain an equitable distribution of housing materials among the States. INJECTION IS I SECRET OF CANCER CURE ' SYDNEY/ Friday. — The vital secret in the Brannd treatment of cancer is the substance injected into the bloodstream near the site of the growth, said a cancer specialist who has studied the treatment, This substance, according to Mr. J. Braund, the 78.year.old resident of Beverly Hills, who has attracted widespread at. tention to his methods, is ridiculously cheap and so simple that people would hardly believe it. He stated to-day that for half a century he has maintained that the source of all malignant growths is in the bloodstream. He sets out to purify the blood and promote correct circulation. As a preliminary to his treat ment patients spend hours with their feet in salt water and sub mit to strenuous massage. The specialist said to-day that the substance, injected in or near the site of the growth, appeared to be attracted to the cancer cells and destroyed them. It destroyed only cancer cells, leaving the healthy tissues unharmed. CANCER EJECTED Apparently the good flesh and the healthy cells then ejected the dead cancer, as they did with any foreign bodies. Mr. Braund at this stage ap plied a powerful ointment, and the cancerous growth, .about a week after it broke the surface, lies in the wound attached only by a few fibrous threads. It is then removed with a pair of or dinary pliers. The cancer specialist added there was nothing in Mr. Braund's methods wheh ran counter to or thodox medical opinion. NEW HOPE TO U.S. NEW YORK, January 29.— The Assdciated Press says the John Braund cancer treatment, which the New South Wales Govern ment has offered to test officially, comes at a time when many doc tors believe they are on the verge of something new. Their new hope is shown by the number of under-cover cancer ex periments now proceeding. All in volve the use of drugs instead of surgery and X-rays. Among the new drugs are a de rivative of folic acid, the vitamin which cures various kinds of anaemia, a form of sugar, which is a poly-saccharide made from a substance known as Coley's fluid, and spleen extract. Drug-surgery removals of can cers similar to Braund's have been tried in the United States for years in the form of reducing the size of cancers. However, the reduction treatment is still under experiment. WILL BAN DUTCH WATERS1DERS' ULTIMATUM SYDNEY, Friday.— Water side workers announced to-day that if Dutch cargo ships re sumed the Singapore-Austra lia run in March they would be boycotted. The assistant Federal secretary of the Waterside Workers' Federa tion (Mr. E. Roach) said that the waterside workers' ban on the Dutch shipping still operated. The only Dutch ships exempted were five specified ships of the Holland-Australia Line, trading on the Australia, India, Europe run. "A conference of Federal unions lifted the ban on five ships be cause of the economic importance of cargoes from Europe and India," said Mr. Roach. "Until the conference of the Federal unions, lifts or modifies the ban, no other Dutch ship will be worked in Australian ports. LABOR DISREGARDED "The announcement that a number of ships are going to trade between Singapore and various ports in Australia is typi cal of the methods always adopted by the Dutch in disregarding the existence of » the labor movement in this country. "Unless the labor movement de cides that these ships will' be worked the Dutch can rest as sured, that they wtll suffer the same fate now. as was the case previously " ' Desperate Desire For Death GLENDALE, California, January 29. — Mrs. Gertrude Mildred Nordenson (44) to day used almost every means available in her home to sui cide and finally burned her self to death. Police said she had: (1) Cut her wrists with a butcher kniie. (2) Slashed herself with a razor. (3) Tried to hang herself In the bathroom with a leather belt, at tached to the shower. (4) Tried electrocution by In serting a pair of tweezers in a wall switch. (5) Failing all those attempts, doused herself with cleaning sol vent and laid on a heating pad, which ignited her clothes. An autopsy is being conducted to determine if she also took poison. "IN THE SERVICE OF POLAND" Semi-Military Youth Organisation LONDON, January 30. — The Polish Parliament has passed a bill introducing compulsory physi cal and military training for all Poles, male and femnle, between the ages of 16 and 21. in an all- embracing State-controlled youth organisation, to be known as "In the Service of Poland," says 'The Times' Warsaw representative. "The training will last six months and special army instructors will supervise the military part. Persons between 21 and 30 who have not previously done any military service must also join the new organisation. Timber Man Suspicious Of New Guinea Lease Deal SYDNEY, Friday.— George Henry Forshaw, logging manager of Han cock and Gore Ltd., a Brisbane timber firm, told the Special Federal Court to-day that after a time he became very suspicious of negotiations for the sale of certain timber concessions in New Guinea to his firm. He also said a letter written to the External Territories Minister (Mr. E. J. Ward) and sent to "Jock" Garden had been altered, reference to a pay ment by Hancock and Gore for a timber concession in New Guinea having been removed. Forshaw was giving evidence In the case against John Smith (Jock) Garden, now in its seventh day. Resuming his. evidence Forshaw said he went to New Guinea again with Roy Hancock to inspect some timber. They were forced down in the Waria valley and '.hey saw a stand of pine. He asked the pilot to make a plan of it. In September, 1946, he saw Gar den and Edward Farrell in Gar den's office in Sydney and said that if there was to be an alter native proposition to the Bulole Valley, he thought the timber in the Waria Valley was comparable. A few days later Farrell came to Brisbane and said the Minister would approve of the alternative proposition. Forshaw said he told Farrell the company could not proceed until it had more definite assurances, and he asked Farrell to arrange an interview with Ward. On November 8, 1947. he went to Sydney and was introduced to the Minister by Garden. Ward said immediately: "Bulolo is out." He replied: "It would not be that easy for Parer." After a short silence he pro duced a man of the Waria Valley and discussed the alternative pro posal. Forshaw said Ward spoke about a stand of timber in New Britain and other parts of the mandated territory, and then asked him- to nut his ideas on paper, to be de livered to him by Wednesday. Ward asked him to address the letter to Garden. Ward said M'Adam, a New Guinea forestry officer, would be in Canberra by Wednesday, and he wanted him to consider his Ideas. Forshaw said after the inter view he returned to Garden's office, where he spoke to Farrell. Farrell asked him how things were going, and he told him exactly what had taken place with Ward, Garden said he thought it would be all right, added Forshaw. He (Forshaw) said: "It will ' want to be all right You can't fool around with £50,000 or you will finish up in gaol." On December 6, 1947, he re turned to Sydney again and saw the Minister in the presence of M'Adam, the forestry official, and Garden During the conversation M'Adam said he thought Waria Valley was not a commercial proposition, and Ward said: "I think you had better leave that to the people who are spending their money." ROYALTY QUESTION M'Adam asked what he was pre pared to pay in royalties on this timber, Forshaw added. He re plied: "At the present time I am not in a . position to say what royalty is paid.'' Ward then turned to Garden and said: '.'What do you want, Jock?" "YOU KNOW WHAT I WANT" Garden said: "You know what I want, I have wanted it- for three years. I don't want it next week ' or next month. I want it now. It is the same as last week and the week before. We will get no finality at- all.". Forshaw' said Ward replied: "Don't be .silly, .Jock." After the . '. interview Farrell asked him how he had got on and he replied: "It smells." Garden said: "I think it will be all right." Forshaw said fie asked M'Adam what was Garden's position in the Government and M'Adam replied: "I don't know." NO LICENCE He asked M'Adam if Ray Parer had a licence for Bulolo Valley and M'Adam said Parer had no licence, nor was he likely to get one. Later he told Garden what M'Adam had said about Parer's licence and Garden said: "That is what he thinks." He told Garden that he wanted word by Thursday, or he would see the Minister again. Forshaw said he had received no word by Thursday and on Sunday night Garden rang him and said he was surprised he had no word from the Minister. Garden said he would attend to it first thing on Monday morning. He said it was too late .then, as he was going to Sydney to see the Minister. , LETTER ALTERED Shown the letter he had writ ten to the Minister and had ad dressed in an envelope to Garden, Forshaw said the third page of the letter had been altered and a new signature put on it. It was not his signature. His name on the letter was spelt "Forshawe." All matters relating to Ray Parer and the fact that Han. cock and Gore had paid money for Parer's concession had been deleted from the let ter, he added. To Mr. Simon Isaacs, for Gar den, Forshaw said he never told Ward that he was a timber ex pert representing Ray Parer. He had never mentioned Hancock and Gore in anv of the interviews with the Minister. Parer was never mentioned in connection with the firm of Hancock and Gore at anv stage. (Ward said in evidence earlier that he thought Forshaw was a timber expert representing Ray Parer.) Forshaw told Mr. Isaacs that Parer had told him that he had seen Ward personally in connec tion with his application to fiy Into New Guinea. Garden or Farrell had told him that .Ward had . personally, -pro mised to facilitate permits to en able him to go to New Guinea, said Forshaw. Mr. Isaacs: At some stage dur ing your trip to New Guinea with Parer did you say that he was a lucky fellow to have such- a con cession? Forshaw: I certainly did. Mr. Isaacs: Did he tell you he got It from Ward? Forshaw:' I cannot recall that actually. We accepted the fact that he had been granted a con cession. Mr. Isaacs: You had been told by Farrell that Parer's applica tion was favorably viewed by the Government because of Parer's war reord and service in New Guinea? Forshaw: Yes. Forshaw said he could not re call Farrell saying late in 1946 that he would arrange for Roy Hancock to see the Minister per sonally. He did not hear anything from M'Adamr after Cavanagh, a forestry official, had cabled M'Adam about the purported ap proval of Parer's application. If there had been anything seri ously wrong, . he would expect M'Adam to notify him immedi ately, TENDERS Mr. Isaacs: At the interview you had with Ward, did Ward say : "Even if you picked on Lae it would have to be advertised and public tenders called for"? Forsbaw: I don't remember those words, but public tenders were mentioned. Mr. Isaacs: Did Ward say that the Government had decided that public tenders should be called? Forshaw: I don't recall that. Mr. Isaacs: If something like that had been said, you would have remembered it? Forshaw: Yes. Mr. Isaacs: You would not be Interested in public tenders for Waria Valley? Forshaw: Not in the least. > Forshaw was still in the witness box when the hearing was ad journed until Monday. FOOD TALKS TO EMBRACE NTH. AUSTRALIA CANBERRA, Friday. — Members of the British Food Mission will confer with the North Australian. Development Committee in Melbourne as soon as possible on expansion of agricultural production in Northern Australia, said the Minister for the Interior (Mr. H. V. Johnson) to-day Speeding up of beef pro duction would be discussed, in addition to new projects. The committee was estab lished to consider methods of developing Australia's vast northern interior. It comprises two Commonwealth officials, Mr. J. A. Carrodus and Dr. A. Richardson, with Messrs. J. R. Kemp and T. W. Morely re presenting the Queensland Gov ernment, and Messrs, R. J. Dumas and W. A. Leslie, the West Aus tralian Government. Mr. Johnson said the mission would meet the Northern Territory Administrator and visit the Ter ritory if possible. Mr. Johnson stressed to the mission yesterday that most of the Commonwealth's plans for the Northern Territory were on a long range bnsis, but plans for increasing beef production in Alice Springs and Wyndham dis tricts this year were discussed. He told tlicm the shortage of materials had delayed the con struction of the Oder Dam in the Kimberley ranges, Intended to provide a large Irrigated area where cattle could rest and graze. They also discussed the projected railway from Wynd ham to the cattle station dis trict of Mistake Creek. The railway was needed because production at Wyndham freezing works was not at top capacity. The projected line would be about 250 miles long. Although it would have to be built over rough terrain, modern construc tion methods would ensure it would not take too long to build. WILL SEE COOKTOWN BRISBANE Friday.—' The Itiner ary for the British Food Mis sion's 3000-mile aerial sweep of Queensland was completed to-day by State officials and has been extended to Include Cooktoyn. This is one of the centres that attracted attention last year as an area capable of large scale development for peanut production. The inspection will embrace a wide range of country from the south eastern l'arm lands to the rough entile areas and unoccu pied tracts in the Cape York Pen insula. AWU ANNUAL REPORT ARBITRATION NO COVER FOR INABILITY COOLANGATTA, Friday.— Union secretaries could no longer use the Commonwealth Arbitration Act as a means for covering up their own in ability, said the Federal sec. retary of the AWU (Mr. T. Dougherty) at the AWU con vention to-day In his annual report to the convention, he said the amend ment of the Act had undoubtedly removed many of the causes of industrial unrest in the past. Union officials could not now complain about, nor could they attack, arbitration on the score of expedition. The position had been so altered that a number of union secretaries could no longer use the court for their own propa ganda purposes. He considered quite a number of union officials were quite happy about the old Act, with all its delays, for it afforded them an opportunity of attacking the court and the tabor Government. DAIRYMEN ATTACKED Mr. Dougherty attacked the sec tion of employers in the dairying Industry who, he said, had gained an award under the National Se curity Regulations which pro vided for a 56-hour week. It was not difficult to under stand why workers were attracted to. comparatively good wages and conditions in preference to ac cepting engagements in the dairy ing and (wheat industries. The dairy farmer always was prepared to plead poverty. F.O.W. LABOR This Industry had been subsi dised to the extent of millions of pounds annually since 1943, but the employers had very eagerly applied for the cheapest labor ob tainable since the days of the kanaka. He said they had the dis tinction of employing 11,060. Italian prisoners of war at £1 a week and keep. To many of those employers the loss of such cheap and easily controlled labor must have been a cause fbr great regret. 21 NAZIS DIE ON GALLOWS LONDON. January 29.— Reuter's Humelin representative says Bri tain's official executioner. Albert Pierrepolnt, hns commenced the hangings in Hamclin prison of 21 German wnr criminals, including 14 Gestapo men. Compulsory Conference Ordered To Deal With Railway Strike Threat BRISBANE, Friday.— To avert a railway strike throughout Queens- land, timed for midnight on Monday, the Industrial Registrar to-day on the application of the Commissioner for Railways, ordered a compulsory conference on Monday morning. The trouble is oyer marginal rates. Mr. J. P. 0'Malley represented the Commissioner at to-day's application. The affidavit by the Com missioner asked that a /compulsory conference he called as soon as. conveni ently possible to prevent the threatened strike. He said that such a strike, if held, would seriously affect the business of the State and cause widespread inconveni ence and disorganisation. He added that on December 11 last a letter was forwarded by the Minister for Transport to the sec retary of the Combined Railway Unions (Mr. E. Irwin), following an Interview which representa tives of the railway unions had with the Minister. This was in regard to an appli cation for increases in the mar ginal rates for tradesmen in the engineering trades of the Rail way Department. In this letter it was stated, inter alia:— DEPARTMENT'S OFFER "The effect of Cabinet's de cision will be that tradesmen's rates wlU be increased in the Railway Department by 6/10 a week. This increase will be equiva lent to a mechanical engineering award rate for tradesmen of £7/17/6. less the value of condi tions or privileges assessed by the court at a rate of Id. an hour. "No objection will be raised by the Railway Department to the decision being applied retrospec- tively to the date of the applica tion lodged bv the Amalgamated Engineering Union. -on Septem ber 18. NOT OPPOSED "In the event of the terms being unacceptable to the unions con cerned the offer outlined will be withdrawn and an approach will have to be made to the, court. Such withdrawal, however, does not indicate that the department will oppose the principle of mar ginal increases, but, in accordance with the offer, the maximum rate which the department . will agree to will be 6/10 for skilled trades men." The affidavit also stated that the contents of the letter were conveyed to Mr. C. Merrill, or ganiser of the Amalgamated En gineering Union, on December 16. On January 29 the secretary of the Railway Department notified the Industrial Registrar, in . ac cordance with section 21A of the Industrial Conciliation and Arbi tration Acts, of a threatened strike of workshop employees engaged in the Railway Depart ment throughout Queensland as from midnight on Monday. He prayed that a compulsory confer ence be convened as soon as con veniently possible with -a view to preventing it. THE PARTIES The parties to Monday's con ference will be the Commissioner for Railways (applicant) and the following respondent unions — the Amalgamated Engineering Union, Federated Iron Workers' Associa tion, Vehicle Builders Emnloyees? Federation. Boilermakers' ; Society, Blacksmiths' Society, Federated Moulders (Metals) Union of Em- . nloyees, Electrical Trades Union and Australian Railways Union. WILL STRIKE Parties in the dispute, involv ing 3000 key workshop and run ning shed men, will attend the compulsory conference at the' Industrial Court at 10 a.m. on Monday, but Railway All Services Union officials said to-day the men definitely would strUe from midnight on Monday unless their claims were granted. The men are demanding 16/, 13/ and 11/ marginal wage Increases a week, and the Government has offered them 6/10 a week. In a joint statement by the All Service Union's leaders it was stated the strike decision would' be carried out "irrespective of .any adverse decision or order made by the court or postponement of q decision by the court beyond Feb ruary 2." A dispute committee was formed ' to-day with Mr. M. O'Brien, ARU president, as chairman, and Mr. E. Irwin, the all services secretary, as secretary. . ; . ROCKHAMPTON VOTE ROCKHAMPTON, Friday.— The Boilermakers' Society's ballot re sulted in "a large majority In favor of a strike," a society of ficial said. The Rockhampton branch of the Traffic Employees' Union was also to hold a meeting, but a union official declined to make a statement. TOWNSVILLE SUPPORT TOWNSVILLE, Friday. — ' The Townsville branch of the Building Workers' Industrial Union (rail- . way section) unanimously decided to-night to. support the actions of their State committee and the All Services Union in their de-' mands for a marginal Increase of 16/, stated the secretary (Mr. E. J. Stannett). The secretary of the AEU (Mr.1 . J. Willett) announced that of.:' 186 members of his union, 143: -voted to support strike action- and ' nine against. 1 Cloncurry ballot papers had not been received when the state ment was Issued. COMMUNISTS HAVE SEVERED MANCHURIA'S "LAST ARTERY" HONG KONG, January 30. — With the Communist cap ture of Sin-Li-tun, the Nationalists have lost control over the Pciping-Mukden railway line, "the last remain- ' ing artery of Manchuria," and the overland supply of iso lated points has been made Impossible. Informed sources in Nanking told a Reuter representative to night that the 20-day fierce battle for Sin-Ll-tun had marked the conclusion of the struggle for the vital' Liao-ning "Corridor," which Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek had ordered early in the month must be defended at all costs, With a definite freeze-up of ports on the Gulf of Liao-ning until the end of March, the Nationalists' fast depleting air force will again be forced to undertake the colossal task of bringing up supplies and ammuni tion. The new phase of the battle for Manchuria Is coming up and indications are that the Commu nists are now closing in. To-night's reports say heavy fighting has already broken out in the area above Sin-mlng. At pre sent observers think that Com munists probably will encircle Mukden and wait for the disin tegration of the populace, rather than risk ' an all-out assault on the strongly defended city. SIEGE AT MUKDEN? Such attacks may prove costly in the beginning as Mukden has strong defences and the Commu nists lack air support. Sources point out the success of the Communists' sixth offensive last October, when they destroyed more than 80 per cent of rail communications in Manchuria, and attribute the Nationalists' de fence failure at Sin-Li-tun to in sufficient supply lines and troops. ' Sln-Li-tun, they said, was de fended only by one division under General Peng Ying Ku, which was "completely disintegrated," with the loss of the city. Moreover, this division was trained for the tropical climate of Burma, and the fighting strength was trapped by the Siberian win ter now gripping the north-east Their hope, for salvation was General Fan Han Chieh's mechanised troops, but these did not arrive in time to tip the scale. Sources said that the question now facing the Nationalists in Manchuria is not how to defend the remaining points, but how to withdraw from isolated ports like Chang Chun, Kirln, Szeplng-kal and a half-dozon other strategic points now encircled by the Communists for many months. They recalled that when the Nationalists first entered Manchuria, tlicy controlled 20 per cent of the territory, whereas at present the area has shrunk to three or four per cent. Even this is said to be an optimistic estimate. While the Communists in the north-east now have 500,000 m?n under arms and in addition are able to muster another 1,000,000 if necessary, the Nationalists' forces only number 500,000 or under. HIGH SWISS GRRDE vfellSS wnTCH " 165 OBSEKBifflfinr AWARDS ABNER WANTED CURRY - AND COT HIM ! : NEW YORK, January 29.— Norman Curry, of Melbourne Boys' High School, who. ar rived here to-day to represent Australia at the 'Herald-Tri bune' Forum, will be a birth day present for a Bronx high school boy, Abner Golden- berg. Abner had pleaded with Ms parents to allow him to be Gurry's host for his visit, but his parats declared it was too much re sponsibility. Later, the Goldenbergs asked Abner what he wanted for his birthday. Abner chose Norman. Curry, so his parents had to agree. Norman, who stepped from a heated plane into New York's 12 degree temperature, said the best part of his flight was crossing the dateline on January 26, because-- it feave nini two Australian dayt- Hls first experience of New York was to have breakfast at an automat — a restaurant where' slot machines yield meals. He and Peter Ewing — the other Australian schoolboy here for the Forum — will go to Wash ington on Sunday with six Brit ish boys and girls to visit the White House and the State De partment. They will watch the United Nations in operation on Wednes-' day, then begin attending New York schools as ordinary pupils.
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