Pepin III "the Short" King of the Franks Martel

Born:714 In:  Aachen, Stadt Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Died:768 (at age ‎~54‏)In:  St. Denis, Paris, Seine, France

Immediate family

Bertha de Italy (born Toulouse)
His wife
King Bernard of Italy
His son
Charles King of the Franks Martel
His father
Rotrud Martel (born of Treves)
His mother

Source citations

Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Citation text:
Page: Ancestry Family Trees
Citation text:


Pepin III, King of the Franks also went by the nick-name of Pepin 'the Short' . He gained the title of King Pepin of the Franks in 751. Pepin died during a campaign and was brought to Saint Denis to be buried near the saint in 768 and is interred there in the basilica with his wife Bertrada. Pepin was buried "outside the entrance of Saint Denis Basilica according to his wishes, face down, for the sins of his father Charles Martel


The Frankish realm was fractioned according to salic law between his two sons: Charlemagne and Carloman.


Historical opinion often seems to regard him as the lesser son and lesser father of two greater men, though a great man in his own right. He continued to build up the heavy cavalry which his father had begun. He maintained the standing army that his father had found necessary to protect the realm and form the core of its full army in wartime. He not only maintained his father's policy of containing the Moors, he drove them over and across the Pyrenees with the capture of Narbonne. He continued his father's expansion of the Frankish church (missionary work in Germany and Scandinavia) and the infrastructure (feudalism) that would prove the backbone of medieval Europe.


His rule, while not as great as either his father's or son's, was historically important and of great benefit to the Franks as a people. It can certainly be argued that Pepin's assumption of the crown, and the title of Patrician of Rome, were harbingers of his son's imperial coronation which is usually seen as the founding of the Holy Roman Empire. He certainly made the Carolingians de jure whathis father had made them de facto—the ruling dynasty of the Franks and the foremost power of Europe. While not known as a great general, he was undefeated during his lifetime.
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