Byers Surname DNA Project

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Member Count: 59
Surnames
Bairs , Bayer , Beyer , Beyers , Biars , Bias , Biers , Biris , Birs , Birss , Boyis , Buerse , Buis , Buise , Buyer , Buyers , Buys , Buyse , Buysse , Buyze , Byars , Byas , Byers , Byres , Byris , de Byres , de Byris
Description
The general purpose of the Byers project is to learn more about our heritage. Can we answer specific questions about our origins? Is Byers surname German or Scotch? Can we distinguish between various colonial ancestor lines? Participation is open to those with the surname and variants. In addition to the name being tested it would be helpful to have family group sheets (excluding persons living) and the name, date and place of birth of the oldest known ancestor. This information will help in analyzing results.
Background
Byers participants with all variants of spelling are welcomed. The general purpose of the Byers project is to learn more about our ancestors in the U.S., Canada and Europe. Can we answer specific questions about our country of origin? YES. Can we distinguish between various colonial ancestor lines? YES. Do the Canadian Byers share the same ancestor y-DNA? YES. Participation is open to those males with the surname and spelling variants of Byers/Byars/& variations who do not know their ancestors origins or suspect the origins on the European continent or part of the British Isles. In addition to the name being tested it would be helpful to have family group sheets (excluding persons living) and the name, date and place of birth of the oldest known ancestor. This information will help in analyzing results.
Goals
Our goal is to add to the yDNA mapping we have already accomplished which has shown significantly different results; thereby forming distinct yDNA patterns indicitive of individual colonial ancestors. We also would like to establish various countries of origin for these early Colonial Byers/var. Martha, co administrator, is specifically focusing on the Byars/Byas/Byers of the Southern U.S. We have a new accomplished genealogist with a specific focus on Scotland and Ireland Byers/Byres.....we look forward to comparing their results!
News
WANTED !!!! DESCENDANTS OF:  Drury BYARS (c. 1809-1845, Union Co.,SC); John BYERS of Downington, East Caln Township, Chester Co. PA; Ross BYERS (1775-1843) of Mercer County, PA; John BYERS (c.1740-1808) of Toboyne & Allegheny Co., PA; John BYRES of Tonley, Aberdeenshire, Scotland; and any BYRES listed in The Families of MOIR and BYRES by Andrew J. Mitchell Gill. 
Results
SUMMARY OF RESULTS OF Y-DNA FOR BYERS SURNAME Early Initial Results: The results of the Byers surname y-DNA study have met the first goal of determining if there was a significant difference between the y-DNA of Byers with known Scotland origins and those Byers with known European continent origins. The literature indicates that many Byers of Continental origins changed the spelling of their name; i.e. Boyer(s), Beyer(s), Beier(s), etc. to the spellings used by the Scots, Scotch-Irish, and English. In addition to early immigrants frequently trying to "blend in" by changing the spelling of their surnames, the scribes and others in Colonial America ignored the differences in the German spellings Boyer(s), Beyers(s), Bayer(s), Beier(s), Baer(s), et. al. and "standardized" the spellings to the more anglicized Byers/Byres. At the beginning of this study the y-DNA results of the participants with origins in Scotland all tested as closely related. The existing paper genealogy indicates that the three participants who were descendants of James Byers and two participants who were known descendants of John Albert Byers, Senior, are closely related. In the literature some indicate that James arrived in America before 1719 (date of birth of son Samuel)which I think is questionable. Other researchers currently focusing on this issue feel it is more probable that he arrived in the early 1730s. James reportedly left the north of Ireland following the Siege of Londonderry (1689) where some say he was "treated unkindly"; however, the known conditions of life at that time were horrible economically and politically. John Albert Byers, Senior, came from Scotland as a young boy. (My estimate is that John Albert was born about 1780 and died about 1850). (He is not the same John Albert of Lewes, Delaware.) The participants that indicate Continental origins showed different y-DNA from the Scots but also showed differences from each other. These Continental Byers are unrelated to each other which suggests different origins for the name (even different haplogroups). Also PERHAPS the reason can be explained by their historical descent from the Boii tribes of Bavaria, Moravian area near Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Belorussia as well as the German Palatinate along the Rhine River near Switzerland. (Reference to "Germany" as an area of origin is used because of its contemporary meaning. During the early years when many of the "Byers" were immigrating to the U.S., the Continental region consisted of many loosely held kingdoms.) One noted Byers researcher concluded that it was the "Celtic Italian/French Byers/Boii who became the Scottish Byars/Byers, and it was the North and Eastern (?) European Celtic Beyer/Boii who became German Boyer/Byers of the U.S." [Alden S. Byers. 1991.] Because these early results are indicating so much individual differences between each of the participants with Continental origins, they are now included in the Boyer surname group. It would be prudent for any Byers researcher to be CAUTIOUS regarding making any substantial conclusions regarding these resulting differences. The country of origin is useful to the researcher in that it may allow him to focus further research in that preceding country's records; HOWEVER, one must also consider the early movements of people in Europe. For example, during the 16th Century Scotland experienced a period of severe economic distress whereby some of its people fled eastward to Germany. It is also known that in 1066 the Normans (Normandy, France) invaded the U.K. There are reports that the Byers of Scotland (originally spelled "de Byres") presence dates from time of the Norman Conquest. The results from this youthful study are certainly not focusing on the issues of early migration patterns but intended to focus on establishing the differences in the colonial ancestors. We have been able to establish different "Byers"(including variant spellings) groups and have been able to direct participants to their specific ancestors that they share closely aligned yDNA results.
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