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Dickason Surname DNA Project

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Member Count: 115
Decunson , Dicason , Dickarson , Dickason , Dickens , Dickenson , Dickerman , Dickerson , Dickeson , Dickin , Dickinson , Dickison , Dickon , Dickons , Dickonson , Dickson , Dicon , Diconson , Dicounesson , Dicun , Dikkonson , Dikson , Dixon , Dyason , Dyckenson , Dycson , Dyke , Dykes , Dykstra
Dickason,-er, -in, -en son, etc. Goal is to connect or reject the relationship between the DICKASON lines AND other variant spellings above. We are clearly affected by spelling variants.

Participants MUST send the Group Administrator a single line pedigree from themselves to their earliest known ancestor. Include dates and locations of deaths and births, and spousal information, if known.

Information is available on the website http://www.familytreedna.com/public/DickasonDNA. See Results (a drop-down under the "About This Group" Button at the top left), and "Y-DNA Results" (Button on top banner to the right of the "About this Group" Button).

Note 1: It is cheaper to obtain testing as a group member. See prices by clicking here. As a minimum, it is suggested that you start out with the 25 marker test, preferably 37 marker. Matches at 12 markers mean very little other than ruling someone out as not matching anyone else in the project. If a match is made at 12, an upgrade to at least 25 will be needed. The 25 marker test is available only to project members.
Upgrades to more markers later leads to a higher overall cost. For example, an upgrading from 12 to 25 markers and then later to 37 can add to a total that is greater than if a 37 marker test was purchased at the outset.

Note 2: If you have already tested with one of these companies (Relative Genetics, DNAHeritage, Ancestry, Oxford Ancestors, or Genebase), you can receive a discount on testing at FTDNA click here.

Note 3: See also DIXON surname project for DIXON. Those with DICKSON may want to consider the DIXON and/or DICKASON Projects. You can belong to several projects simultaneously.

Free Site Counters

Contact Group Administrator by clicking this link.

There are currently (7-23-2014) 105 participants that have submitted y-DNA.
62 members have been assigned to 8 groups. The remaining 43 are unassigned.
The numbers noted here will not agree with the count at the top of the Project Profile Page depending how long it has been since an update.

Each of the groups do NOT relate to each other, nor do the unassigned relate to any other participants.

There are currently a few members participating on the basis of mt-DNA or Family Finder results.
However, there is no attempt to tabulate, or discuss these results. This is a y-DNA project.

Click on the About This Group button at the top left, then on Goals in the drop-down menu for a discussion of the Goals. 
Click on the About This Group button at the top left, then on Results in the drop-down menu for a discussion of the identified groups in the project.

Click on the Y-DNA Results button to the right of the About This Group button for the actual STR and SNP data. It is possible to print the y-DNA Chart as follows: 1) Right click on the chart, then Select All; 2) then Copy; 3) Paste into an open Excel spreadsheet; 4) Delete extraneous cells, save, and print.

See "History of the Dickason (and variants) name" by clicking on the About This Group button, then News in the drop-down menu.

It is suggested that you start with, as a minimum, with the 25 marker test, preferably 37 markers. Matches at 12 markers mean very little other than ruling someone out as not matching anyone else in the project. If a match is made at 12, an upgrade to at least 25 will be needed. Ordering testing in stages makes the cost overall more expensive.

Attention: Participants MUST send a single line pedigree from you to your earliest known ancestor to the Group Administrator. Include dates and locations of deaths and births. Include spousal information if known. If possible include the brothers and sisters of those in your direct line to your ancestor.

Note 1: All participants of the National Geographic Genographic DNA Project who are descended on a direct paternal line from Dickason or variants, e.g., Dickinson, Dixon, Dickerson, Dickenson, etc.are welcome to join this y-DNA Project! You can do so by ordering from your personal page.

NOTE 2: See also DIXON surname project for DIXON. Those with DICKSON may want to consider the DIXON and/or DICKASON Projects. You can belong to several projects simultaneously.

If you have been aided in your genealogical research by use of this website, please consider making a donation to the project using the link below. Thanks.

The goals of the DICKASON (and other spelling variants - Dickison, Dickenson, Dickerson, Dickinson, Dickson, Dixon, etc.) y-DNA Project are:


1. Help researchers from common or related families work together to find their shared heritage using Y-DNA.


2. Identify how the participant's families are connected, both genetically using Y-DNA and through paper trails.


3. Identify and confirm genetic Lineages of ancestral families using both STR and SNP records.


When testing the Y-chromosome, there are two types of tests, short tandem repeat (STR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP).  A Y-DNA test looks at male inherited Y-chromosome DNA. As the Y-chromosome is passed on from a father to his sons, it is only found in males. Y-DNA testing can then be used to trace clearly a direct paternal line.  Further information about Y-DNA STR testing is at:



STR tests are best for recent ancestry while SNP tests tell about more ancient ancestry. SNP testing is used to determine a person’s haplogroup which lies on the main trunk of the family tree.  Subclades are the finer branches of the trunk and SNP testing helps to find out which sub-branch of the haplogroup a person belongs to.


Further information about SNP testing is found here:



Click on the Y-DNA Results button to the right of the About This Group button for the STR page. It is in either classic or colorized format.  The SNP page will show the SNP results for our members.


MRCA (Most Recent Common Ancestor) or TMRCA (Time to Most Recent Ancestor)

The most important means of connecting or rejecting relationships on a scientific basis is the comparison of the y-DNA markers. The greater the number of markers compared, the less error associated with the estimate of the MRCA. The abbreviated table below shows examples for 12, 25, 37, 67, and 111 markers.

For example, a match of 23 of 25 markers only allows an estimate at 50% probability that the MRCA was not more than 11 generations ago. However, a match of 35 of 37 markers allows an estimate at 50% probability that the MCRA was not more than 6 generations ago - cutting the time in half.

You can convert the generations to years by multiplying the number of generations by an average number of years between generations. In general, you can use an average of 25 years per generation, although the average can vary from family to family. We start counting generations with the parent generation. Therefore, the father of the person tested would be 1 generation ago, the paternal grandfather 2 generations ago, etc.

These MRCA can be accessed by clicking on the link shown as TiP from the your listing of matches. If traditional genealogical records indicate that a common ancestor between you and your match could not have lived in a certain number of past generations (e.g., 4 or 5), your TiP results can be refined.

You should test more Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) STR (short tandem repeat markers when you want to compare additional markers against others with similar results. Our motto could be: Test only what you need, and upgrade only when necessary.

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) Number of matching markersProbability that the MRCA was not more than this number of generations ago 50%90%95% 10 of 10 16.5 56 72 11 of 12 17 39 47 12 of 12 7 23 29 23 of 25 11 23 27 24 of 25 7 16 20 25 of 25 3 10 13 35 of 37 6 12 14 36 of 37 4 8 10 37 of 37 2 to 3 5 7 65 of 67 6 12 14 66 of 67 4 8 9 67 of 67 2 4 6 107 of 111 7 11 13 108 of 111 5 10 11 109 of 111 4 8 9 110 of 111 2 6 7 111 of 111 1 3 to 4 5
See "Results" button for latest discussion of y-DNA Subgroups. ORIGINS OF THE SURNAME DICKASON (AND VARIANTS)
 Two project members have researched the origin of our surnames - January 2010.

The first discussion has been posted here since June 2005. It was authored by Graham Brian Dickason (project Group D) of South Africa. This discussion is contained in THE DICKASON FAMILY IN SOUTH AFRICA: Genealogical data on the Dickason Family in South Africa and the Branch of that Family in Argentina, by Graham Brian Dickason. First printing April 2003, revised and reprinted August 2003, Copyright 2003, ISBN 0-620-30934-2 (reproduced with his permission). It also available on other websites, e.g.,

Graham’s discussion might be considered more traditional and is along the lines of similar discussions:


Recently a new project member (project Group E), Keith Thomas Berry has completed research that comes to a different view. Since I am not an onomatologist, I present them both for your consideration.

[PRINTING - If your browser doesn't allow printing of this page, or is printed in a very small font, try this: highlight the desired text, copy it, paste it into Word, and print from there.]

Graham Dickason

The origins of the name Dickason are interesting, for in these can be seen the reasons for the common misspelling that so often occurs. Genealogists accept that the name Dickason is a corruption of Dickinson. In this form it has been derived firstly from Dick, the English abbreviation for Richard, then from assimilating the suffix -in or -kin, signifying the younger of the kinship, and lastly -son, the son of Richard.

The name Richard is Teutonic in origin and meant harsh king or ruler. Though it makes a rare appearance in England before the Norman Conquest of 1066 AD, it is only with the advent of the first Norman king of this name, Richard I, who ruled England from 1189 to 1199 that it gained in popularity. This was no doubt due to the adventures of Richard I, which earned him the additional name of Coeur-de-Lion.

One must go back some 600 years before 1066 to the mid-Fifth Century to find the origins from which Richard has been derived and then transmuted by varying spellings into modern languages. The leading syllable is from the same source as Ragn, it is he who executes judgment, the ruler or king – the same as the Indian Rajah, and Rex which is connected to the Latin regere, to rule. In Gothic it was Reiks, then Rich in Old High Germanic and Ric or Ryce in Anglo-Saxon.

The earliest Anglo-Saxon record of the name Richard dates from the year 673 AD, when Egbert, the King of Kent, died and left the throne to his son Edric, who was usurped by Lothaire (Hlothere) the late king's brother. Lothaire took possession of the kingdom and in order to secure the power in his family, enlisted Richard, his son, in what was ultimately a vain attempt to secure continuity for the family.

Edric, the disinherited prince, sought help from the King of Sussex in the adjoining kingdom. Edric won a battle against Lothaire and Richard in 684. Lothaire died of wounds and Richard fled across the sea into Germany, thence onwards to Lucca in Tuscany, where he became a monk and is said to have wrought many miracles.

The Norman dynasty must have had some connection with Lucca, for it is recorded that The Holy Face of Lucca was William Rufus's favourite oath when he followed William I to the English throne. The second Norman duke, Richard I, grandson of the founder of the duchy of Normandy, is the first Norman to bear the name. He transmitted it to two successors. Although Richard became a national name and three Richards have held the throne, the name was discarded by British royalty after the enormities imputed to the last Plantagenet.

The origin in English of the nickname Dick stems from the French form of nickname for Richard used when hereditary surnames began in England. Surnames had begun to make their appearance in France from about the Tenth Century onwards. With the Norman Conquest, Dicon, Diquon and Digon were introduced into England. At that time, Anglo-Saxon names were still confined to personal names only. Then the use of surnames began in the British Isles, with the old personal names rapidly superseded by the new versions of Christian names being introduced.

Between 1066 and 1400 most families in England adopted permanent surnames, usually indicative of patronymic descent or occupation. In 1465 the use of surnames was made compulsory by Act of Parliament. This was followed in 1538 when the order was given by Thomas Cromwell, vicar-general to King Henry VIII, whereby it was made the duty of every parish clergyman to keep registers of baptisms, marriages and burials. This order was in fact implemented very slowly, being largely ignored at first.

The earliest record in England of the nickname Diquon is in the old English forms Diccon and Dicon, Dickin coming at a later stage. The son of Diccon arises where the parent was named Richard, the old nickname adopting the French and later, English colloquialism of using the letter D for names beginning with R – denoting the diminutive. Thus in this period we have Dodge for Roger, Dob for Robert and so on. Later we find the letter H appears as an alternative to D – hence the old English rhyme Hickory, Dickory Dock. Humphrey replaced Dumphrey and led to Humpty Dumpty. Hick was later lazified into Higg, and thence to the patronymic Higgin and Higginson. The word Dick, however, stuck more closely to the sharpened form to become in later usage the first portion of a patronymic name.

As surnames came to be adopted, the use of the word son, denoting the male child, came to be used in turning a local or nickname into a baptismal surname. Hence the son of the cook, Cookson; the son of the shepherd, Shepherdson, and in the same way Diccon became Dicconson and Dicon became Diconson. The early forms of the surname that derived from Diquon appear variously in the rolls and lists of population of England as Dicon, Diccon, Dicconson and Dicun. The use of Dickon as an abbreviation for Richard is substantiated, for instance, by William Shakespeare’s (Act V, Scene 3, 304–5) King Richard the Third where Norfolk is warned not to give overt support to Richard III, whose fate is mostly probably sealed:
Jockey of Norfolk, be not so bold,
 For Dickon thy master is bought and sold.Another example is the record of John and Henry Dicounesson de Clesnesse, being the sons of Richard, the son of Henry de Clesnesse listed in the patent rolls, Northumberland in 1359. Other early variations include:          1296 William de Dyck Edinburgh
1366 William Dykounson S.R.A.Archive
1388 John Dykonesson F.R.Y.
1518 Henry Dicason GILD Y
1585 Gilbert Dyckenson Sheffield Archive
1598 Henry Dikersone A.D. v.i. (Nf)
1598 Nicholas Dickersone, son of DicunBy the late Seventeenth Century, we begin to find the usage and spelling as Dickason. One of the early cases is the birth of Susanna Dickason, daughter of Elizabeth Dickason, being entered in the records of St John the Baptist Church, Walbrook, in the City of London. A few years later, in 1692, the same records mention Daniel Dickason, son of Elizabeth Dickason, evidently the same mother as Susanna’s. In Necton, Norfolk, on 16 November 1684 we have the birth of John Dickason.

The following are the related variations of the name derived from the diminutive for the sons of Richard:


Decunson, Dekoun, Deekon, Deekin
Dicason, Dickason, Dickeson
Diccon, Dicconson
Dickon, Dickons, Dickonson
Dicon, Diconson Dicounesson
Dikson, Dickson, Dikkonson
Diquon, Digon (French)
Dyck,Dycks, Dycson, Dyckenson


Dick, Dicks, Dicke, Dickie
Dickason, Dickenson, Dickerson, Dickinson
Dickens, Dickin, Dickison Dickson, Dixon
Dyke, Dykes, Dykstra, Dyason

Keith Berry

Here is my theory about the origin of the surname Dickason/Dickenson/Dickerson/Dickinson/Dickison.

Regardless of how the surname has been spelled, it has always consisted of three syllables: the first being Dick, the last being son, and the middle one being a or en or er or in or i. Any successful search for the origin of this surname must account for all three syllables. Of course, the last syllable, son, meant that the first holder of that surname was the son of a man who had been known by only a single name. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to find the original meaning of the other two syllables: Dicka or Dicken or Dicker or Dickin or Dicki.

Written records have revealed that a man named Johnne Dykonson[1] was living in England[2] in the 1200’s of the Common Era [CE].[3] So, obviously, the first Dykonson was the son of a man whose only name had been Dykon.

For the next eight generations some male descendants of this Johnne Dykonson lived on the north side of the Humber Estuary [now Kingston-Upon-Hull in the East Riding of Yorkshire].[4] This area had been occupied for fifteen or twenty centuries by the Parisi tribe[5] and their descendants.[6] The Parisi were “a relatively progressive people”[7] and they had established there a local culture [Arras[8]] based on the culture from their previous home [La Tene[9]] in central Europe.[10]

One modern male descendant[11] of Johnne Dykonson carries the L21 marker [haplogroup R1b1b2a1b5] in his yDNA. This reflects an ancestral lineage that had come to Britain from the La Tene culture of southern Germany.[12] So the yDNA data confirm the existing ethnographic information about the Dykonson family of eastern Yorkshire.

The original name Dykon identified this 1200’s Englishman as a servant. The name was based on diakon, the Greek word for “servant,” which had become diacon in the Latin language[13] spoken during the Roman occupation of Britain. The Christian Church, which had been introduced into Britain by the Romans, included a leadership position entitled diacon, an “office of collecting and distributing…alms.”[14] But after the Romans left Britain in the 400’s CE, this office “declined in the West as a distinct rank of clerical service and eventually disappeared [except as] a ‘transitional’ order given to candidates on their way to priestly ordination.”[15]

As the ecclesiastical diacon for clergy became less important in the Roman church, the secular role of diacon as servant became more important in Anglo-Saxon, Viking and Norman societies. In Old English the word remained diacon[16] or became deakne;[17] in Old French the word became diacne;[18] in Middle English the word became deken or dekene;[19] and in modern English deacon.[20] At a time when words were more often spoken than spelled, someone apparently tried to spell deken the way it sounded and so wrote it as Dykon.

In 13th century Britain any man known as Dykon was a man who performed the occupation of a servant. Others would have used this title as his nickname.[21] So, if a gentleman wanted to speak to his servant, he would simply address him as Dykon. Thus the word Dykon became the servant’s name, and when this man became a father his son was given the surname Dykon’s Son or simply Dykonson.[22] This theory accounts for all three syllables in the family’s surname, and is consistent with the time and place of the name’s origin.

But other theories have been proposed by other people.

One story is that the ancestors of this family had come to England from the city of Caen in Normandy, France, and so they had become known as de Caen.[23] However, there is ethnographic evidence that the Parisi people, who were the paternal ancestors of this family, had arrived in Britain during the last 500 years before the Common Era [BCE].[24] Therefore, if this family had been from Caen and if they had immigrated into England during the age of the Parisi, it seems unlikely that the city of their origin would have defined their name some twelve to seventeen centuries later in another location.

A second possibility is that some members of this family had worked in the construction or maintenance of dikes [dykes].[25] It is true that dikes [dykes] were sometimes built in early Britain to mark boundaries. A dikeworker living in Yorkshire in the 1200’s CE certainly might have become known by his occupation, but there is no evidence of any two-syllable word having been used to identify a dikeworker of that era, nor of a three-syllable word having been used to identify the son of a dikeworker.

Some have noted that the syllable Dick became a nickname for the forename Richard.[26] But “the earliest recorded use in English” of Dick as a nickname for Richard was in 1553,[27] and that was about 300 years after the first recorded use of the surname Dykonson. So the Dyk of Dykon or Dykonson was from a time too early to have been intended as a nickname for Richard. Furthermore, the single syllable Dick does not explain the origin of the second syllable in this family’s name.

Another consideration is whether the second syllable in the surname Dickenson or Dickinson—the syllable ken or kin—might imply kinship with the person named in the first syllable, such as Dick’s kin.[28] However, the use of kin as a “suffix forming diminutive nouns”[29] which might have been used for a name like Thomkin[son] or Hopkin[s]—or even the hypothetical Dickkin[son] with two “k’s”—was not characteristic of the early English language. Instead, the kin suffix emerged from the Middle Dutch kijn or ken and/or from the Middle Low German kin, both meaning “little”[30] as in “Little Tom,” “Little Hop,” or the hypothetical “Little Dick.”

Thus, several possible theories about the origin of this family’s name have been carefully considered and respectfully rejected for reasonable cause. But the theory of “dykon as servant” remains as the explanation which is most consistent with all available evidence.

During the last 800 years, in English and American documents, the three-syllable surname has been spelled in various ways including Dickason, Dickenson, Dickerson, Dickeson, Dickinson, Dickinsonne, Dickison, Dykensonne and Dykonson. But all appear to have emerged from the Johnne Dykonson family or from other servant families who lived in England during the Middle Ages.

Now, their descendants are dispersed into every continent of the world.

[1] “Johnne Dykonson and Margaret de Lambert” in “Ancestors of David and Carla Goodloe,” http://www.dickerson-goodloe.com/onlineversion/f844.htm.

[2] Note that Don Dickson has written that “[I]t is fairly safe to assume that the surname Dickson originated in the British Isles,” and “the surname Dixon has good solid origins in Yorkshire.” Source: “Origins of the surname Dickson,” copyright 1999 as “the-dicksons.org” and last updated April 22, 2008, http://www.thedicksons.org/name/name_index.htm

[3] “Johnne Dykonson and Margaret de Lambert,” op. cit.

[4] The first in this lineage to have moved away from Kingston-upon-Hull was Hugh Dickinson, who c.1451 moved to Kenson Manor in Leeds, Yorkshire. Source: “Hugh Dickinson and Agnes or Alice de Swillington” in “Ancestors of David and Carla Goodloe,” http://www.dickerson-goodloe.com/onlineversion/f814.htm

[5] The Parisi tribe of Britain was related to the Parisii tribe of Gaul [now France], who settled on the Seine River and gave their name to the city of Paris which developed in their territory. Source: Andrew Hussey, PARIS: THE SECRET HISTORY (New York: Bloomsbury, 2006), p. 3.

[6] ANCIENT BRITAIN: HISTORICAL MAP (Southampton, United Kingdom: Ordnance Survey, 2005).

[7] Richard Muir, THE YORKSHIRE COUNTRYSIDE: A LANDSCAPE HISTORY (Edinburgh, Scotland: Keele University Press, 1997), p. 58.

[8] “Arras culture", http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arras_culture

[9] “La Tene culture", http://en.wikipedia.org:80/wiki/La_Tène_culture

[11] This author, Keith T. Berry, is a descendant of Reuben Berry who was born c.1750 in King George County, Virginia, and was the bastard child of Sarah Berry and an unidentified man who carried the L21 marker in his yDNA. Because the yDNA which this unidentified man transmitted to Keith T. Berry is so similar to that now carried by several other men now surnamed Dickason, Dickenson, Dickerson, Dickinson and Dickison, a search for the biological father of this Reuben Berry was made in the written records of early King George County, Virginia. County court records revealed that both Henry Berry (1694-1749) and Thomas Dickenson (c.1680/90-1735) lived at the same time [the 1730’s] in the same parish [Hanover] of the same county [King George], and once served together on the same grand jury [November 3, 1732]. This Henry Berry was the father of the above-named Sarah Berry. This Thomas Dickenson was the father of six children: John and possibly Thomas Jr., James, William, Sarah and Edward. Significantly, this Thomas Dickenson (c.1680/90-1735) was in the 16th or 17th generation of male descendants from the earliest known Johnne Dykonson of England. [See above.] Source of the last sentence: “Griffith Dickenson and Elizabeth Springall” in “Ancestors of David and Carla Goodloe,” http://www.dickerson-goodloe.com/onlineversion/f795.htm

[12] Eupedia, “Origins, age, spread and ethnic association of European haplogroups and subclades", June, 2009, http://www.eupedia.com/europe/origins_haplogroups_europe.shtml
[13] Henry Harrison, SURNAMES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM: A CONCISE ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY (London, 1912 and 1918; reprinted in Baltimore by Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969; reprinted in Baltimore by Clearfield Company, Inc., 1992), two volumes in one, I:111.

[14] F. L. Cross, editor, THE OXFORD DICTIONARY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH (London: Oxford University Press, 1974), pp. 379 and 380.

[15] Keith A. Fournier, “The Deacon: From the Altar to the World", http://www.deaconsforlife.org/articles/fournierpermdeac.htm

[17] Patrick Hanks, editor, DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN FAMILY NAMES (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), I:418.

[18] Ibid.


[20] Ibid.

[21] “Many names such as Bishop, Deacon, King, Priest, or Squire are much more likely to have originated as nicknames….The development, as well as the origin, of surnames based on nicknames…seems to have been used by both French and Scandinavian traditions [in England].” Source: Colin D. Rogers, THE SURNAME DETECTIVE: INVESTIGATING SURNAME DISTRIBUTION IN ENGLAND, 1086 – PRESENT DAY, (Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1955), pp. 189 and 212.

[22] Cf. ibid, p. 213.

[23] Margaret Odrowaz-Sypniewska, “The Dickerson Name,” November 5, 2005, http://www.angelfire.com/mi4/polcrt/DickersonName.html
[24] Eupedia, “Origins, age, spread and ethnic association of European haplogroups and subclades,” June, 2009, op. cit; cf. ANCIENT BRITAIN: HISTORICAL MAP, op. cit.

[25] Margaret Odrowaz-Sypniewska, “The Dickerson Name,” op. cit.

[26] Don Dickson, “Origins of the surname Dickson,” op. cit., citing THE COLLINS ENGLISH DICTIONARY; cf. Graham Dickason, “The Dickason Family in South Africa: Genealogical data on the Dickason Family in South Africa and the Branch of that Family in Argentina,” 2003, http://homepage.ntlworld.com/richard.dickason/Files/ORIGINS%20OF%20THE%20NAME%20DICKASON.pdf
[27] Frederick C. Mish, editor, MERRIAM-WEBSTER’S COLLEGIATE DICTIONARY (Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 1994), tenth edition, pp. 17a and 321.

[28] Graham Dickason, “The Dickason Family in South Africa: Genealogical data on the Dickason Family in South Africa and the Branch of that Family in Argentina,” op. cit.

[29] Erin McKean, editor, THE NEW OXFORD AMERICAN DICTIONARY (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2005), second edition, p. 469.

[30] Lesley Brown, editor, THE NEW SHORTER OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY ON HISTORICAL PRINCIPLES (Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1993), I:1488.

Limited Update - July, 2014
Summary: The focus is on grouping those whose y-DNA results indicate they have descended from the same early ancestor. It is hoped that these individuals will provide their lineage to be included on this result page. It will then be up to the individuals in the group involved to determine where and when their lines link together. No attempt will be made to provide details on any descendants that have not been DNA tested, except, perhaps, in a limited way, as part of the possible general discussion of the group. As of this report, the following have been identified: 8 distinctly different Groups (A,B,C,D,E, F,G,H). Group X is composed of participants that do not match anyone else tested in the project. When 2 or more participants match, a new group will be added.

An important concept for the understanding of the discussion below is the Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor. There is a discussion of this under Goals reached from the same About this Project button used to get to these Results.

Since the project emphasis is y-DNA, no results from mt-DNA or Family Finder are discussed.
Group A (Haplogroup – R-Z14)

12 Members (3 Dickason, 7 Dickinson, 1 Dixon, 1 Johnson)

David Allen Dickason, 4G Grandson of James b. 1792.
Donald Garrett Dickason, 2G Grandson of James b. 1792,Uniontown, Fayette County, PA.
William Charles Dickason, 4G Grandson of Samuel b. ca 1752 DE (?) -- d. 1846 Buffalo Twnshp, Armstrong Cty, PA.
Charles Clifford Dickinson, ?4G Grandson of Joseph Dickinson b. 1790 New Platz, NY
Gary Mark Dickinson,
Gary Stephen Dickinson,
Robert Ellis Dickinson, 2G Grandson of William Townsend Dickinson b. 1791 (Duchess Cty, NY) -- d. 1859
Robert H. Dickinson, 6G Grandson of John Dickinson b. 1622 England -- d. 1683 Oyster Bay, NY
Thomas Lee Dickinson, 7G Grandson of John Dickinson b. 1622 England -- d. 1683 Oyster Bay, NY
Winston Dickinson, 7G Grandson of John Dickinson b. 1622 England -- d. 1683 Oyster Bay, NY
Jerry Allen Dixon, 5G Grandson of Thomas Dixon b. ca 1700, Dinwiddie, VA
Ed Johnson - Jorgen Olsen, Holbaek Cty, Denmark

This group with the 3 Dickasons was the beginning of this project in late 2002. The addition of other members since, coupled with advances in the number of markers that can be determined has made a large impact. Some earlier discussions are not consistent with today's results.

Donald G. had traced his line back to James Dickason*, 1792 and believed this was the MRCA with David A.Dickason based on their genealogical research.
On upgrading Don G. (posthumously) and David A. to 37 markers, they only match at 33/37. This result is puzzling. If it is assumed the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) is at least 4 generations out, it is a low probability that James b. 1792 is their MRCA. Don G. was the project originator and prior administrator. He died July 17, 2006.

Early in the project it was believed that William's ancestor Samuel (1752) was somehow linked with James (1792), perhaps his father or an uncle. However, William is 32/37 with Donald G. and 34/37 with David A. These 3 Dickasons appear to have some early links to Delaware,then Fayette County, PA and later Armstrong County, PA,before dispersing to mid-western locations. The likely ancestors are English based on DNA,but we have had no success in documenting it.

The above two paragraphs have been modified as a result of recent Family Finder results. William’s at-DNA (autosomal-DNA, FTDNA Family Finder) shows him to be a 4th cousin of a man descending from James (1792). This supports that William is closely related to James’ line and indicates caution is required in assessing the degree of matching of STRs and MRCA calculations.

With the joining of the Dickinson members in more recent years, many possibilities have opened up. The 110/111 match of Thomas Dickinson and William Dickason is especially interesting. Thomas has traced his line to New Brunswick, Canada and from there back to NY and Captain John Dickinson who married Elizabeth Howland from the Mayflower. With the New Brunswick connection, it is possible that they were Loyalists. However, William’s Samuel received a Revolutionary War Pension for his service. William Dickason has not been able to establish any documentation to the Dickinsons.

The Dickinson in Group A all have their early ancestors in NY. Thomas Dickinson is a 5th cousin to Winston who is also from the New Brunswick line of John Dickinson descendants. Winston is from Amos Dickinson's son Arden Dickinson and Thomas is from Amos' son Peter Dickinson.
More discussion is needed here for newer members.

A match of 36/37 (lesser markers with other project members) of Ed Johnson and Robert H. Dickinson is curious. We have no verifiable explanation of this anomaly.

It is also worth noting that this Dickinson line is completely distinct from the Dickinson line in Group D of this project. It has erroneously been propagated through the genealogical literature that Captain John had a brother Nathaniel. The Nathaniel from which Group D descends in America has entirely different y-DNA from Group A.

Jerry Allen Dixon is 24/25 with several members. This family traversed from Southeastern Virginia to North Carolina to Kentucky to Arkansas to Texas. There are no known geographical overlaps of the Dickason and this Dixon. Any MRCA of Jerry must be on the order of 400 years ago.

*An important note, Arthur C. Gannett, in his undated work "Descendants of James and Mary (White) Dickason", has hypothesized that the parents of James Dickason, b. 1792 were a certain John Dickason, and his wife Ruth and/or Jones. Donald G. Dickason has proven this information to be wrong. Since Gannett's work appears in many libraries and other citations, the listing of John and Ruth and/or Jones exists in many places. Gannett's undated work is first referred to about 1940. Prior to that in 1936 David H. Dickason (Donald G. Dickason's Uncle) issued his "Notes on the History Dickason Family, and Branches" assembled from various letters, notes, etc. Much of Gannett's material came from the work of David H. Dickason, but Gannett added to it considerably.

Group B (Haplogroup – R-M512)

7 Members (4 Dickason, 2 Dickerson, 1 Olson)

Donald Wayne Dickason, GG Grandson of Isaac, b. 1776 and likely the GGG Grandson of Jacob.
James R. Dickason, GGG Grandson of Jacob, b. 1779, VA
Jerry Grove Dickason, GGGG Grandson of John b. ca 1760, Rockingham County, VA (or MD?)
Michael L. Dickason (only 12 marker test, and not discussed further)
Dale Dean Dickerson
John G. Dickerson, GGG Grandson of Emory Dickerson, Somerset County, MD
Edwin O. Olson

Donald and James are a 25/25 marker match. Jerry and John are 24/25 with them, but are 23/25 with each other.

Based on research by Donald G. Dickason (the originator of this DNA project and now deceased) and Donald Wayne, it is believed that Donald Wayne and James R. are from the line of Jacob Dickason (b. ca 1750). It is somewhat confusing because Jacob was a given name within several generations.

Unfortunately for the earliest ancestor shown above for the Dickason descendants, we lack Donald G. Dickason's documentation. Donald Wayne does have his documentation to Isaac. Jerry Grove Dickason is no longer reachable via the project, and his 1 marker difference likely points to an earlier common ancestor than Jacob. This would also be the case with John G. Dickerson.

It would be valuable if Donald Wayne and James R. could upgrade to at least 37 to compare with John's 37 markers.

Group C (Haplogroup - E-L542)

3 Members (All Dickerson)

Jason Todd Dickerson - James M. Dickerson b. 1825 GA
Kenneth R. Dickerson - Willis Dickerson, b. ca. 1790 Pendleton, Anderson County, SC
Scott Alan Dickerson - Robert Dickinson b. 1712 NC

This small group of three belongs to a distinct haplogroup from the other groups in this surname project.

Jason and Kenneth match on 37/37 markers. Paper trails for them suggest they have a common ancestor, and there are some common first and middle names seen in their genealogies, but research has yet to pinpoint the common family link. Today these two live in North Texas, but were unknown to each other before DNA testing.

Scott has tested to 67 markers and has a 36/37 match with Jason and Kenneth. No paper linkage from Scott to the others has been found.

Jason and Kenneth also have a 37/37 match, and Scott a 36/37 match with a non-project FTDNA member with a different surname.

Group D (Haplogroup - I-P37)

9 Members (3 Dickason, 5 Dickinson, 1 Sullivan)

Graham Brian Dickason, 7G Grandson Jorge (George, Gorge) Dickason b. ca. 1635, Necton, Norfolk, England
Philip Richard Dickason, 9G Grandson                 "                                "                                            "
Richard George Dickason
Gregory Michael Dickinson
Harry Dickinson
Larry Ray Dickinson, 9G Grandson Nathaniel Dickinson b. May 3, 1601, Billingsborough, Lincolnshire, England
Peter Jaeger Dickinson
Robert E. Dickinson
Allen Michael Sullivan

Graham resides in South Africa. He has relations: Barrie Dickason (Argentina), and Graeme Dickason (Australia). Philip and Richard reside in England.

Apparently on the migration to America "Dickason" morphed to "Dickinson". The 4 Dickinson all live in the US. They all descend from Deacon Nathaniel Dickinson, from whom Emily Dickinson descends - see Robert E. Dickinson's URL below. Robert does not make the connection to England. However, DNA proves that ultimately this line descends from Jorge Dickason.

The following have made their genealogical research available on line. Click on the link to access.

Richard George Dickason, http://homepage.ntlworld.com/richard.dickason/ Trees of others can be accessed from the Trees Button on the left.

Peter Jaeger Dickinson,

Robert E. Dickinson, http://www.myheritageimages.com/G/storage/site75969431/files/3s/l2/17/3sl217_674567d9cfc4b4hezol217.pdf

Larry Ray Dickinson, http://dickason.us/DNA_PDFs/Relationship_Larry_Dickinson_to_Nathaniel_Dickinson.PDF

Group E (Haplogroup - R-L21)

25 Members (1 Dickason, 3 Dickenson, 11 Dickerson, 3Dickinson, 1 Dickison, 1 Berry, 1 Davis, 1 Gibson, 1 Hankinson, 2 Thurman)

Bradford Stewart Dickason
Charles Howard Dickenson
Donald Robert Dickenson
Ronald Dickenson
Carlton Monroe Dickerson
H. Ashby Dickerson (Nephew to Joseph Patrick)
Jeffrey H. Dickerson
Jon Edward Dickerson
Joseph Patrick Dickerson
Julius AmesDickerson
Lee Hedley Dickerson
Melvin Raymond Dickerson
P. G. Dickerson
Phillip Dickerson
Thomas Alvin Dickerson
Brents Dickinson - Benjamin Dickinson, d. Hanover County VA cir 1790
William Nelson Dickinson
William Temple Dickinson
Richard J. Dickison
Keith Thomas Berry
Charles Raymond Davis
Ronald Carl Gibson
David N. Hankinson
Eddie Leon Thurman
Thomas Eugene Thurman

This line goes back to the Dickerson/Dickerson/Dickinson family living in the New Kent/Hanover/Louisa/King William/Caroline County area of Virginia dating back to the 1600 and early 1700's. Because New Kent and Hanover counties are "burned record" counties, written records are very limited. The name Griffith Dickenson/Dickerson/Dickinson occurs in several families and it is very possible that this line goes back to Griffin Dickinson who married Elizabeth Springall on June 12, 1649 at St. Martin Orgar Church, London, England. Elizabeth was listed as a resident of the parish. On January 5, 1656 this Griffith Dickenson patented 300 acres in James City County on the south west side of Moses Creek (adjacent to 200 acres he already owned) for transportation of six persons including himself twice and Elizabeth Dickenson. This property is located on the north side of the James River near the mouth of the Chickahominy River in current Charles City County. The minutes of the May 28, 1673 Council and General Court of New Kent County refer to Thomas Wilkinson as having married the relict of Griffith Dickeson. [This indicates that Griffith Dickenson died prior to 1673 and his widow, Elizabeth Springall had married Thomas Wilkinson.] The Vestry Book of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent and James City Counties indicates that on February 6, 1688 Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas Wilkinson, died. To date, no written record of the possible children of Griffith and Elizabeth is known to exist.

Bradford Stewart Dickason, who has tested 25 markers - 4th G Grandson of John Dickason, b. ca. 1764, VA. Currently lives in California, USA. This John is circumstantially the son of William Dickenson, Sr., b. 1725, VA, and Grandson of Nathaniel Dickenson, Jr., b. 1700. Possibly from Robert Dickinson ca. 1564 London.

Carlton Monroe Dickerson has tested 67 markers - ???? DICKERSON died Bef. 1795. He married MARGARET. She died Jul 1814 in Prince Edward County, Virginia. Children of DICKERSON and MARGARET are:
i. WILLIAM DICKERSON, b. Bet. 1776 - 1794.
iii. RACHEL DICKERSON, b. 1758.
iv. JEAN DICKERSON, b. 1757; d. Aft. 21 Sep 1850.
v. NANCY DICKERSON, b. Abt. 1775; d. Aft. 21 Sep 1850.
vi. JAMES DICKERSON, b. Bet. 1761 - 1770; d. 22 Nov 1831, Prince Edward County, Virginia.
vii. BENJAMIN DICKERSON, b. Bet. 1761 - 1770; d. Bet. 13 May - 15 Jul 1833.

For Carlton at 67 markers a member of the Spencer Project is off 1. At 37 markers, Donald Robert Dickenson, Richard. J. Dickison, and the same member of the Spencer Project are exact matches; a member of the Thurman Project is off 1; Melvin Raymond Dickerson is off 2;and, Ronald Dickenson is off 3.

Harry Ashby Dickerson, who has tested 12 markers, but is nephew to Joseph Patrick Dickerson, so he will be the same as his uncle, who is deceased. See Joseph Patrick Dickerson.

Jon Edward Dickerson, who has tested 67 markers.

Joseph Patrick Dickerson, who has tested 67 markers Moses Dickerson Sr. b. 1753 Pittsylvania Co. VA d. 23 Mar 1834 Floyd Co, VA Married Jemina Sullivan about 1780. Children: Anna 1780, Moses 1783, Humphrey, Susan, Reed, Elizabeth 1788, Morrel 1790. DAR Application of Beatrice Dickerson Richardson # 330309 for Moses Dickerson Sr. gives his birth date of 1753 and death date after 5 May1832. He took the Oath of Allegiance in Henry Co, VA 1776. She also gives him as son of Griffith Dickerson Sr. and brother of Griffith Jr., and Elijah Botetourt Co survey of 1782 includes 200 acres and 100 acres on Little River for Moses Dickerson Sr. Letters of Patent were issued May 23, 1795 for 200 acres and April 12, 1798 for 100 acres. Moses Dickerson Jr. settled on the 100 acre and his brother Morrel settled on the 200 acre. Moses Sr. and his wife Jemina conveyed land to Moses Jr. and Morell May 29, 1832. 1810 Montgomery Co VA Census NA M252-70, Christiansburg page 659 Moses Dickerson Sr., age over 45 and boys 3 under 10 and 10-16, female over 45.

Melvin Raymond Dickerson, has tested to 67 markers. My ggggrandfather, Zachariah Dickerson, a presumed revolutionary veteran died in Elbert Co. GA 1832 naming David, Robert, John, Dolly, Polly, and Rhoda as children. The 1830 census lists him as 70-80 years and POB as VA suggesting DOB between 1750-1760. John married Elizabeth Thornton and had children including Dozier David who married Celia E. Brown and had children including William Arthur who married Effie Dickson in SC and had children including William Arthur who Married Agnes Ballenger who had 2 children including me. Various tax records from Hanover and Caroline CO. VA list Zachariah or Zach Dicke(i)nson from 1782-94 with no land but 3 in family. There is no known record to link these 2 Zachariahs and no known records as to family of the VA Zachariah Dicke(i)nson. I would be happy to find both.

Charles Howard Dickenson, who has tested 67 markers. We are certain about lineage descending from Gallant Duncan Dickenson, who we believe was son of James Dickenson, who was son of Archelaus Dickenson (b. ca 1749, d. ca 1806, Louisa County, VA), who was perhaps son of Henry D., son of Thomas Cooper D., son of William D., son of John D., son of John D., son of Richard D. born in London abt. 1564, but we can't verify this as fact. We know next to nothing about James, although it has been documented that he left his son Gallant Duncan an orphan.

Donald Robert Dickenson, 67 markers, can conclusively trace his male line back Nathaniel Dickenson who died in early 1783 in Louisa County, Virginia, through his son, John Dickenson later of Henry/Franklin Counties, Virginia. He assumes this Nathaniel was the son of Nathaniel Dickenson, Sr. who died in September, 1753 in Louisa County, Virginia. In his will Nathaniel Dickenson, Sr. named his wife Mary, and nine children: Nathaniel Dickenson, Griffith Dickenson, William Dickenson, John Dickenson, Sarah (Dickenson) Snelson, Elizabeth Dickenson, Rachel Dickenson, Mourning (Dickenson) Barksdale, and Agnes Dickenson. The first reference to this person is on November 28, 1711 in the vestry book of St. Paul's Parish in New Kent (later Hanover) Co., Virginia indicating that "Nath'l Dickason" participated in processioning. While their common Dickenson/Dickerson male ancestor from Virginia remains unknown, he has exact 67/67 marker matches with Carlton Monroe Dickerson, Charles Howard Dickenson and Joseph Patrick Dickerson, 66/67 marker matches with a member of the Spencer Project and Jon Edward Dickerson, and 65/67 marker matches with Richard J. Dickison, Melvin Raymond Dickerson and Julius Ames Dickerson. For complete information on his Dickenson genealogy see, Ancestors of Donald Robert Dickenson Through 24 Generations on his website(click here).

William Nelson Dickinson, has only tested to 12 markers and needs to upgrade to verify his assignment to this group.

Richard J. Dickison, who has tested 67 markers.

Keith Thomas Berry,67 markers, is a descendant of Reuben Berry who was born c.1750 in King George County, Virginia, and was the child of Sarah Berry and an unidentified man. Because the y-DNA which this man transmitted to Keith T. Berry is so similar to that now carried by several other men within subgroup E, a search for the biological father of this Reuben Berry was made in the written records of early King George County, Virginia. County court records revealed that both Henry Berry (1694-1749) and Thomas Dickenson (c.1680/90-1735) lived at the same time [the 1730’s] in the same parish [Hanover] of the same county [King George], and once served together on the same grand jury [November 3, 1732]. This Henry Berry was the father of the above-named Sarah Berry. This Thomas Dickenson was the father of six children: John and possibly Thomas Jr., James, William, Sarah and Edward. Significantly, this Thomas Dickenson (c.1680/90-1735) was in the 16th or 17th generation of male descendants from the earliest known Johnne Dykonson of England. Source of the last sentence: “Griffith Dickenson and Elizabeth Springall” in “Ancestors of David and Carla Goodloe,”  http://www.dickerson-goodloe.com/onlineversion/f795.htm

Julius Ames Dickerson - 67 markers is a descendant of Moses Dickerson, Sr. b. 12 Sept 1745 in probably Halifax Co., VA  and d. 23 Mar 1834. He married Jemima Sullivan. No record of their marriage has been found.  She was born abt. 1746 and died 25 May 1846. Both are buried in the Pine Creek Cemetery, Floyd Co., VA.
They had 6 children:
Frances b. 1778 and d.1870 who married Ambrose Bryant; 
Anna b. 1780 about whom nothing is known;
Moses JR, b. 1783 d. 1874 who married first Nancy Reed, and second Elizabeth Wickham;
John, b. 1785
Elizabeth b. 1788; and
Moral b. 1790 d. 1849 married to Elizabeth Reed. .

Jeffrey H. Dickerson - 37 markers, discussion to be added.

Paul G. Dickenson - 25 markers, discussion to be added.

Ronald Dickenson - 37 markers, discussion to be added.

Lee Hedley Dickerson - 37 markers. Great grand father, Isham Malone Dickerson, was born in 1840 in Warren County North Carolina. Great Great grandfather was also named Isham Dickerson who was born in 1798 and is believed to be the son of Nathaniel, who was the son of Martin, who was the son of John Dickerson. There is documentation that this John Dickerson was from Hanover County Virginia and had other connections to Hanover County via marriage. Documentation to substantiate these assumptions is not yet available, but the DNA testing shows the connection with the Dickersons of Hanover County.

This Group E. is very well developed and starts downward from England in the form of Dickinson, but then morphs into several different spellings (11 Dickerson, 1 Dickason, 1 Dickison, 3 Dickinson, 3 Dickenson). Thus we are reminded not to be too literal when searching for specific name spellings.

Group F (Haplogroup - R-M269)

2 Members (Both Dickerson)

Joe Wesley Dickerson
Wayne Jordan Dickerson

Joe and Wayne have a 66/67 match and are descended, respectively, from James Dickerson (b. 1810, d. 1853, TX) and William Dickerson (b. ca. 1812, SC d. 1897, TX). It is believed that John Dickerson (b. 1782 in NC or SC, d. 1830) is the father of James and William. Prior to DNA testing these distant cousins were not known to each other.

Group G (Haplogroup - R-M269)

2 Members (Both Dickinson)

Doug Dickinson
Terry Dickinson

Doug and Terry have a 35/37 match and are descended, respectively, from George Dickinson b. abt 1780 NY d. aft 1850, and Charles Dickinson b. 1658 and d. 1740 Rhode Island.

Doug  also has a 37/37 match, and Terry a 35/37 match with a non-project FTDNA member with a different surname.

Group H (Haplogroup - R-M269)

2 Members (Both Dickinson)

Paul E. Dickinson
Robert James Dickinson

Paul and Robert have
Group X

43 Members (No matches within the project at this point)

If and when, matches occur with these participants, further groupings with lineage will be developed.

1. Dickason, David Scott
2. Dickason, Eugene Lee
3. Dickerson, Clarence Edward
4. Dickerson, Dennis M.
5. Dickerson, James McComas
6. Dickerson, John Edward
7. Dickerson, John Holland
8. Dickerson, Joseph A.
9. Dickerson, Robert Bradford
10. Dickerson, Thomas Wayne
11. Dickerson, Wayne Eugene
12. Dickeson, Mark Langley
13. Dickin, Rob Neil
14. Dickinson, Daniel O.
15. Dickinson, Dennis Keith
16. Dickinson, Gary Wayne
17. Dickinson, George Michael
18. Dickinson, James Edward
19. Dickinson, John
20. Dickinson, John Henry
21. Dickinson, Joseph David - Thomas Moses Dickinson, b. abt 1620 and d. 1662
22. Dickinson, Leslie James 
23. Dickinson, Robert Gerald
24. Dickison, John James
25. Dickson, Dan Howard
26. Dickson, Darin
27. Dickson, David Allen
28. Dickson, Edward Obadiah
29. Dickson, Ian Rodwell
30. Dickson, James
31. Dickson, John Ronald
32. Dixon, Alfred Isaac
33. Dixon, Charles Dennis
34. Dixon, Daniel Jay
35. Dixon, Daniel Lee
36. Dixon, Darrell J.
37. Dixon, Dave Lin
38. Dixon, David Lee
39. Dixon, George Ray
40. Dixon, James R.
41. Dixon, Marvin James
42. Dixon, Royce
43. Icken, Frederick Theodore

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