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Cecilio Apostol

Born:Nov 22 1877 In:
Died:Sep 8 1938 (at age 60)In:
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Immediate family

Margarita Apostol (born San Jose)
His wife
Eden Apostol
His daughter
Lourdes Adrias (born Apostol)
His daughter
Redentor 'Ding' Apostol
His son
Horacio 'Oring' Apostol
His son
<Private> Santiago (born Apostol)
His child
Jose 'Pepe' Apostol
His son
Jose Apostol
His father
Marcelina de los Reyes Apostol
His mother

Source citations

Citation text:

One who grew out in a world that was fighting for its identity, Cecilio Apostol did his share in the struggle for freedom through his prose and poetry written in Spanish.

He was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila on November 22, 1877 to Jose P. Apostol and Marcelina de los Reyes. Apostol finished his Bachiller en Artes from the Ateneo Municipal in 1894. He pursued a degree in law at the University of Santo Tomas. However, the revolution in 1896 interrupted his studies.

One with natural giftedness in literature and arts in his youth, he wrote poems among them was "El Terro de los Mares Indicos" which was first published in el Comercio in 1895. When the revolution broke out, he used his pen to express his sentiments. He joined the editorial staff of the newspaper , La Independencia, and used either Catulo or Isagani as pen names. He continued to writed even after the revolution, working in various newspapers like La Fraternidad, La Democracia, La Patria, and El Renacimiento. He also continued his law studies and passed the bar examnination in 1908. Soon after, he was appointed assistant fiscal of Manila.

As a lawyer, he used his spare time in poetry, painting, and linguistics. He learned several foreign languages, mostly by self-study, and translated Bonifacio's Decalogue into French and the Ilocano epic Lam-ang into Spanish. Apostol already earned a reputation as a poet. His Mi Raza won the first prize in the national literary contest sponsored by the Club International in 1902. His poetical masterpiece A Rizal(To Rizal) is unsurpassed for its patriotic fire.

Professor, Jaime C. de Veyra had published a compilation of the poems of Apostol under the title Pentilicas(Manila, 1941). Included in this collection are: Al Heroe Nacional, Mi Raza, A La Bandera, La Siesta, Sobre El Plinto(Dedicated to Mabini), Paisaje Filipino, A Emilio Jacinto, Los Martires Anonimos de la Patria, and El Solo de la Independencia.

Acclaimed in practically all Spanish-speaking countries, his poems, together wiht his biography, appeared in the World Anthology of Spanish Poetry by a Danish writer, Monsieur Carl Kjermeier, and in the wold-famous Enciclopedia Espana among other foreign books. Subsequently, Apostol was made a member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Literature. Some of his poems have been translated to German.

In 1935, this great poet-lawyer turned down the offer to become of of President Quezon's legal advisers. Later he retired as Manila's assistant fiscal, leaving his job without claiming the customary retirement privileges. He had also worked in the law office of Don Vicente Francisco as a brief writer and legal researcher.

On September 17, 1938, the great Filipino poet and lawyer died of cerebral hemorrhage in his home in Caloocan at the age of 61, leaving his wife Margarita San Jose and their six children.

References:

Manuel, E. Arsenio. Dictionary of Philippine Biography Volume 3. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications, 1986

Zaide, Gregorio F. Great Filipinos in History. Manila: Verde Bookstore, 1970

Biography

 

Cecilio Apostol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

 

 

Cecilio Apostol was a Filipino poet. His poems were once used to teach the Spanish language under the Republic Act No. 1881.[1]

 

He was born in Santa Cruz, Manila and studied at the Ateneo de Manila where he finished his Bachelor of Arts, before studying law at the University of Santo Tomas. During the early years of American occupation he worked as a journalist for the revolutionary newspapers Independence, The Brotherhood, The Union, Renaissance and Democracy. His pseudonym on his work at the La Independencia, under Antonio Luna, was Catulo.[2] He later joined the Nacionalista Party which wanted the independence of the Philippines from the United States.[3] He was a member of the Philippine Academy from 1924 until his death. Apostol wrote in English and Spanish, and composed poems that demonstrated his mastery of Spanish. He composed the poem Al Heroes Nacional (To the National Hero) which is dedicated to Jose Rizal.[4] In the book of poems, Pentélicas, he described landscapes evoking a vivid images. He died in Caloocan, Rizal.

 

Cecilio Apostol

Mula sa Tagalog na Wikipedia, ang malayang ensiklopedya

Tumalon sa: nabigasyon, hanapin

 

Si Cecilio Apostol ay isang manananggol subalit di matatawaran ang kanyang kakayahan bilang makata sa wikang Kastila at Tagalog. Hindi lamang dito kinikilala si Cecilio Apostol sa pagiging makata, sa Espanya at Latin Amerika ay sinasabing lalong kilala siya bilang "the greatest Filipino epic poet in Spanish."

 

Tubong Santa Cruz, Maynila, isinilang siya noong Nobyembre 22, 1877. Anim silang magkakapatid at siya ang pangatlo mula sa panganay. Ang kanyang mga magulang ay sina Jose Pablo Apostol at Marcelina delos Reyes.

 

Mula pa sa pagkabata ay nakita na sa kanya ang pagkahilig sa tula. Nasa ikatlong baitang pa lamang siya ng mababang paaralan ay sumusulat na siya ng mga tula. Sa mga palatuntunang pampaaralan ay lagi siyang tumutula at sariling mga tula ang kanyang binibigkas. Bukod sa tula, mahilig din siya sa sining. Sa bahay nagpipinta siya at ang kanyang karaniwang ipinipinta ay kalikasan, mga bulaklak, ibon at mga tao.

 

Simpleng tao lamang si Cecilio. Tahimik siya, simpleng manamit at umiiwas sa publisidad. Nang matapos sa mababang paaralan, si Apostol ay pinagaral ng kanyang ninong sa Ateneo de Manila, kung saan naipagpatuloy niya ang kanyang hilig sa pagsusulat ng mga tula at pagguhit ng mga larawan.

 

Nag-aral din siya sa Unibersidad ng Santo Tomas kung saan tinapos niya ang Bachiller en Artes. Kumuha din siya ng Law at naging kaklase niya sina Sergio Osmeña at Manuel L. Quezon. Nabalam ang pag-aaral niya ng Law nang maganap ang Unang Sigaw sa Balintawak noong Agosto 26, 1896. Nakisama siya sa mga gawain nina Andres Bonifacio bilang mga rebolusyonaryo. Hindi man siya gumamit ng sandata at sumasama sa pakikipaglaban sa mga kaaway, ginamit naman niya ang kanyang panulat. Miyembro siya ng editorial staff ng pahayagan ni Heneral Antonio Luna na La Independencia. Kasama niya sina Rafael Palma, Epifanio delos Santos, Fernando Ma. Guerrero at iba pang mga manunulat na makabayan.

 

Sa panahon ng rebolusyon niya nakilala ang babaing kanyang nakaisang-dibdib, si Margarita San Jose na taga-Paco, Maynila. Nagkaroon siya ng 6 na anak, 3 lalaki (Redentor, Jose, Horacio) at 3 babae (Lourdes, Ofelia at Eden).

 

Bilang manananggol, naglilingkod siya sa tanggapan ng Piskal ng Maynila. Kinagiliwan niya ang kanyang gawain sa tanggapang ito at dahil sa kanyang katapatan, kasipagan at kaalaman sa batas ay inalok siya ng promosyon at dagdag na sweldo. Iyon ay kanyang tinanggihan at sinabing ibigay na lang sa ibang kasama niyang bata pa sa gawain at dapat din namang makatanggap ng promosyon. Higit daw na mahalaga sa kanya ang masaya siya sa kahyang ginagawa. Ayon sa kanya, ang pagiging masaya niya sa kanyang ginagawa ay isa nang gantimpala.

 

Sa kabila ng pagiging abala sa tanggapan ng Piskal, hindi rin niya nalilimutan ang pagsulat ng tula. Bilang dalubwika, maliban sa Tagalog at Kastila, nakapagsulat siya sa iba pang mga wika tulad ng Latin, Griego, Aleman at Italyano. Natutuhan niya ang mga wikang ito sa pamamagitan ng sariling pag-aaral. Ayon kay Don Jaime C. de Veyra, si Apostol ay kontento na at masaya sa karangalang ibinigay sa kanya bilang pinakamahusay na tagapagsalin mula sa wikang Ingles sa wikang Kastila.

 

Ang mga tula ni Apostol ay tinipon ni De Veyra na may kasamang panimulang salita ni Claro M. Recto na may pamagat na Pentelecas na nalimbag at nalathala noong taong 1941. Ang ilang tulang kasama sa katipunang ito ay Al Herse Nacional, Mi Raza, A La Bandera, La Siesta, Sobre El Plinto, Paisaje Filipino, at iba pa. Naging manunulat siya ng mga pahayagang La Patria, La Fraternidad, La Democracia, at El Renacimiento. Ang kanyang mga tula, kasama ng kanyang talambuhay ay lumabas sa World Anthology of Spanish Poetry ni Monsenyor Carl Kjersmeir (manunulat na Danish) at sa Encyclopedia España (kilala sa buong daigdig). Ang dalawa niyang tulang nagbigay sa kanya ng karangalan ay Los Martires Anonimos de la Patria (The Nameless Martyrs of the Country) at Al Yankee. Siva ang tanging makatang Pilipinong tumanggap ng napakaraming parangal at mga papuri.

 

Namatay siya sa sakit na Cerebral Hemorrhage noong Setyembre 17, 1938 sa kanilang tahanan sa Caloocan sa gulang na 61.
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