Convict (Life), Road builder, Publican, Farmer
Source: Lithgow Pioneers No 2
Page: 29 -- 34
Born 1772 Ireland
Married Elizabeth Bayley 17 October 1808 Sydney
Died 3 September 1834 PenrithBuried Regentville, Sydney NSW
About Elizabeth Bayley - the below is an extract from "Delaney Decades",I hope it is of help to you.
"Nicholas and his compatriots were transported from Cork Harbour, on 30th May, 1802 per the Atlas 2. The Master of the ship was Thomas Musgrave and the Surgeon was Thomas Davie. Of the 193 male convicts transported,only 5 died on the voyage. Quite a remarkable feat for that period.Having rounded the Cape safely, the Atlas 2 finally arrived in Sydney Cove on 30th October, 1802, after a voyage lasting 153 days.
On arrival in New South Wales, Nicholas was assigned to Major George Johnston of the Rum Corp fame. 1802-1806. In the early days with Johnston, it is believed that Nicholas worked as a groomsman on Johnston's property at Annandale.
Occupation 1806-1813:- Government Servant.
Absolute Pardon granted 1813.
Nicholas was the Overseer of the gang of convicts who constructed Mrs Macquarie's Road and was Superintendent of the Western Road from Parramatta to Penrith.
During this time Elizabeth Bayley left England and arrived in Australia,on the ship "The Brothers". It is believed that she came with Mr. & Mrs John Blaxland and family, who arrived in Sydney on Friday 17th October,1807. As a free settler it was not necessary to list the passengers'names at that period of time. This has proved one of the biggest problems for Family History Researchers compared with the in depth recording of convicts. However, we know that Elizabeth was only 16 years of age on arrival and 18 when she married Nicholas. One wonders why a young girl of her age came half way around the world and to a place only known as a penal settlement in the early part of the 19th century. Who were her parents? Was she running away from home? Where was she born? Did she have an education? So many questions are unanswered and there is no way of finding out about Elizabeth and her background.
Nicholas was active in Carnew, Ireland and His mother lived in Ballyellis, Ireland
Convict. After trial on a charge of Double Murder at Wicklow in 1799 was sentenced to death. This was commuted to Transportation for life to Australia aboard "Atlas" on its second voyage in 1802. On arrival Nicholas was assigned to Major George Johnston of the Rum Corps. In the early days with Johnston, it is believed that Nicholas worked as a groomsman on Johnston's property at Annandale.
Nicholas received an Absolute or Free Paredon (No. 200) on 31st of January, 1813. Very few Convicts received an Absolute Pardon, which 'cleaned the slate' and allowed Nicholas to go anywhere including a return home to Ireland if he wished.Nicholas was involved in the building of roads in the early colony as overseer of the working gang constructing "Mrs Macquarie's Road", in the Government Domain, including what may be Australias first Stone bridge, over what is now the Royal Botanic Gardens creek. He was also overseer of the convict gang that constructed Maquarie Place. Both of these projects are mentioned in the diary of Lachlan Maquarie, 10th April, 1816, 1 July, 1818, held in the Mitchel Library.
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