Taylor Surname DNA Project< DNA tests
Taylor Family Genes Project (TFG) is an extension of your genealogy studies. The new field of genetic genealogy supplements traditional documentary research and helps to overcome brick walls and false leads. DNA testing is now a proven tool for genealogists and can provide a means of connecting Taylors world wide. Be a pioneer of genealogy's future, secure and share your DNA for history.
We especially seek male Taylors for Y-DNA (Y-STR) testing. If you are interested in joining please order the DNA sample kit from www.familytreedna.com. (Click "Join Request" on the top menu.) We are a DNA project; to join, you must have DNA results in the FTDNA database or order a FTDNA test. And, we are a surname project; our emphasis is on yDNA which follows paternal lineages.
Taylor Family Genes is open to qualifying prospective members. We require a FTDNA test and at least one of the following:
We ask, though, that you cooperate and take an active part. How much you benefit depends on how much you help yourself.
We respect members' privacy and take steps to protect it. Yet, you can not genetically match another without that person also matching you. Genetic genealogy is a mutual and reciprocal endeavor, a team effort; it can NOT be conducted in anonymity.
Because there’s been some misunderstanding on this key aspect, we need to point out that willingness to share one's own genetic and genealogical information is an essential requirement for seeing others’ information. If those who match you can’t see you, you can’t see them. You can't "fly solo" in this undertaking.Recommendations:
With the use of DNA testing, we hope you can get past brick walls and create crossroads with traditional paper trail genealogical records, connecting with others of similar DNA results. Be a pioneer of the future, secure and share your DNA for history.
With TFG's team of several volunteer administrators to serve the project and its members, we are able to provide services that other projects can not. As examples:
- We publish this site you're viewing now, www.familytreedna.com/public/taylorfamilygenes with basic information and test results;
- We publish a newsletter in the form of a blog at http://taylortopicsdna.blogspot.com;
- We publish another, separate website at www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info for information which doesn't fit into this format, including lineage trees;
- We actively look for matches for you and follow up on matches, interpreting their genealogical significance.
- We e-mail periodic project status and performance updates to all members.
- To aid Taylor families in linking together through DNA results;
- To remove blocks to information and brick walls in family histories;
- To discover, through DNA, the global origins and evolution of the Taylor surname and Taylor families;
- To survey -- provide a resource and reference for -- Taylor DNA; and
- To provide future generations with documented backgrounds of their genetic heritage.
It is specifically NOT our goal to produce a single, unified "Taylor Family Tree". We believe -- and genetic data support -- that such a single tree is impossible. Taylor is a multi-origin name there were many ancient progenitors for the Taylors living today.
We do want to be the best DNA surname project possible, especially in helping our members meet their genealogical goals. Achieving this goal requires -- in addition to the hard work of the admin team -- your active cooperation and participation. .
NEW TO THE TAYLOR DNA PROJECT OR WANT TO JOIN?
If you're interested in being a part of Taylor Family Genes please click the "Join" button. You may click on the pricing link or scroll down to "Type of Test" and look at the drop-down box to determine the type of test you want. Clicking on the link does not obligate you to join if you fill in no information, but will provide the group prices for the tests that interest you.
Taylor Family Genes requires no prior approval to join. But you must have a DNA test by FTDNA and should meet at least one of the criteria below:
Caution: If your Taylor ancestors were neither direct paternal or maternal (e.g., your mother's father), only autosomal DNA will match Taylors. At this time, this is a secondary project priority.
If you have any questions concerning DNA, genealogy or the project, contact one of the project administrators.
The project website formerly at Freepages has been moved to www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info.
TFG SURPASSES 700 MEMBERS!
In September of 2014, Taylor Family Genes saw its 700th member join. We had already been the largest Taylor surname DNA project in the world and the achievement solidifies our lead. We have grown rapidly since our beginning in late 2003 and expect to continue growing further, without diminishing our service to our members.
Survey bearing fruit:
One of our long-standing goals has been to survey Taylor DNA -- a very difficult job. We are (finally!) beginning to make progress and identify relationships predating the time of Taylor families' adoption of the surname. Some of these findings are now posted on the groups pages of our independent project website.
SNPs take on new importance:
We are quickly learning that SNP testing (in addition to standard STR) is gaining genealogical significance as more is discovered about the human Y-chromosome. For example, if you have "too many" STR matches, please write the project admin for suggestions.
In 2011, we began following up on FTDNA's Y-DNA match notices. FTDNA match notices have a liberal reporting threshold. They report some matches which we consider insufficiently significant from a genealogical perspective. We'll continue to do so as time permits.
As much as feasible, we investigate each and, if judged significant, send you an e-mail message trying to put the match into genealogical significance. (If you have not received a match notice, it is probably because no new significant matches have been found for you.) For simplicity's sake, we use three categories:
Significant -- The quality of the match indicates a high probability of a common paternal ancestor within genealogic time, generally considered to be about 24 generations. We recommend that members with significant matches communicate and share paper trails to jointly identify their common ancestor.
Not significant -- The quality of the match indicates a low probability of a common paternal ancestor within genealogic time. We do not believe that member follow-up would prove fruitful. (There may be a common ancestor, but he may lived before existence of records to identify him by name, dates, places or other characteristics.)
Borderline -- The quality of the match falls on the cusp between significant and not significant. It may be significant, but we do not place much confidence in it.
WORLDWIDE INITIATIVE, OVERSEAS PROGRAM:
Expanding membership worldwide, particularly in the British Isles, is a project priority. We welcome Taylors around the world to participate in our service-oriented and well-run project. Let us help with your genetic genealogy. Subsidies may be available, see "Financial Assistance" below.
See our newsletter on our BLOG site! http://taylortopicsdna.blogspot.com
Taylor Topics is our newsletter for concerns, questions, success stories, and reading what others are saying. LALIA WILSON, a Taylor descendant and co-administrator of TFG has graciously consented to create and manage the blog. Write to her at LaliaW@aol.com to suggest ideas for articles. Visit the blog spot often for interesting discussions on DNA and Taylor-made articles.
STAY IN TOUCH:
Update your email addresses on your personal page or you won't know the latest and greatest that we are working on. (We send bulk e-mails through the FTDNA system.) If you have a "spam-blocker" on your e-mail account, you will not receive our communications unless you specifically authorize them.
Nor, will you receive our follow-ups on your DNA match notices. These go beyond the information sent by FTDNA to advise you of the specific nature of the match and its genealogical meaning.
If you know a member is now deceased and has no other contact, please inform us. We recommend that yake arrangements now for a beneficiary who will manage your FTDNA account when you're no longer able to. Your DNA results are a valuable resource for your entire family.
We've created an additional website to this one. It allows us more freedom to provide additional information and bring information together in order to serve you better. Please visit it at www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info...
To answer concerns we've received, we will NOT be removing this site, hosted by FTDNA. You may continue to use it to view the project's results. However, all ancestral trees have been moved to the new site for better access and linking to Y-DNA results.
Just a few reminders to all, to help the project help you:
Please complete your earliest known maternal & paternal ancestor information. (You'll find it on your User Preferences page, under "most distant acnestor".) At minimum, please supply a given name and surname, plus either or both of birth or death year. This is is information (not your name) that will accompany your DNa results.
A state or country abbreviation is also helpful.
It may be that you don't know some of that; provide what you know and indicate missing information with this symbol [?].
Please share your tree if you haven't done so. This helps other Taylors (natural or adopted) answer some of their basic research questions. You may e-mail it or complete the online form at www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info.. Click tthe trees link to access it. For your own SAFETY regarding your identity, we strongly recommend NOT posting the names and dates of you, your parents, children and spouse. (We'll remove these if we spot them and only post your full name and contact info with specific permission.) And, if possible, upload your GEDCOM to your personal page.
Please upload your results to www.ysearch.org. That's another place where you might also find a match. It's most easily done from your personal "My FTDNA" page.
Our public FTDNA site for anyone to view the marker/allele results is here at http://www.familytreedna.com/public/taylorfamilygenes.
Our new site (Bookmark it now.) is at www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info.
TELL A TAYLOR about the DNA testing. He might just be the connection for some Taylor in our project. The larger the number of participants, the better the chances for all of us to find a perfect match!
Have fun with the BLOG! Visit at http://taylortopicsdna.blogspot.com
Be persistent and patient. Visit your personal FTDNA page often and check for matches. More appear constantly, but it may take a while for yours to show up.
Don't be afraid to ask questions or communicate with the admins. We want to hear from you.
FINANCIAL A$$I$TANCE for DNA tests:
DONATIONS to our Taylor project to assist in funding tests to 37 markers are always welcome. Email to: http://www.familytreedna.com/contribution.html and tell them it's for TAYLOR.
REQUESTS for funding may be made by sending an email to one of the administrative team members. Requests will be handled on a first-come, first served basis and as long as funds are available. We require submission of a well-documented Taylor lineage and consider criteria such as benefit to other members and the project as a whole.
Please note we have very limited resources and we subsidize Y-STR tests which we think will benefit more than one project member who has paid for their own test. We will subsidize only 37-marker tests and may grant only a partial amount of the cost.
The request for member financial assistance must be accompanied by a paternal lineage tree reaching back to no later than 1850 (1851 for the British Isles). Candidates will be contacted by us for further information. Deadline for requests each year is November 30.
A special initiative out of the project general fund is building participation in the British Isles. It was made possible through the generous donations of members. If interested, please write one of the admin team.
PROJECT ADMINISTRATIVE TEAM
* LALIA manages, edits & publishes the BLOG called Taylor Topics DNA. Contact her, LaliaW at aol.com, if you'd like a topic presented.
* JOSH takes on special programs and is also a co-admin of the Cooper DNA project.
* GEORGE & JUDY provide valuable advice and perspectives.
* LEIGH is administrator emeritus ad gives us the benefit of her advice.
* RALPH is lead administrator; his e-mail is firstname.lastname@example.org.
GENETIC FAMILY MEMBERS:
We've found 83 unique genetic family groups (AKA, "matching groups" or "clusters"), plus one matching the Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype, another for one marker off from WAMH, and one for the ":"Niall of the Nine Hostages" haplotype.
The Niall haplotype is said to represent the ancient kings of Ireland.
WAMH stands for Western Atlantic Modal haplotype; it is the most common 12-marker pattern found in western Europe and the Americas. Found within the R1b1a2 (R-M269) haplogroup, it does not necessarily represent a common ancestor within genealogic time.
Tell your GROUP STORY/HISTORY
IF your DNA markers (25 or more) match exactly or nearly so to another's set of markers you will be placed in a family unit of Taylors and given a GROUP number. When this happens we welcome your group's collective story or history to be sent in to us so that can be placed on your group's page.
Our new site gives us more room for our trees and you may also view your GROUP PAGE. At the top we show the kit#s of those in your group and a LINK to each member's personal tree and contact information. In the middle section we provide space for the history of your group on your group page. At the bottom you'll see the general (modal) pattern of DNA markers for your unique group.
You are invited to get together with group members and write your (collective) story. Anything interesting about a specific ancestor or an ancestor's adventures or what makes your group special or what are your brick walls. You’re the experts on your group. Please do not include any information about living members. Once you send in your story, it will probably be edited by the team. Make it brief, interesting and helpful to possible new members of your group. It can be added to and edited as new information is uncovered. You may read the stories written for Groups 01, 03, and 07 to get an idea of what we are suggesting.
We suggest you jot down ideas and look on your group page to get your members' contact information. Share your story with them and create a group effort, then send it in to us. Ralph Taylor [ email@example.com ] will receive the story and post it. I hope you're excited about this new dimension of our Taylor project!
Here's your group page (Just replace the xx with your group number):
To help us assess the job we're doing, we've adopted five objective performance indicators for the project:
1. Project size in relation to other projects. (We're about the 28th largest surname project.)
2. Project penetration in relation to the frequency of the surname and in relation to comparable projects.
3. Project resolution, vis-a-vis comparables: Percent who've tested at least 25 Y-DNA marrkers.
4. Project activity, vis-avis comparables:
a. Percent of members who've named an earliest (most distant) ancestor &/or submitted a tree.
b. Percent of members who've viewed their page or the FTDNA website w/in the past 24 months.
5. Matches & lines vis-a-vis comparables:
a. Percent with one or more matches within project.
b. Number of Y-DNA lines identified relative to number existing.
We believe these indicators will help steer us to being the best (if not the biggest) DNA surname project. For the latest performance report, visit http://TaylorFamilyGenes.info/status.shtml.
The new site gives us space to give each lineage its due, to update them as needed and allows us to link to them as appropriate.
This page on our site is about results from the project, but with so many Taylor lines and so much genetic variety, it is hard to sum up results briefly. We can say this much about our overall results so far:
- Taylor DNA isn't all the same. We see wide genetic diversity among our members. We've identified at least 200 individual & unique Taylor lineages among the more than 700 members who've tested yDNA. There is also variety in the mtDNA and autosomal DNA.
- There is not one Taylor patriarch from whom we're all descended, but many Taylor families unrelated to each other in a genealogical sense. Having yDNA that falls into many haplogroups is more proof of separate Taylor lines dating back many millennia.
- The cause for the the many lines of descendancy and genetic diversity is probably the occupational & multi-point origin of the name. The name seems to have been adopted by many widely-dispersed families over a relatively short period of time in the late 14th century.
- Taylor is a common surname. It was the 13th most common name in the 2000 US census (0.31% of the population, ~720,000 people) and 5th most common in England (about 350,000 people). About 1,500,000 people worldwide bear the Taylor name.
The commonness of the name puts a premium on careful and thorough research, supplemented by DNA testing. We recommend at least a 37-marker Y-STR test to discriminate between Taylor lines.
- We have identified, to date, more than 90 paternal lineage groups of multiple project members (i.e., "genetic families" or "clusters") plus one for the Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype, another for one marker off from the WAMH and another for the "Niall of the Nine Hostages" haplotype.
- The most common Taylor haplogroup is R1b (specifically, R1b1a2 or R-M269) and its sub-clades, with ~70% of project members. Next is haplogroup I and its sub-clades at ~15%; then E at 6%; J at 2.5%; then R1a & G at ~2% each. We also have small numbers of project members in haplogroups A & Q.
- Most (~2/3) of the R1b is R-P312, 45% of all project members; most of R-P312 is R-L21, associated with Celtic ancestry.
- The remaining 1/3 of R1b (23% of members) is R-U106, associated with Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) ancestry.
- Haplogroup I1 includes 10% of members; it is associated with Scandinavian origins.
- Haplogroup I2 includes 5% of members; it is also associated with Scandinavian origins.
- We've now tested a total of more than 900 members, ~90% of them have yDNA tests. We expect further testing will help fill in the blanks and unanswered questions, but will not greatly change the overall picture.
- These statistical findings are not surprising. They are consistent with a 14th century surname of multi-point, English occupational origin. Taylor genetics roughly mirror those of the British Isles.
- We may be on the verge of identifying Taylor genetic families' relationships predating the surname's adoption. Findings will be published on our separate website, www.TaylorFamilyGenes.info.
SURVEY OF TAYLOR DNA:
We are making progress on our goal to survey Taylor Y-DNA. We are beginning to see which Taylor genetic families are more closely related, and which more distantly. It is a difficult task because (1) of the wide variety in the DNA and (2) we are -- mostly -- looking beyond genealogical time. Fortunately, the FTDNA TiP (Time Predictor) tool allows us to measure the similarity and dissimilarity of any pair of project members.
We have, for example, found a cluster of genetic families near the center of the DNA space in R1b and another cluster of families sharing Irish heritage. More information on the survey can be found on each genetic family's group page.
If you have comments, questions, corrections, go to the "Contact Us" page and talk to us. Ralph Taylor is the webmaster. You may also send a message to be posted on our blog at: http://taylortopicsdna.blogspot.com.
Your Taylor Family Genes team: Ralph, Lalia, Josh, Leigh and George & Judy