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Edward IV Plantagenet, King of England

Born:Apr 28 1442 In:
Died:Apr 9 1483 (at age 40)In:
Info
Events
Timeline

Immediate family

Elizabeth Plantagenet (born Wayte)
His partner
Arthur Plantagenet
His son
Elizabeth Lumley (born Plantagenet)
His daughter
Elizabeth Plantagenet (born Woodville)
His wife
Edward V Plantagenet, King of England
His son
Duke of York Richard
His father
Cicely Richard (born Neville)
His mother
Richard III Plantagenet, King of England
His brother
  

Biography

It is fairly well established an accepted that King Edward IV had children by his mistresses, besides the many others that he had with his wife, Elizabeth Wydville (or Woodville). One of these mistresses was Elizabeth Wayte, daughter of Thomas Wayte and Lucy. She had a child, from this liaison with the king, who was named, Elizabeth Plantagenet. It is also pretty well established that this daughter married Sir Thomas Lubley and they had a daughter, Sybil Lumley, born about 1485. (See reference from the book by Mary Clive, below which refutes some of this)

Sybil Lumley married Sir William DeHilton and they had a son, William who married Margaret Metcalfe. However, the linkage of this family with Mark Hilton is less well established, or perhaps it is known, but the linkage of Mark Hilton as the father of Edward and William, who settled in Dover, NH in about 1623 is less well documented and may be based on falsified records according to the Genealogy Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire. And of course, there is no proof that the Rebecca, who was the wife of Thomas Roberts, was actually Edward and William Hilton's sister, although it is established that Thomas Roberts accompanied Edward and William Hilton to Dover.

Listed below are some of the information on King Edward IV, Edward V and Richard III

From www.Britannia.com

Edward IV

(1461-70, 1471-83 AD)

Edward IV, son of Richard, Duke of York and Cicely Neville, was born in 1442. He married Elizabeth Woodville in 1464, the widow of the Lancastrian Sir John Grey, who bore him ten children. He also entertained many mistresses and had at least one illegitimate son.

Edward came to the throne through the efforts of his father; as Henry VI became increasingly less effective, Richard pressed the claim of the York family but was killed before he could ascend the throne: Edward deposed his cousin Henry after defeating the Lancastrians at Mortimer's Cross in 1461. Richard Neville, the Kingmaker, Earl of Warwick proclaimed Henry king once again in 1470, but less than a year elapsed when Edward reclaimed the crown and had Henry executed in 1471.

 

The rest of his reign was fairly uneventful. He revived the English claim to the French throne and invaded the weakened France, extorting a non-aggression treaty from Louis XI in 1475 which amounted to a lump payment of 75,000 crowns, and an annuity of 20,000. Edward had his brother, George, Duke of Clarendon, judicially murdered in 1478 on a charge of treason. His marriage to Elizabeth Woodville vexed his councilors, and he allowed many of the great nobles (such as his brother Richard) to build uncharacteristically large power bases in the provinces in return for their support.

Edward died suddenly in 1483, leaving behind two sons aged twelve and nine, five daughters, and a troubled legacy.

 

Edward V (1483 AD)

Edward V, eldest son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, was born in 1470. He ascended the throne upon his father's death in April 1483, but reigned only two months before being deposed by his uncle, Richard, Duke of Gloucester. The entire episode is still shrouded in mystery. The Duke had Edward and his younger brother, Richard, imprisoned in the Tower and declared illegitimate amd named himself rightful heir to the crown. The two young boys never emerged from the Tower, apparently murdered by, or at least on the orders of, their Uncle Richard. During renovations to the Tower in 1674, the skeletons of two children were found, possibly the murdered boys.

 

Richard III (1483-5 AD)

Richard III, the eleventh child of Richard, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, was born in 1452. He was created third Duke of Gloucester at the coronation of his brother, Edward IV. Richard had three children: one each of an illegitimate son and daughter, and one son by his first wife, Anne Neville, widow of Henry VI's son Edward.

Richard's reign gained an importance out of proportion to its length. He was the last of the Plantagenet dynasty, which had ruled England since 1154; he was the last English king to die on the battlefield; his death in 1485 is generally accepted between the medieval and modern ages in England; and he is credited with the responsibility for several murders: Henry VI , Henry's son Edward, his brother Clarence, and his nephews Edward and Richard.

 

Richard's power was immense, and upon the death of Edward IV , he positioned himself to seize the throne from the young Edward V . He feared a continuance of internal feuding should Edward V, under the influence of his mother's Woodville relatives, remain on the throne (most of this feared conflict would have undoubtedly come from Richard). The old nobility, also fearful of a strengthened Woodville clan, assembled and declared the succession of Edward V as illegal, due to weak evidence suggesting that Edward IV's marriage to Elizabeth Woodville was bigamous, thereby rendering his sons illegitimate and ineligible as heirs to the crown. Edward V and his younger brother, Richard of York, were imprisoned in the Tower of London, never to again emerge alive. Richard of Gloucester was crowned Richard III on July 6, 1483.

Four months into his reign he crushed a rebellion led by his former assistant Henry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, who sought the installation of Henry Tudor , a diluted Lancaster, to the throne. The rebellion was crushed, but Tudor gathered troops and attacked Richard's forces on August 22, 1485, at the battle of Bosworth Field. The last major battle of the Wars of the Roses, Bosworth Field became the death place of Richard III. Historians have been noticeably unkind to Richard, based on purely circumstantial evidence; Shakespeare portrays him as a complete monster in his play, Richard III. One thing is for certain, however: Richard's defeat and the cessation of the Wars of the Roses allowed the stability England required to heal, consolidate, and push into the modern era.

 

Clive, Mary, "This Sun of York, A Biography of Edward IV" (Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1974), ISBN 0-394-48591-2, p96.

...(Edward IV) acknowledged one bastard, Arthur, {in footnote to this: Arthur Plantagenet (d. 1542). His mother was probably called Elizabeth Wayte. In 1511 he married the daughter of Viscount Lisle and in 1523 he was created Viscount Lisle. General Monk (1608-70) was descended from Arthur, and for this reason took the royal title of Duke of Albemarle.} and at the end of his life it was no secret that the wife of William Shore, a weatlthy mercer, was his mistress. Beyond this nothing is certain, and the allegations do not add up to much. After Edward was in his grave, his brother Gloucester, for his own purposes, announced that Edward had once been married to a long-dead Eleanor Butler, nee Talbot, the widow of Lord Sudeley's heir. Sir Thomas More thought that this woman was called Elizabeth Lucy. A gossip at Windsor was told that "Mistress Grace, a bastard of Kind Edward's, was on the funeral barge of Edward's widow when it came down the river from London." An Elizabethian Lord Lubley claimed that one of his ancestresses was called Catherine Plantagenet and was Edward's daughter, but the "Complete Peerage" considers this to have been an invention. Even if Edward did have love affairs with Eleanor Butler and Elizabeth Lucy, and if Mistress Grace and Catherine Plantagenet are added to Arthur, the total is small by the standard of other rulers whether of the fifteenth or other centuries.

 

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